The Bible Book by Book
Name. The Hebrew word means praises or hymns, while the Greek word means psalms. It may well be called the "Hebrew Prayer and Praise Book." The prevailing note is one of praise, though some are sad and plaintive while others are philosophical.

Authors. Of the 150 Psalms, there is no means of determining the authorship of 50. The authors named for others are David, Asaph, the sons of Korah, Herman, Ethan, Moses and Solomon. Of the 100 whose authorship is indicated, David is credited with 73, and in the New Testament he alone is referred to as the author of them. Lu. 20:42.

Relation to the Other Old Testament Books. It has been called the heart of the entire Bible, but its relation to the Old Testament is especially intimate. All divine manifestations are viewed in regard to their bearing on the inner experience. History is interpreted in the light of a passion for truth and righteousness and as showing forth the nearness of our relation to God.

The Subjects of the Psalms. It is very difficult to make any sort of classification of the Psalms and any classification is open to criticism. For this reason many groupings have been suggested. The following, taken from different sources, may be of help. (1) Hymns of praise, 8, 18, 19, 104, 145, 147, etc. (2) National hymns, 105, 106, 114, etc. (3) Temple hymns or hymns for public worship, 15, 24, 87, etc. (4) Hymns relating to trial and calamity, 9, 22, 55, 56, 109, etc. (5) Messianic Psalms, 2,16, 40, 72, 110, etc. (6) Hymns of general religious character, 89, 90, 91, 121, 127, etc.

The following classification has been given in the hope of suggesting the most prominent religious characteristics of the Psalms. (1) Those that recognize the one infinite, all-wise and omnipotent God. (2) Those that recognize the universality of his love and providence and goodness. (3) Those showing abhorrence of all idols and the rejection of all subordinate deities. (4) Those giving prophetic glimpses of the Divine Son and of his redeeming work on earth. (5) Those showing the terrible nature of sin, the divine hatred of it and judgment of God upon sinners. (6) Those teaching the doctrines of forgiveness, divine mercy, and the duty of repentance. (7) Those emphasizing the beauty of holiness, the importance of faith and the soul's privilege of communion with God.


1. Davidic Psalms. 1-41. These are not only ascribed to him but reflect much of his life and faith.

2. Historical Psalms. 42-72.These are ascribed to several authors, those of the sons of Korah being prominent and are especially full of historical facts.

3. Liturgical or Ritualistic Psalms. 73-89.Most of them are ascribed to Asaph and, besides being specially prescribed for worship, they are strongly historical.

4. Other Pre-Captivity Psalms. 90-106.Ten are anonymous, one is Moses' (Ps. 90) and the rest David's. They reflect much of the pre-captivity sentiment and history.

5. Psalms of the Captivity and Return. 107-150. Matters pertaining to the captivity and return to Jerusalem.

For Study and Discussion. (1) On what occasion were the following Palms probably composed: (a) Psalm 3 (2 Sam. 15). (b) Psalm 24 (2 Sam. 6:12-17). (c) Psalm 56 (1 Sam. 21:10-15). (d) Psalms 75 and 76 (2 Kings 19:32-37). (e) Psalm 109 (1 Sam. 22:9-23). (f) Psalm 74 (2 Kings 25:2-18). (g) Psalm 60 (1 Chron. 18:11-13). (2) What is the subject of Psalms 23, 84, 103,133 and 137? (3) What doctrine of the divine character is taught in each of the following Psalms; 8, 19, 33, 46, 93, 115 and 139?

For the Outline Study of the Bible by Books by J.B. TIDELL, A.M., D.D. Professor of Biblical Literature in Baylor University, Waco, Texas

1. BOOK 1: Blessed is the man who doesn't walk in the counsel of the wicked

2. Why do the nations rage, and the peoples plot a vain thing?

3. O Lord, how my adversaries have increased!

4. Answer me when I call, God of my righteousness.

5. Give ear to my words, O Lord. Consider my meditation.

6. O Lord, don't rebuke me in your anger

7. O Lord, my God, I take refuge in you

8. O Lord, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth

9. I will give thanks to the Lord with my whole heart

10. Why do you stand far off, O Lord?

11. In the Lord I take refuge

12. Help, O Lord; for the godly man ceases

13. How long, O Lord? Will you forget me forever?

14. The fool has said in his heart, "There is no God."

15. O Lord, who shall dwell in your sanctuary?

16. Preserve me, God, for in you do I take refuge.

17. Hear, O Lord, my righteous plea; Give ear to my prayer

18. I love you, O Lord, my strength.

19. The heavens declare the glory of God. The expanse shows his handiwork.

20. May the Lord answer you in the day of trouble.

21. The king rejoices in your strength, O Lord!

22. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?

23. The Lord is my shepherd: I shall lack nothing.

24. The earth is the Lord's, with its fullness

25. To you, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.

26. Judge me, O Lord, for I have walked in my integrity.

27. The Lord is my light and my salvation. Whom shall I fear?

28. To you, O Lord, I call. My rock, don't be deaf to me

29. Ascribe to the Lord, you sons of the mighty

30. I will extol you, O Lord, for you have raised me up

31. In you, O Lord, I take refuge. Let me never be disappointed.

32. Blessed is he whose disobedience is forgiven, whose sin is covered.

33. Rejoice in the Lord, you righteous! Praise is fitting for the upright.

34. I will bless the Lord at all times. His praise will always be in my mouth.

35. Contend, O Lord, with those who contend with me.

36. There is no fear of God before his eyes.

37. Don't fret because of evildoers

38. O Lord, don't rebuke me in your wrath

39. I will watch my ways, so that I don't sin with my tongue.

40. I waited patiently for the Lord. He turned to me, and heard my cry.

41. Blessed is he who considers the poor. The Lord will deliver him.

42. BOOK 2: As the deer pants for the water brooks, so my soul pants after you, God.

43. Vindicate me, God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation.

44. We have heard with our ears, God; our fathers have told us

45. My heart overflows with a noble theme

46. God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.

47. Oh clap your hands, all you nations. Shout to God with the voice of triumph!

48. Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised

49. Hear this, all you peoples. Listen, all you inhabitants of the world,

50. The Mighty One calls the earth from sunrise to sunset.

51. Have mercy on me, God, according to your loving kindness.

52. Why do you boast of mischief, mighty man?

53. The fool has said in his heart, "There is no God."

54. Save me, God, by your name. Vindicate me in your might.

55. Listen to my prayer, God. Don't hide yourself from my supplication.

56. Be merciful to me, God, for man wants to swallow me up.

57. Be merciful to me, God, be merciful to me, for my soul takes refuge in you.

58. Do you indeed speak righteousness, silent ones?

59. Deliver me from my enemies, my God.

60. God, you have rejected us. You have broken us down.

61. Hear my cry, God. Listen to my prayer.

62. My soul rests in God alone. My salvation is from him.

63. God, you are my God. I will earnestly seek you.

64. Hear my voice, God, in my complaint.

65. Praise waits for you, God, in Zion. To you shall vows be performed.

66. Make a joyful shout to God, all the earth!

67. May God be merciful to us, bless us, and cause his face to shine on us.

68. Let God arise! Let his enemies be scattered!

69. Save me, God, for the waters have come up to my neck!

70. Hurry, God, to deliver me. Come quickly to help me, O Lord.

71. In you, O Lord, I take refuge. Never let me be disappointed.

72. God, give the king your justice; your righteousness to the royal son.

73. BOOK 3: Surely God is good to Israel, to those who are pure in heart.

74. God, why have you rejected us forever?

75. We give thanks to you, God. We give thanks, for your Name is near.

76. In Judah, God is known. His name is great in Israel.

77. My cry goes to God! Indeed, I cry to God for help

78. Hear my teaching, my people. Turn your ears to the words of my mouth.

79. They have defiled your holy temple. They have laid Jerusalem in heaps.

80. Hear us, Shepherd of Israel, you who lead Joseph like a flock

81. Sing aloud to God, our strength! Make a joyful shout to the God of Jacob!

82. God presides in the great assembly. He judges among the gods.

83. God, don't keep silent. Don't keep silent, and don't be still, God.

84. How lovely are your dwellings, O Lord Almighty!

85. O Lord, you have been favorable to your land.

86. Hear, O Lord, and answer me, for I am poor and needy.

87. His foundation is in the holy mountains.

88. O Lord, the God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before you.

89. I will sing of the loving kindness of the Lord forever.

90. BOOK 4: Lord, you have been our dwelling place for all generations.

91. He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High

92. It is a good thing to give thanks to the Lord

93. The Lord reigns! He is clothed with majesty!

94. O Lord, you God to whom vengeance belongs, shine forth.

95. Oh come, let's sing to the Lord. Let's shout aloud to the rock of our salvation!

96. Sing to the Lord a new song! Sing to O Lord, all the earth.

97. The Lord reigns! Let the earth rejoice! Let the multitude of islands be glad!

98. Sing to the Lord a new song, for he has done marvelous things!

99. The Lord reigns! Let the peoples tremble.

100. Shout for joy to the Lord, all you lands!

101. I will sing of loving kindness and justice.

102. Hear my prayer, O Lord! Let my cry come to you.

103. Praise the Lord, my soul! All that is within me, praise his holy name!

104. Bless the Lord, my soul. O Lord, my God, you are very great.

105. Give thanks to the Lord! Call on his name!

106. Praise the Lord! Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good

107. BOOK 5: Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; his loving kindness endures forever.

108. My heart is steadfast, God. I will sing and I will make music with my soul.

109. God of my praise, don't remain silent

110. The Lord says to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand

111. I will give thanks to the Lord with my whole heart

112. Blessed is the man who fears the Lord

113. Praise, you servants of the Lord, praise the name of the Lord.

114. When Israel went forth out of Egypt

115. Not to us, O Lord, not to us, but to your name give glory

116. I love the Lord, because he listens to my voice, and my cries for mercy.

117. Praise the Lord, all you nations! Extol him, all you peoples!

118. Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; his loving kindness endures forever.

119. Blessed are those whose ways are blameless

120. In my distress, I cried to the Lord. He answered me.

121. I will lift up my eyes to the hills. Where does my help come from?

122. I was glad when they said to me, "Let's go to the Lord's house!"

123. To you I do lift up my eyes, you who sit in the heavens.

124. If it had not been the Lord who was on our side, let Israel now say,

125. Those who trust in the Lord are as Mount Zion, which can't be moved

126. When the Lord brought back those who returned to Zion

127. Unless the Lord builds the house, they labor in vain who build it.

128. Blessed is everyone who fears the Lord, who walks in his ways.

129. Many times they have afflicted me from my youth up.

130. Out of the depths I have cried to you, O Lord.

131. O Lord, my heart isn't haughty, nor my eyes lofty

132. O Lord, remember David and all his affliction,

133. See how good and how pleasant it is for brothers to live together in unity!

134. Look! Praise the Lord, all you servants of the Lord

135. Praise the name of the Lord! Praise him, you servants of the Lord

136. Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; his loving kindness endures forever.

137. By the rivers of Babylon we sat down, wept, remembered Zion.

138. I will give you thanks with my whole heart.

139. O Lord, you have searched me, and you know me.

140. Deliver me, O Lord, from the evil man. Preserve me from the violent man;

141. O Lord, I have called on you. Come to me quickly!

142. I cry with my voice to the Lord. With my voice, I ask the Lord for mercy.

143. Hear my prayer, O Lord. Listen to my petitions.

144. Blessed be the Lord, my rock, who teaches my hands to war

145. I will exalt you, my God, the King. I will praise your name forever and ever.

146. Praise the Lord, my soul.

147. It is good to sing praises to our God

148. Praise the Lord from the heavens! Praise him in the heights!

149. Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise in the assembly of the saints.

150. Praise God in his sanctuary! Praise him in his heavens for his acts of power!

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