Psalm 35:5
New International Version
May they be like chaff before the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away;

New Living Translation
Blow them away like chaff in the wind— a wind sent by the angel of the LORD.

English Standard Version
Let them be like chaff before the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away!

Berean Study Bible
May they be like chaff in the wind, as the angel of the LORD drives them away.

King James Bible
Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

New King James Version
Let them be like chaff before the wind, And let the angel of the LORD chase them.

New American Standard Bible
Let them be like chaff before the wind, With the angel of the LORD driving them on.

NASB 1995
Let them be like chaff before the wind, With the angel of the LORD driving them on.

NASB 1977
Let them be like chaff before the wind, With the angel of the LORD driving them on.

Amplified Bible
Let them be [blown away] like chaff before the wind [worthless, without substance], With the angel of the LORD driving them on.

Christian Standard Bible
Let them be like chaff in the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Let them be like chaff in the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away.

American Standard Version
Let them be as chaff before the wind, And the angel of Jehovah driving them on.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They shall be like dust before the wind, and the angel of LORD JEHOVAH will persecute them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Let them be as dust before the wind, and an angel of the Lord afflicting them.

Contemporary English Version
Send your angel after them and let them be like straw in the wind.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let them become as dust before the wind : and let the angel of the Lord straiten them.

English Revised Version
Let them be as chaff before the wind, and the angel of the LORD driving them on.

Good News Translation
May they be like straw blown by the wind as the angel of the LORD pursues them!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Let them be like husks blown by the wind as the Messenger of the LORD chases them.

International Standard Version
Make them like the chaff before the wind, as the messenger of the LORD pushes them aside.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Let them be as chaff before the wind, The angel of the LORD thrusting them.

Literal Standard Version
They are as chaff before wind, And a messenger of YHWH driving away.

NET Bible
May they be like wind-driven chaff, as the LORD's angel attacks them!

New Heart English Bible
Let them be as chaff before the wind, The LORD's angel driving them on.

World English Bible
Let them be as chaff before the wind, Yahweh's angel driving them on.

Young's Literal Translation
They are as chaff before wind, And a messenger of Jehovah driving away.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Contend with My Opponents
4May those who seek my life be disgraced and put to shame; may those who plan to harm me be driven back and confounded. 5May they be like chaff in the wind, as the angel of the LORD drives them away. 6May their path be dark and slick, as the angel of the LORD pursues.…

Cross References
Job 21:18
Are they like straw before the wind, like chaff swept away by a storm?

Psalm 1:4
Not so the wicked! For they are like chaff driven off by the wind.

Psalm 83:13
Make them like tumbleweed, O my God, like chaff before the wind.

Isaiah 29:5
But your many foes will be like fine dust, the multitude of the ruthless like blowing chaff. Then suddenly, in an instant,

Habakkuk 3:6
He stood and measured the earth; He looked and startled the nations; the ancient mountains crumbled; the perpetual hills collapsed. His ways are everlasting.


Treasury of Scripture

Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

as chaff

Psalm 1:4
The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away.

Psalm 83:13-17
O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind…

Job 21:18
They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.

and

Exodus 14:19
And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

Isaiah 37:36
Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.

Acts 12:23
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.









(5) As chaff.--Comp. Psalm 1:4, and see Note. There can be little doubt that the "angel of Jehovah" in this and the following verse is (comp. Psalm 104:4) a personification of the "hurricane" itself, which drives before it all obstacles, and overwhelms even whole armies in dangerous places.

Verse 5. - Let them be as chaff before the wind (comp. Psalm 1:4; Isaiah 17:13; Isaiah 29:5; Hosea 13:3). Chaff is the type of whatever is light, vain, futile, and worthless; chaff driven before the wind represents the confused rout of a beaten army flying without any resistance before an enemy. And let the angel of the Lord chase them; rather, smite them. The angel of the Lord, who protects the righteous (Psalm 34:7), is called on to complete the discomfiture of the wicked ones, who are David's enemies.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
May they be
יִֽהְי֗וּ (yih·yū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

like chaff
כְּמֹ֥ץ (kə·mōṣ)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4671: Chaff, threshed loose)

in
לִפְנֵי־ (lip̄·nê-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6440: The face

the wind,
ר֑וּחַ (rū·aḥ)
Noun - common singular
Strong's 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

as the angel
וּמַלְאַ֖ךְ (ū·mal·’aḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

of the LORD
יְהוָ֣ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

drives them away.
דּוֹחֶֽה׃ (dō·w·ḥeh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 1760: To push, thrust


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OT Poetry: Psalm 35:5 Let them be as chaff before (Psalm Ps Psa.)
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