Psalm 35:5
New International Version
May they be like chaff before the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away;

New Living Translation
Blow them away like chaff in the wind--a wind sent by the angel of the LORD.

English Standard Version
Let them be like chaff before the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away!

Berean Study Bible
May they be like chaff in the wind, as the angel of the LORD drives them away.

New American Standard Bible
Let them be like chaff before the wind, With the angel of the LORD driving them on.

King James Bible
Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

Christian Standard Bible
Let them be like chaff in the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away.

Contemporary English Version
Send your angel after them and let them be like straw in the wind.

Good News Translation
May they be like straw blown by the wind as the angel of the LORD pursues them!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Let them be like chaff in the wind, with the angel of the LORD driving them away.

International Standard Version
Make them like the chaff before the wind, as the messenger of the LORD pushes them aside.

NET Bible
May they be like wind-driven chaff, as the LORD's angel attacks them!

New Heart English Bible
Let them be as chaff before the wind, The LORD's angel driving them on.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They shall be like dust before the wind, and the angel of Lord Jehovah will persecute them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Let them be like husks blown by the wind as the Messenger of the LORD chases them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Let them be as chaff before the wind, The angel of the LORD thrusting them.

New American Standard 1977
Let them be like chaff before the wind, With the angel of the LORD driving them on.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Let them be as chaff before the wind, and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

King James 2000 Bible
Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

American King James Version
Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

American Standard Version
Let them be as chaff before the wind, And the angel of Jehovah driving them on.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Let them be as dust before the wind, and an angel of the Lord afflicting them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let them become as dust before the wind : and let the angel of the Lord straiten them.

Darby Bible Translation
Let them be as chaff before the wind, and let the angel of Jehovah drive [them] away;

English Revised Version
Let them be as chaff before the wind, and the angel of the LORD driving them on.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

World English Bible
Let them be as chaff before the wind, Yahweh's angel driving them on.

Young's Literal Translation
They are as chaff before wind, And a messenger of Jehovah driving away.
Study Bible
Contend with My Opponents
4May those who seek my life be disgraced and put to shame; may those who plan to harm me be driven back and confounded. 5May they be like chaff in the wind, as the angel of the LORD drives them away. 6May their path be dark and slick, as the angel of the LORD pursues.…
Cross References
Job 21:18
Are they like straw before the wind, like chaff swept away by a storm?

Psalm 1:4
Not so the wicked! For they are like chaff driven off by the wind.

Psalm 83:13
Make them like tumbleweed, O my God, like chaff before the wind.

Isaiah 29:5
But your many foes will be like fine dust, the multitude of the ruthless like blowing chaff. Then suddenly, in an instant,

Habakkuk 3:6
He stood and measured the earth; He looked and startled the nations; the ancient mountains were scattered; the perpetual hills bowed. His ways are everlasting.

Treasury of Scripture

Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

as chaff

Psalm 1:4
The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away.

Psalm 83:13-17
O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind…

Job 21:18
They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.

and

Exodus 14:19
And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

Isaiah 37:36
Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.

Acts 12:23
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.







Lexicon
May they be
יִֽהְי֗וּ (yih·yū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

like chaff
כְּמֹ֥ץ (kə·mōṣ)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4671: Chaff, threshed loose)

in
לִפְנֵי־ (lip̄·nê-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the wind,
ר֑וּחַ (rū·aḥ)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

as the angel
וּמַלְאַ֖ךְ (ū·mal·’aḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

of the LORD
יְהוָ֣ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

drives them away.
דּוֹחֶֽה׃ (dō·w·ḥeh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1760: To push, thrust
(5) As chaff.--Comp. Psalm 1:4, and see Note. There can be little doubt that the "angel of Jehovah" in this and the following verse is (comp. Psalm 104:4) a personification of the "hurricane" itself, which drives before it all obstacles, and overwhelms even whole armies in dangerous places.

Verse 5. - Let them be as chaff before the wind (comp. Psalm 1:4; Isaiah 17:13; Isaiah 29:5; Hosea 13:3). Chaff is the type of whatever is light, vain, futile, and worthless; chaff driven before the wind represents the confused rout of a beaten army flying without any resistance before an enemy. And let the angel of the Lord chase them; rather, smite them. The angel of the Lord, who protects the righteous (Psalm 34:7), is called on to complete the discomfiture of the wicked ones, who are David's enemies. 35:1-10 It is no new thing for the most righteous men, and the most righteous cause, to meet with enemies. This is a fruit of the old enmity in the seed of the serpent against the Seed of the woman. David in his afflictions, Christ in his sufferings, the church under persecution, and the Christian in the hour temptation, all beseech the Almighty to appear in their behalf, and to vindicate their cause. We are apt to justify uneasiness at the injuries men do us, by our never having given them cause to use us so ill; but this should make us easy, for then we may the more expect that God will plead our cause. David prayed to God to manifest himself in his trial. Let me have inward comfort under all outward troubles, to support my soul. If God, by his Spirit, witness to our spirits that he is our salvation, we need desire no more to make us happy. If God is our Friend, no matter who is our enemy. By the Spirit of prophecy, David foretells the just judgments of God that would come upon his enemies for their great wickedness. These are predictions, they look forward, and show the doom of the enemies of Christ and his kingdom. We must not desire or pray for the ruin of any enemies, except our lusts and the evil spirits that would compass our destruction. A traveller benighted in a bad road, is an expressive emblem of a sinner walking in the slippery and dangerous ways of temptation. But David having committed his cause to God, did not doubt of his own deliverance. The bones are the strongest parts of the body. The psalmist here proposes to serve and glorify God with all his strength. If such language may be applied to outward salvation, how much more will it apply to heavenly things in Christ Jesus!
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