Genesis 16:7
New International Version
The angel of the LORD found Hagar near a spring in the desert; it was the spring that is beside the road to Shur.

New Living Translation
The angel of the LORD found Hagar beside a spring of water in the wilderness, along the road to Shur.

English Standard Version
The angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur.

Berean Study Bible
Now the Angel of the LORD found Hagar by a spring of water in the desert—the spring along the road to Shur.

New American Standard Bible
Now the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

King James Bible
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Christian Standard Bible
The angel of the LORD found her by a spring in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur.

Contemporary English Version
Hagar stopped to rest at a spring in the desert on the road to Shur. While she was there, the angel of the LORD came to her

Good News Translation
The angel of the LORD met Hagar at a spring in the desert on the road to Shur

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur.

International Standard Version
The angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the desert on the road to Shur.

NET Bible
The LORD's angel found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert--the spring that is along the road to Shur.

New Heart English Bible
The angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Messenger of the LORD found her by a spring in the desert, the spring on the way to Shur.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

New American Standard 1977
Now the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

King James 2000 Bible
And the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

American King James Version
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

American Standard Version
And the angel of Jehovah found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And an angel of the Lord found her by the fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Sur.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the angel of the Lord having found her, by a fountain of water in the wilderness, which is in the way to Sur in the desert,

Darby Bible Translation
And the Angel of Jehovah found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

English Revised Version
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

World English Bible
The angel of Yahweh found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Young's Literal Translation
And a messenger of Jehovah findeth her by the fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur,
Study Bible
The Birth of Ishmael
6“Here,” said Abram, “your servant is in your hands. Do whatever you want with her.” Then Sarai treated Hagar so harshly that she fled from her. 7Now the Angel of the LORD found Hagar by a spring of water in the desert— the spring along the road to Shur. 8“Hagar, servant of Sarai,” He said, “where have you come from, and where are you going?” “I am running away from my mistress Sarai,” she replied.…
Cross References
Genesis 20:1
Now Abraham journeyed from there to the region of the Negev and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he was staying in Gerar,

Genesis 21:17
Then God heard the voice of the boy, and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven, "What is wrong, Hagar? Do not be afraid, for God has heard the voice of the boy where he lies.

Genesis 21:18
Arise, lift up the boy and take him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation."

Genesis 21:19
Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the skin with water and gave the boy a drink.

Genesis 22:11
Just then, the Angel of the LORD called out to him from heaven, "Abraham, Abraham!" "Here I am," he replied.

Genesis 22:15
And the Angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time,

Genesis 24:7
The LORD, the God of heaven, who brought me from my father's house and my native land, who spoke to me and promised me on oath, saying, 'To your offspring I will give this land'--He will send His angel before you so that you can take a wife for my son from there.

Genesis 25:18
Ishmael's descendants settled from Havilah to Shur, which is near the border of Egypt as you go toward Asshur. And they lived in hostility toward all their brothers.

Genesis 31:11
In that dream the Angel of God said to me, 'Jacob!' And I replied, 'Here I am.'

Exodus 3:2
There the Angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from within a bush. Moses saw the bush ablaze with fire, but it was not consumed!

Exodus 15:22
Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea, and they went out into the Desert of Shur. For three days they walked in the desert without finding water.

1 Samuel 15:7
Then Saul struck down the Amalekites all the way from Havilah to Shur, which is east of Egypt.

Treasury of Scripture

And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

found.

Proverbs 15:3
The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

the fountain.

Genesis 25:18
And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren.

Exodus 15:22
So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.

1 Samuel 15:7
And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt.

Shur.







Lexicon
Now the Angel
מַלְאַ֧ךְ (mal·’aḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

of the LORD
יְהוָ֛ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

found
וַֽיִּמְצָאָ֞הּ (way·yim·ṣā·’āh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

[Hagar] by
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

a spring
עֵ֥ין (‘ên)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5869: An eye, a fountain

of water
הַמַּ֖יִם (ham·ma·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

in the desert—
בַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר (bam·miḏ·bār)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4057: A pasture, a desert, speech

the spring
הָעַ֖יִן (hā·‘a·yin)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5869: An eye, a fountain

along the road
בְּדֶ֥רֶךְ (bə·ḏe·reḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

to Shur.
שֽׁוּר׃ (šūr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7793: Shur -- a desert region Southwest of Palestine on eastern border of Egypt
(7) The angel of the Lord.--Heb., of Jehovah. (See Excursus at end of Book.)

In the way to Shur.--Hagar evidently fled by the usual route leading from Hebron past Beer-sheba to Egypt. The wilderness was that of Paran, in which Kadesh was situated. The fountain by which Hagar was sitting was on the road to Shur, which is a desert on the eastern side of Egypt, forming the boundary of the territory of the Ishmaelites (Genesis 25:18) and of the Amalekites (1Samuel 15:7; 1Samuel 27:8), and reached by the Israelites soon after crossing the Red Sea (Exodus 15:22; Numbers 33:8). It is now called J'afar.

Verse 7. - And the angel of the Lord. Maleach Jehovah, elsewhere styled Maleach Elohim (Genesis 21:17; Genesis 31:11); supposed but wrongly to be a creature angel (Augustine, Origen, Jerome, Hofmann, Bamngarten, Tholuck, Delitzsch, Kurtz), for the reasons chiefly

(1) that the term angel commonly designates a class of spiritual beings (Genesis 19:1; Genesis 32:1; Job 4:18; Psalm 91:11; Matthew 13:41; John 20:12, et passim);

(2) that the ἄγγελος κυρίου of the New Testament (Matthew 1:20; Luke 2:9; Acts 12:7) is always a created angel;

(3) that the meaning of the term מַלְאָך, one sent, from לָאַך, to depute (Gesenius), one through whom work is executed, from לָאַך, to work (Keil), implies a certain degree of subordination, which is afterwards more distinctly recognized (1 Chronicles 21:27; Zechariah 1:12);

(4) that the distinction between the unrevealed and the revealed God was not then developed as in later times, and particularly since the advent of Christ - to every one of which arguments, however, it is comparatively easy to reply (cf. Keil and Lange in love). With more force of reason believed to have been the Divine Being himself, who already as Jehovah had appeared to Abram (the Fathers, the Reformers, Hengstenberg, Keil, Lange, Havernick, Nitzsch, Ebrard, Steir, Kalisch, Ainsworth, Bush, Wordsworth, Candlish), since -

1. The Maleach Jehovah explicitly identifies himself with Jehovah (Ver. 10) and Elohim (Genesis 22:12).

2. Those to whom he makes his presence known recognize him as Divine (Genesis 16:13; Genesis 18:23-33; Genesis 28:16-22; Exodus 3:6; Judges 6:15, 20-23; Judges 13:22).

3. The Biblical writers constantly speak of him as Divine, calling him Jehovah without the least reserve (Genesis 16:13; Genesis 18:1; Genesis 22:16; Exodus 3:2; Judges 6:12).

4. The doctrine here implied of a plurality of persons in the Godhead is in complete accordance with earlier foreshadowings (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 11:7) and later revelations of the same truth.

5. The organic unity of Scripture would be broken if it could be proved that the central point in the Old Testament revelation was a creature angel, while that of the New is the incarnation of the God-Man. Found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness. Properly an uninhabited district suitable for pasturing flocks, from a root signifying to lead to pasture; hence a sterile, sandy country, like that here referred to, Arabia Deserta, bordering on Egypt (Genesis 14:6; Exodus 3:1). By the fountain. The article indicating a particular and well-known spring. In the way to Shur. "Before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria" (Genesis 25:18); hence not Pelusium on the Nile (Jos., 'Ant.,' 6:07, 3), but probably the modern Dachifar in the north-west of Arabia Deserta (Michaelis, Rosenmüller, Keil, Lange). Hagar was clearly directing her flight to Egypt. 16:7-16 Hagar was out of her place, and out of the way of her duty, and going further astray, when the Angel found her. It is a great mercy to be stopped in a sinful way, either by conscience or by providence. Whence comest thou? Consider that thou art running from duty, and the privileges thou wast blest with in Abram's tent. It is good to live in a religious family, which those ought to consider who have this advantage. Whither wilt thou go? Thou art running into sin; if Hagar return to Egypt, she will return to idol gods, and into danger in the wilderness through which she must travel. Recollecting who we are, would often teach us our duty. Inquiring whence we came, would show us our sin and folly. Considering whither we shall go, discovers our danger and misery. And those who leave their space and duty, must hasten their return, how mortifying soever it be. The declaration of the Angel, I will, shows this Angel was the eternal Word and Son of God. Hagar could not but admire the Lord's mercy, and feel, Have I, who am so unworthy, been favoured with a gracious visit from the Lord? She was brought to a better temper, returned, and by her behaviour softened Sarai, and received more gentle treatment. Would that we were always suitably impressed with this thought, Thou God seest me!
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