Judges 6:11
New International Version
The angel of the LORD came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to keep it from the Midianites.

New Living Translation
Then the angel of the LORD came and sat beneath the great tree at Ophrah, which belonged to Joash of the clan of Abiezer. Gideon son of Joash was threshing wheat at the bottom of a winepress to hide the grain from the Midianites.

English Standard Version
Now the angel of the LORD came and sat under the terebinth at Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, while his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress to hide it from the Midianites.

Berean Study Bible
Then the Angel of the LORD came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to hide it from the Midianites.

New American Standard Bible
Then the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save it from the Midianites.

King James Bible
And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

Christian Standard Bible
The angel of the LORD came, and he sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash, the Abiezrite. His son Gideon was threshing wheat in the winepress in order to hide it from the Midianites.

Contemporary English Version
One day an angel from the LORD went to the town of Ophrah and sat down under the big tree that belonged to Joash, a member of the Abiezer clan. Joash's son Gideon was nearby, threshing grain in a shallow pit, where he could not be seen by the Midianites.

Good News Translation
Then the LORD's angel came to the village of Ophrah and sat under the oak tree that belonged to Joash, a man of the clan of Abiezer. His son Gideon was threshing some wheat secretly in a wine press, so that the Midianites would not see him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Angel of the LORD came, and He sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash, the Abiezrite. His son Gideon was threshing wheat in the wine vat in order to hide it from the Midianites.

International Standard Version
After this, the angel of the LORD arrived and sat down in the shade of the oak tree in Ophrah that belonged to Joash, a descendant of Abiezer, while his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a wine press in order to safeguard it from the Midianites.

NET Bible
The LORD's angelic messenger came and sat down under the oak tree in Ophrah owned by Joash the Abiezrite. He arrived while Joash's son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress so he could hide it from the Midianites.

New Heart English Bible
The angel of the LORD came, and sat under the oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained to Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Messenger of the LORD came and sat under the oak tree in Ophrah that belonged to Joash from Abiezer's family. Joash's son Gideon was beating out wheat in a winepress to hide it from the Midianites.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the angel of the LORD came, and sat under the terebinth which was in Ophrah, that belonged unto Joash the Abiezrite; and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

New American Standard 1977
Then the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the Abiezrite as his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the wine press in order to save it from the Midianites.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak which was in Ophrah that pertained unto Joash, the Abiezrite, and his son Gideon threshed wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

King James 2000 Bible
And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

American King James Version
And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained to Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the wine press, to hide it from the Midianites.

American Standard Version
And the angel of Jehovah came, and sat under the oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And an angel of the Lord came, and sat down under the fir tree, which was in Ephratha in the land of Joas father of Esdri; and Gedeon his son was threshing wheat in a wine-press in order to escape from the face of Madiam.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And an angel of the Lord came, and sat under an oak, that was in Ephra, and belonged to Joas the father of the family of Ezri. And when Gedeon his son was threshing and cleansing wheat by the winepress, to flee from Madian,

Darby Bible Translation
And an angel of Jehovah came and sat under the terebinth that was in Ophrah, that [belonged] to Joash the Abi-ezrite. And his son Gideon threshed wheat in the winepress, to secure [it] from the Midianites.

English Revised Version
And the angel of the LORD came and sat under the oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

Webster's Bible Translation
And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained to Joash the Abi-ezrite: and his son Gideon thrashed wheat by the wine-press, to hide it from the Midianites.

World English Bible
The angel of Yahweh came, and sat under the oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained to Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

Young's Literal Translation
And the messenger of Jehovah cometh and sitteth under the oak which is in Ophrah, which is to Joash the Abi-Ezrite, and Gideon his son is beating out wheat in the wine-press, to remove it from the presence of the Midianites;
Study Bible
The Call of Gideon
11Then the Angel of the LORD came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to hide it from the Midianites. 12And the Angel of the LORD appeared to Gideon and said, “The LORD is with you, mighty warrior.”…
Cross References
Hebrews 11:32
And what more shall I say? Time will not allow me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel, and the prophets,

Numbers 26:30
These were the descendants of Gilead: the Iezerite clan from Iezer, the Helekite clan from Helek,

Joshua 17:2
So this allotment was for the rest of the descendants of Manasseh--the clans of Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, Hepher, and Shemida. These are the other male descendants of the clans of Manasseh son of Joseph.

Judges 2:1
Now the Angel of the LORD went up from Gilgal to Bochim and said, "I brought you up out of Egypt and led you into the land I had promised to your fathers, and I said, 'I will never break My covenant with you,

Judges 6:12
And the Angel of the LORD appeared to Gideon and said, "The LORD is with you, mighty warrior."

Judges 6:14
The LORD turned to him and said, "Go in the strength you have and deliver Israel from the hand of Midian. Am I not sending you?"

Judges 6:15
"Please, Lord," Gideon asked, "how can I deliver Israel? Indeed, my clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father's house."

Judges 13:3
The Angel of the LORD appeared to the woman and said to her, "It is true that you are barren and have no children; but you will conceive and give birth to a son.

Judges 13:6
Then the woman went and said to her husband, "A Man of God came to me. His appearance was like the Angel of God, exceedingly awesome. I did not ask Him where He came from, and He did not tell me His name.

Treasury of Scripture

And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained to Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the wine press, to hide it from the Midianites.

an angel

Judges 6:14-16
And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee? …

Judges 2:1-5
And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you…

Judges 5:23
Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.

Abi-ezrite.

Judges 8:2
And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer?

Joshua 17:2
There was also a lot for the rest of the children of Manasseh by their families; for the children of Abiezer, and for the children of Helek, and for the children of Asriel, and for the children of Shechem, and for the children of Hepher, and for the children of Shemida: these were the male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph by their families.

Gideon.

Hebrews 11:32
And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets:

hide it.







Lexicon
Then the Angel
מַלְאַ֣ךְ (mal·’aḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

of the LORD
יְהוָ֗ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

came
וַיָּבֹ֞א (way·yā·ḇō)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

and sat down
וַיֵּ֙שֶׁב֙ (way·yê·šeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

under
תַּ֤חַת (ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

the oak
הָֽאֵלָה֙ (hā·’ê·lāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 424: An oak, other strong tree

in Ophrah
בְּעָפְרָ֔ה (bə·‘ā·p̄ə·rāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6084: Ophrah -- an Israelite, also two places in Israel

that
אֲשֶׁ֥ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

belonged to Joash
לְיוֹאָ֖שׁ (lə·yō·w·’āš)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3101: Joash

the Abiezrite,
הָֽעֶזְרִ֑י (hā·‘ez·rî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 33: Abiezrites -- a descendant of Abiezer

where his son
בְּנ֗וֹ (bə·nōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

Gideon
וְגִדְע֣וֹן (wə·ḡiḏ·‘ō·wn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1439: Gideon -- a judge of Israel

was threshing
חֹבֵ֤ט (ḥō·ḇêṭ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2251: To beat off, beat out

wheat
חִטִּים֙ (ḥiṭ·ṭîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2406: Wheat

in a winepress
בַּגַּ֔ת (bag·gaṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1660: A wine-press

to hide it
לְהָנִ֖יס (lə·hā·nîs)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5127: To flit, vanish away

from
מִפְּנֵ֥י (mip·pə·nê)
Preposition-m | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the Midianites.
מִדְיָֽן׃ (miḏ·yān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4080: Midian -- a son of Abraham and Keturah, also his descendants and the region where they settled
(11) There came an angel of the Lord.--It is obviously absurd to suppose, as some have done, that a prophet is intended, like the one in Judges 6:8. There the word is Nabi, here it is Maleak-Jehovah, as in Judges 2:1. Josephus, when he says that "a phantasm stood by him in the shape of a youth," is merely actuated by his usual desire to give the story as classical an aspect as possible for his Gentile readers.

Under an oak.--Rather, under the terebinth (haelah):--some well-known tree beside the altar in Ophrath. (Comp. Genesis 35:4.)

Ophrah.--This Ophrah was in Western Manasseh. There was another in Benjamin (Joshua 18:23). The name means "fawn," and the place is identified by Van de Velde with Erfai, near the north border of Ephraim.

Joash the Abi-ezrite.--Joash was the head of the family which descended from Abiezer, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh (Numbers 26:30; Joshua 17:2).

Gideon.--The name means "hewer."

Threshed wheat by the winepress.--Perhaps, rather, beating it out than threshing it, as in Ruth 2:17 (LXX., rhabdiz?n). There would hardly be room for regular threshing in the confined space of a winepress, for wine-presses were vats sunk in the ground.

To hide it.--Literally, to make it fly (Exodus 9:20). The threshing-floors--open circular places in the fields where the corn was trodden out by oxen--would naturally be the first places where an invading enemy would come to forage, as in 1Samuel 23:1.

Verse 11. - An angel, etc. Rather, the angel of the Lord, otherwise called "the angel of his presence" (Isaiah 63:9). In vers. 14, 16, 23, for the angel of the Lord we have simply the Lord (see Judges 2:1, note). An oak. Rather the oak, or terebinth, as it should be rendered. It was doubtless a well-known tree still standing in the writer's time (see ver. 19). Compare the mention of the oak (terebinth) at Shechem (Genesis 35:4); the great oak (terebinth) in which Absalom was caught (2 Samuel 18:9); Deborah's palm tree (Judges 4:5, where see note). Observe the simple way in which the ministration of the angel is introduced, as if it were a matter of course in the eyes of him who is the Lord of the millions of the heavenly host, those ministers of his who do his pleasure. Human scepticism, the twin sister of human selfishness, would blot out all creation except itself. To hide it, etc. These graphic touches give a lively picture of the straits to which the Israelites were reduced by the Midianite occupation. 6:11-24 Gideon was a man of a brave, active spirit, yet in obscurity through the times: he is here stirred up to undertake something great. It was very sure that the Lord was with him, when his Angel was with him. Gideon was weak in faith, which made it hard to reconcile the assurances of the presence of God with the distress to which Israel was brought. The Angel answered his objections. He told him to appear and act as Israel's deliverer, there needed no more. Bishop Hall says, While God calls Gideon valiant, he makes him so. God delights to advance the humble. Gideon desires to have his faith confirmed. Now, under the influences of the Spirit, we are not to expect signs before our eyes such as Gideon here desired, but must earnestly pray to God, that if we have found grace in his sight, he would show us a sign in our heart, by the powerful working of his Spirit there, The Angel turned the meat into an offering made by fire; showing that he was not a man who needed meat, but the Son of God, who was to be served and honoured by sacrifice, and who in the fulness of time was to make himself a sacrifice. Hereby a sign was given to Gideon, that he had found grace in God's sight. Ever since man has by sin exposed himself to God's wrath and curse, a message from heaven has been a terror to him, as he scarcely dares to expect good tidings thence. In this world, it is very awful to have any converse with that world of spirits to which we are so much strangers. Gideon's courage failed him. But God spoke peace to him.
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Alphabetical: a Abiezrite and angel as beating belonged came down from Gideon his in it Joash keep LORD Midianites oak of Ophrah order out press sat save son that The Then threshing to under was wheat where which wine winepress

OT History: Judges 6:11 The angel of Yahweh came and sat (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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