Ruth 1:22
New International Version
So Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabite, her daughter-in-law, arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning.

New Living Translation
So Naomi returned from Moab, accompanied by her daughter-in-law Ruth, the young Moabite woman. They arrived in Bethlehem in late spring, at the beginning of the barley harvest.

English Standard Version
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabite her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.

Berean Study Bible
So Naomi returned from the land of Moab with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabitess. And they arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.

New American Standard Bible
So Naomi returned, and with her Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, who returned from the land of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.

King James Bible
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Christian Standard Bible
So Naomi came back from the territory of Moab with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabitess. They arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.

Contemporary English Version
The barley harvest was just beginning when Naomi and Ruth, her Moabite daughter-in-law, arrived in Bethlehem.

Good News Translation
This, then, was how Naomi came back from Moab with Ruth, her Moabite daughter-in-law. When they arrived in Bethlehem, the barley harvest was just beginning.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Naomi came back from the land of Moab with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabitess. They arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.

International Standard Version
So Naomi returned to Bethlehem from the country of Moab, along with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabite woman. And they arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.

NET Bible
So Naomi returned, accompanied by her Moabite daughter-in-law Ruth, who came back with her from the region of Moab. (Now they arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.)

New Heart English Bible
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Naomi came back from the country of Moab, Ruth, her Moabite daughter-in-law, came along with her. They happened to enter Bethlehem just when the barley harvest began.

JPS Tanakh 1917
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the field of Moab--and they came to Beth-lehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

New American Standard 1977
So Naomi returned, and with her Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, who returned from the land of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.

Jubilee Bible 2000
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the fields of Moab, and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

King James 2000 Bible
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

American King James Version
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

American Standard Version
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So Noemin and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, returned from the country of Moab; and they came to Bethleem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So Noemi came with Ruth the Moabitess her daughter in law, from the land of her sojournment: and returned into Bethlehem, in the beginning of the barley harvest.

Darby Bible Translation
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the fields of Moab; and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of the barley-harvest.

English Revised Version
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Beth-lehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Webster's Bible Translation
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab: and they came to Beth-lehem in the beginning of barley-harvest.

World English Bible
So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Young's Literal Translation
And Naomi turneth back, and Ruth the Moabitess her daughter-in-law with her, who hath turned back from the fields of Moab, and they have come in to Beth-Lehem at the commencement of barley-harvest.
Study Bible
The Return to Bethlehem
21I went away full, but the LORD has brought me back empty. Why call me Naomi, since the LORD has testified against me, and the Almighty has afflicted me?” 22So Naomi returned from the land of Moab with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabitess. And they arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.
Cross References
Exodus 9:31
(Now the flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley was ripe and the flax was in bloom;

Leviticus 23:10
"Speak to the Israelites and say, 'When you enter the land I am giving you and reap its harvest, you are to bring to the priest the sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest.

Leviticus 23:11
And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD so that it may be accepted of your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath.

Treasury of Scripture

So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Revelation 2:23
And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.

Exodus 9:31,32
And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled…

2 Samuel 21:9
And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the LORD: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest.







Lexicon
So Naomi
נָעֳמִ֗י (nā·‘o·mî)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5281: Naomi -- mother-in-law of Ruth

returned
וַתָּ֣שָׁב (wat·tā·šāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from the land
מִשְּׂדֵ֣י (miś·śə·ḏê)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7704: Field, land

of Moab
מוֹאָ֑ב (mō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4124: Moab -- a son of Lot,also his descendants and the territory where they settled

with
עִמָּ֔הּ (‘im·māh)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

her daughter-in-law
כַלָּתָהּ֙ (ḵal·lā·ṯāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3618: Daughter-in-law, bride

Ruth
וְר֨וּת (wə·rūṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7327: Ruth -- 'friendship', a Moabite ancestress of David

the Moabitess.
הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֤ה (ham·mō·w·’ă·ḇî·yāh)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4125: Moabite -- descendant of Moab

And they
וְהֵ֗מָּה (wə·hêm·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

arrived
בָּ֚אוּ (bā·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

in Bethlehem
לֶ֔חֶם (le·ḥem)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1035: Bethlehem -- 'place of bread', a city in Judah, also a city in Zebulun

at the beginning
בִּתְחִלַּ֖ת (biṯ·ḥil·laṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8462: A commencement, rel, original

of the barley
שְׂעֹרִֽים׃ (śə·‘ō·rîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8184: Barley

harvest.
קְצִ֥יר (qə·ṣîr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7105: Severed, harvest, the crop, the time, the reaper, a limb
(22) Barley-harvest.--God had restored plenty to His people, and the wayfarers thus arrive to witness and receive their share of the blessing. The barley harvest was the earliest (Exodus 9:31-32), and would ordinarily fall about the end of April.

II.

Verse 22. - So Naomi returned. The narrator pauses to recapitulate his narrative of the return, and hence the recapitulatory so is, in English, very much to be preferred to the merely additive and of the original. And Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the land of Moab. The cumulative and apparently redundant expression, "who returned out of the land of Moab," is remarkable, at once for its simplicity and for its inexactitude. Ruth, strictly speaking, had not returned, but she took part in' Naomi's return. And they arrived in Bethlehem at the commencement of barley-harvest. Barley ripened before wheat, and began to be reaped sometimes as early as March, but generally in April, or Abib. By the time that the barley-harvest was finished the wheat crop would be ready for the sickle.



1:19-22 Naomi and Ruth came to Bethlehem. Afflictions will make great and surprising changes in a little time. May God, by his grace, fit us for all such changes, especially the great change!, Naomi signifies pleasant, or amiable; Mara, bitter, or bitterness. She was now a woman of a sorrowful spirit. She had come home empty, poor, a widow and childless. But there is a fulness for believers of which they never can be emptied; a good part which shall not be taken from those who have it. The cup of affliction is a bitter cup, but she owns that the affliction came from God. It well becomes us to have our hearts humbled under humbling providences. It is not affliction itself, but affliction rightly borne, that does us good.
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Alphabetical: accompanied and arriving as at barley beginning Bethlehem by came daughter-in-law from harvest her in land Moab Moabitess Naomi of returned Ruth So the they to was who with

OT History: Ruth 1:22 So Naomi returned and Ruth the Moabitess (Ru Rut.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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