Ruth 2:23
New International Version
So Ruth stayed close to the women of Boaz to glean until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

New Living Translation
So Ruth worked alongside the women in Boaz’s fields and gathered grain with them until the end of the barley harvest. Then she continued working with them through the wheat harvest in early summer. And all the while she lived with her mother-in-law.

English Standard Version
So she kept close to the young women of Boaz, gleaning until the end of the barley and wheat harvests. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

Berean Study Bible
So Ruth stayed close to the servant girls of Boaz to glean grain until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

New American Standard Bible
So she stayed close by the maids of Boaz in order to glean until the end of the barley harvest and the wheat harvest. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

King James Bible
So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.

Christian Standard Bible
Ruth stayed close to Boaz's female servants and gathered grain until the barley and the wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

Contemporary English Version
And so, Ruth stayed close to the women, while picking up grain in his field. Ruth worked in the fields until the barley and wheat were harvested. And all this time she lived with Naomi.

Good News Translation
So Ruth worked with them and gathered grain until all the barley and wheat had been harvested. And she continued to live with her mother-in-law.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ruth stayed close to Boaz's female servants and gathered grain until the barley and the wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

International Standard Version
So Ruth continued to stay close to the young women who worked for Boaz, gathering grain until both the barley and wheat harvests were complete, all the while living with her mother-in-law.

NET Bible
So Ruth worked beside Boaz's female servants, gathering grain until the end of the barley harvest as well as the wheat harvest. After that she stayed home with her mother-in-law.

New Heart English Bible
So she stayed close to the maidens of Boaz, to glean to the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and she lived with her mother-in-law.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Ruth stayed with the young women who were working for Boaz. She gathered grain until both the barley harvest and the wheat harvest ended. And she continued to live with her mother-in-law.

JPS Tanakh 1917
So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.

New American Standard 1977
So she stayed close by the maids of Boaz in order to glean until the end of the barley harvest and the wheat harvest. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

Jubilee Bible 2000
So she kept close by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest and dwelt with her mother-in-law.

King James 2000 Bible
So she kept close by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother-in-law.

American King James Version
So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean to the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelled with her mother in law.

American Standard Version
So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz, to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Ruth joined herself to the damsels of Booz to glean until they had finished the barley-harvest and the wheat-harvest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So she kept close to the maids of Booz: and continued to glean with them, till all the barley and the wheat were laid up in the barns.

Darby Bible Translation
So she kept with the maidens of Boaz to glean, until the end of the barley-harvest and of the wheat-harvest. And she dwelt with her mother-in-law.

English Revised Version
So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and she dwelt with her mother in law.

Webster's Bible Translation
So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean to the end of barley-harvest and of wheat-harvest; and dwelt with her mother-in-law.

World English Bible
So she stayed close to the maidens of Boaz, to glean to the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and she lived with her mother-in-law.

Young's Literal Translation
And she cleaveth to the young women of Boaz to glean, till the completion of the barley-harvest, and of the wheat-harvest, and she dwelleth with her mother-in-law.
Study Bible
Boaz Meets Ruth
22And Naomi said to her daughter-in-law Ruth, “My daughter, it is good for you to work with his young women, so that nothing will happen to you in another field.” 23So Ruth stayed close to the servant girls of Boaz to glean grain until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
Cross References
Mark 14:66
While Peter was in the courtyard below, one of the high priest's servant girls came down

Exodus 9:31
(Now the flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley was ripe and the flax was in bloom;

Deuteronomy 16:9
You are to count off seven weeks from the time you first put the sickle to the standing grain.

Ruth 2:22
And Naomi said to her daughter-in-law Ruth, "My daughter, it is good for you to work with his young women, so that nothing will happen to you in another field."

Ruth 3:1
One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, "My daughter, should I not seek a place for you, that it may be well with you?

Treasury of Scripture

So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean to the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelled with her mother in law.

Proverbs 6:6-8
Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: …

Proverbs 13:1,20
A wise son heareth his father's instruction: but a scorner heareth not rebuke…

1 Corinthians 15:33
Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.







Lexicon
So Ruth stayed close
וַתִּדְבַּ֞ק (wat·tiḏ·baq)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1692: To impinge, cling, adhere, to catch by pursuit

to the servant girls
בְּנַעֲר֥וֹת (bə·na·‘ă·rō·wṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5291: A girl, maiden

of Boaz
בֹּ֙עַז֙ (bō·‘az)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1162: Boaz -- 'quickness', an ancestor of David, also a pillar before the temple

to glean
לְלַקֵּ֔ט (lə·laq·qêṭ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 3950: To pick up, to gather, to glean

grain until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the barley
הַשְּׂעֹרִ֖ים (haś·śə·‘ō·rîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8184: Barley

and wheat
הַֽחִטִּ֑ים (ha·ḥiṭ·ṭîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2406: Wheat

harvests
קְצִֽיר־ (qə·ṣîr-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7105: Severed, harvest, the crop, the time, the reaper, a limb

were finished.
כְּל֥וֹת (kə·lō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 3615: To be complete, at an end, finished, accomplished, or spent

And she lived
וַתֵּ֖שֶׁב (wat·tê·šeḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

with
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

her mother-in-law.
חֲמוֹתָֽהּ׃ (ḥă·mō·w·ṯāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2545: Husband's mother
(23) And dwelt.--Unspoiled by mixing with her new society, she stops on quietly at the end of her task, and tends her mother-in-law at home with the same fidelity with which she had worked for her abroad.

III.

Verse 23. - And she kept close by Boaz's young women to glean. Wright translates thus: "And she kept gleaning along with the maidens of Boaz." But the maidens of Boaz are not represented as gleaning. The historical statement of the verse is to be explained from the hortatory statement of ver. 8: "Keep close to my young women." Till the end of the barley-harvest and the wheat-harvest. Ruth's gleaning labors extended to the close of the wheat-harvest, during which time, no doubt, there would be frequent opportunities for a growing intimacy between the beautiful gleaner and the worthy proprietor. Often too, we may rest assured, would Boaz be a visitor in the humble home of Naomi. "The harvest upon the mountains," says Dr. Robinson, "ripens of course later than in the plains of the Jordan and the sea-coast. The barley-harvest precedes the wheat-harvest by a week or fortnight. On the 4th and 5th of June the people of Hebron were just beginning to gather their wheat; on the 11th and 12th the threshing-floors on the Mount of Olives were in full operation. We had already seen the harvest in the same stage of progress on the plains of Gaza on the 19th of May; while at Jericho, on the 12th of May, the threshing-floors had nearly completed their work" ('Biblical Researches,' vol. 2. p. 99). "The Syrian harvest," says Dr. W. M. Thomson, "extends through several months. On the plain of Philistia it commences in April and ends in June; and this not only gives ample time, but it has this great advantage, that the villagers from the mountains can assist the farmers on the plain, since their own crops are not yet ripe. I was struck with this fact while at Mesmia. Several Christians from Bethlehem, who had thus come to reap, spent the evening at my tent, and one of them explained to me the advantages from thus laboring on the plain. He not only, received wages for his own and his wife s labor, but his children were permitted to follow after them and glean on their own account, as Boaz allowed Ruth to do in their native village" ('The Land and the Book, ' p. 544). When it is said, in the last clause of the verse, and she dwelt with her mother-in-law, the reference is not to be restricted to the time that succeeded the period of harvesting. The Vulgate indeed connects the clause with the following verse, and renders it, "After she returned to her mother-in-law," pointing the verb thus וַתָּשָׁב instead of וַתֵּשֶׁב. The same translation is given to the verb by Luther and Coverdale. But there is no evidence whatever that Ruth slept anywhere else than under her mother-in-law's roof. The clause was written, apparently, for the very purpose of bringing out clearly before the mind of the reader her stainless innocence, and sweet simplicity, and never-tiring devotion to her noble mother-in-law.



2:17-23 It encourages industry, that in all labour, even that of gleaning, there is profit. Ruth was pleased with what she gained by her own industry, and was careful to secure it. Let us thus take care that we lose not those things which we have wrought, which we have gained for our souls' good, 2Jo 1:8. Parents should examine their children, as Naomi did, not to frighten or discourage them, so as to make them hate home, or tempt them to tell a lie; but to commend them if they have done well, and with mildness to reprove and caution them if they have done otherwise. It is a good question for us to ask ourselves every night, Where have I gleaned to-day? What improvement have I made in knowledge and grace? What have I done that will turn to a good account? When the Lord deals bountifully with us, let us not be found in any other field, nor seeking for happiness and satisfaction in the creature. We lose Divine favours, if we slight them. Ruth dutifully observed her mother's directions. And when the harvest was ended, she kept her aged mother company at home. Dinah went out to see the daughters of the land; her vanity ended in disgrace, Ge 34. Ruth kept at home, and helped to maintain her mother, and went out on no other errand than to get provision for her; her humility and industry ended in preferment.
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Alphabetical: and barley Boaz by close end finished girls glean harvest harvests her in lived maids mother-in-law of order Ruth servant she So stayed the to until were wheat with

OT History: Ruth 2:23 So she kept fast by the maidens (Ru Rut.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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