Proverbs 27:17
New International Version
As iron sharpens iron, so one person sharpens another.

New Living Translation
As iron sharpens iron, so a friend sharpens a friend.

English Standard Version
Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.

Berean Study Bible
As iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another.

New American Standard Bible
Iron sharpens iron, So one man sharpens another.

New King James Version
As iron sharpens iron, So a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

King James Bible
Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Christian Standard Bible
Iron sharpens iron, and one person sharpens another.

Contemporary English Version
Just as iron sharpens iron, friends sharpen the minds of each other.

Good News Translation
People learn from one another, just as iron sharpens iron.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.

International Standard Version
Iron sharpens iron; so a man sharpens a friend's character.

NET Bible
As iron sharpens iron, so a person sharpens his friend.

New Heart English Bible
Iron sharpens iron; so a man sharpens his friend's countenance.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Iron sharpens iron, and a man sharpens the person of his neighbor.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[As] iron sharpens iron, so one person sharpens the wits of another.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Iron sharpeneth iron; So a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

New American Standard 1977
Iron sharpens iron, So one man sharpens another.

King James 2000 Bible
Iron sharpens iron; so a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

American King James Version
Iron sharpens iron; so a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

American Standard Version
Iron sharpeneth iron; So a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Iron sharpens iron; and a man sharpens his friend's countenance.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Iron sharpeneth iron, so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Darby Bible Translation
Iron is sharpened by iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

English Revised Version
Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

Webster's Bible Translation
Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.

World English Bible
Iron sharpens iron; so a man sharpens his friend's countenance.

Young's Literal Translation
Iron by iron is sharpened, And a man sharpens the face of his friend.
Study Bible
Do not Boast about Tomorrow
16restraining her is like holding back the wind or grasping oil with one’s right hand. 17As iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another. 18Whoever tends a fig tree will eat its fruit, and he who looks after his master will be honored.…
Cross References
Proverbs 27:16
restraining her is like holding back the wind or grasping oil with one's right hand.

Proverbs 27:18
Whoever tends a fig tree will eat its fruit, and he who looks after his master will be honored.

Treasury of Scripture

Iron sharpens iron; so a man sharpens the countenance of his friend.

iron

1 Samuel 13:20,21
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock…

Joshua 1:18
Whosoever he be that doth rebel against thy commandment, and will not hearken unto thy words in all that thou commandest him, he shall be put to death: only be strong and of a good courage.

Joshua 2:24
And they said unto Joshua, Truly the LORD hath delivered into our hands all the land; for even all the inhabitants of the country do faint because of us.

1 Samuel 11:9,10
And they said unto the messengers that came, Thus shall ye say unto the men of Jabeshgilead, To morrow, by that time the sun be hot, ye shall have help. And the messengers came and shewed it to the men of Jabesh; and they were glad…





Lexicon
As iron
בַּרְזֶ֣ל (bar·zel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1270: Iron, an iron implement

sharpens
יָ֑חַד (yā·ḥaḏ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2300: To be, sharp, severe

iron,
בְּבַרְזֶ֣ל (bə·ḇar·zel)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1270: Iron, an iron implement

so one man
וְ֝אִ֗ישׁ (wə·’îš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

sharpens
יַ֣חַד (ya·ḥaḏ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2300: To be, sharp, severe

another.
רֵעֵֽהוּ׃ (rê·‘ê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow
(17) So a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend--i.e., the play of wit with wit sharpens and brightens up the face.

Verse 17. - Iron sharpeneth iron. The proverb deals with the influence which men have upon one another. So a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend. So the Vulgate, Homo exacuit faciem amici sui. The action of the file is probably meant (1 Samuel 13:21); and the writer names iron as the sharpener rather than the whetstone, because he wishes to denote that one man is of the same nature as another, and that this identity is that which makes mutual action possible and advantageous. Some have taken the proverb in a bad sense, as if it meant that one angry word leads to another, one man's passion excites another's rage. Thus Aben Ezra. The Septuagint perhaps supports this notion by rendering, Ἀνὴρ δὲ παροξύνει πρόσωπον ἑταίρου. But the best commentators understand the maxim to say that intercourse with other men influences the manner, appearance, deportment, and character of a man, sharpens his wits, controls his conduct, and brightens his very face. Horace uses the same figure of speech, 'Ars Poet.,' 304 -

"Fungar vice cotis, acutum
Reddere quae ferrum valet, exsors ipsa secaudi."
On the subject of mutual intercourse Euripides says, 'Androm.,' 683 -

Ἡ δ ὁμυλία
Πάντων βροτοῖσι γίγνεται διδάσκαλος

"Companionship
Is that which teaches mortals everything."
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