1 Samuel 13:20
New International Version
So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plow points, mattocks, axes and sickles sharpened.

New Living Translation
So whenever the Israelites needed to sharpen their plowshares, picks, axes, or sickles, they had to take them to a Philistine blacksmith.

English Standard Version
But every one of the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, or his sickle,

Berean Study Bible
Instead, all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen their plowshares, mattocks, axes, and sickles.

New American Standard Bible
So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.

King James Bible
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.

Christian Standard Bible
So all the Israelites went to the Philistines to sharpen their plows, mattocks, axes, and sickles.

Good News Translation
The Israelites had to go to the Philistines to get their plows, hoes, axes, and sickles sharpened;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So all the Israelites went to the Philistines to sharpen their plows, mattocks, axes, and sickles.

International Standard Version
Everyone in Israel would have to go to the Philistines so each person could sharpen his plow, his mattock, his axe, and his sickle.

NET Bible
So all Israel had to go down to the Philistines in order to get their plowshares, cutting instruments, axes, and sickles sharpened.

New Heart English Bible
But all Israel would go down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, mattock, axe, and sickle;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Everyone in Israel had to go to the Philistines to sharpen the blade of his plow, his mattock, ax, or sickle.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his plowshare, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock.

New American Standard 1977
So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen each man his share and his coulter and his axe and his mattock

King James 2000 Bible
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his plowshare, and his mattock, and his ax, and his sickle.

American King James Version
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his ax, and his mattock.

American Standard Version
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And all Israel went down to the Land of the Philistines to forge every one his reaping-hook and his tool, and every one his axe and his sickle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So all Israel went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his ploughshare, and his spade, and his axe, and his rake.

Darby Bible Translation
And all Israel went down to the Philistines, every man to get his ploughshare, and his hoe, and his axe, and his sickle sharpened,

English Revised Version
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;

Webster's Bible Translation
But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his colter, and his ax, and his mattock.

World English Bible
but all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his plowshare, mattock, axe, and sickle;

Young's Literal Translation
and all Israel go down to the Philistines, to sharpen each his ploughshare, and his coulter, and his axe, and his mattock;
Study Bible
Israel Without Weapons
19And no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, “The Hebrews must not be allowed to make swords or spears.” 20Instead, all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen their plowshares, mattocks, axes, and sickles. 21The charge was a pim for the plowshares and mattocks, and a third of a pim for the pitchforks and axes and for repointing an oxgoad.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:41
when I sharpen My flashing sword, and My hand grasps it in judgment, I will take vengeance on My adversaries and repay those who hate Me.

1 Samuel 13:19
And no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, "The Hebrews must not be allowed to make swords or spears."

1 Samuel 13:21
The charge was a pim for the plowshares and mattocks, and a third of a pim for the pitchforks and axes and for repointing an oxgoad.

2 Chronicles 34:6
Josiah did the same in the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, and Simeon, as far as Naphtali, and on their surrounding ruins.

Treasury of Scripture

But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his coulter, and his ax, and his mattock.







Lexicon
Instead, all
כָל־ (ḵāl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the Israelites
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

would go down
וַיֵּרְד֥וּ (way·yê·rə·ḏū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

to the Philistines
הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים (hap·pə·liš·tîm)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

to sharpen
לִ֠לְטוֹשׁ (lil·ṭō·wōš)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 3913: To hammer out, to sharpen

their plowshares,
מַחֲרַשְׁתּ֤וֹ (ma·ḥă·raš·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4282: Share

mattocks,
אֵתוֹ֙ (’ê·ṯōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 855: A hoe, other digging implement

axes,
קַרְדֻּמּ֔וֹ (qar·dum·mōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7134: An axe

and sickles.
מַחֲרֵשָׁתֽוֹ׃ (ma·ḥă·rê·šā·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4281: A plowshare
(20) To sharpen every man his share, and his coulter.--Porsenna, we read, in the time of the wars of the Republic, allowed the Romans iron implements for agriculture only. Coulter.--In Isaiah 2:4, Joel 3:10, this word is rendered "ploughshares "; so most of the older versions. We cannot now with any precision distinguish between these two implements of tillage.

And his mattock.--Jerome renders the Hebrew word here by "hoe" (sarculum). It was probably a kind of heavy hoe, used for turning up the ground.

Verse 20. - The Israelites went down to the Philistines. I.e. to their land. This could only have applied to the districts near the Philistines, unless we suppose that they set up forges also at their garrisons. To sharpen. The verb chiefly refers to such work as required an anvil and hammer. As regards the implements, not only do the versions disagree in their renderings, but the Septuagint has a very curious different reading, to the effect that at harvest time the Israelites had to pay the Philistines three shekels for repairing and whetting their tools. The share is more probably a sickle. The coulter is certainly a ploughshare, as rendered in Isaiah 2:4; Joel 3:10. Of the ax there is no doubt; and the mattock is a heavy hoe for turning up the ground, as spades for that purpose are scarcely anywhere used, except in our own country. 13:15-23 See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. How impolitic Saul was, who did not, in the beginning of his reign, set himself to redress this. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. Miserable is a guilty, defenceless nation; much more those who are destitute of the whole armour of God.
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Alphabetical: all and axe axes down each have his hoe Israel mattock mattocks Philistines plowshare plowshares sharpen sharpened sickles So the their to went

OT History: 1 Samuel 13:20 But all the Israelites went down (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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