1 Samuel 13:17
New International Version
Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual,

New Living Translation
Three raiding parties soon left the camp of the Philistines. One went north toward Ophrah in the land of Shual,

English Standard Version
And raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. One company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual;

Berean Study Bible
And raiders went out of the Philistine camp in three divisions. One headed toward Ophrah in the land of Shual,

King James Bible
And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:

New King James Version
Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. One company turned onto the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

New American Standard Bible
Then raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

NASB 1995
And the raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

NASB 1977
And the raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

Amplified Bible
And the raiding party came from the Philistine camp in three companies: one company turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

Christian Standard Bible
Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three divisions. One division headed toward the Ophrah road leading to the land of Shual.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three divisions. One division headed toward the Ophrah road leading to the land of Shual.

American Standard Version
And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the destroyers went out from the camp of the Philistines three companies; one company of them went on the road of Aphar to the land of Sheguil

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And men came forth to destroy out of the land of the Philistines in three companies; one company turning by the way of Gophera toward the land of Sogal,

Contemporary English Version
Each day they sent out patrols to attack and rob villages and then destroy them. One patrol would go north along the road to Ophrah in the region of Shual.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there went out of the camp of the Philistines three companies to plunder. One company went towards the way of Ephra to the land of Sual;

English Revised Version
And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:

Good News Translation
The Philistine soldiers went out on raids from their camp in three groups: one group went toward Ophrah in the territory of Shual,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Raiding parties left the Philistine camp in three columns. One column turned onto the road to Ophrah to the region of Shual.

International Standard Version
Raiders went out of the Philistine camp in three companies. One company turned in the direction of Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual;

Literal Standard Version
And the destroyer goes out from the camp of the Philistines—three detachments: one detachment turns to the way of Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

NET Bible
Raiding bands went out from the camp of the Philistines in three groups. One band turned toward the road leading to Ophrah by the land of Shual;

New Heart English Bible
The spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned to the way that leads to Ophrah, to the land of Shual;

World English Bible
The spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned to the way that leads to Ophrah, to the land of Shual;

Young's Literal Translation
And the destroyer goeth out from the camp of the Philistines -- three detachments; the one detachment turneth unto the way of Ophrah, unto the land of Shual;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Israel Without Weapons
16Now Saul and Jonathan his son and the troops with them were staying in Geba of Benjamin, while the Philistines camped at Michmash. 17And raiders went out of the Philistine camp in three divisions. One headed toward Ophrah in the land of Shual, 18another toward Beth-horon, and the third down the border road overlooking the Valley of Zeboim facing the wilderness.…

Cross References
Joshua 18:23
Avvim, Parah, Ophrah,

1 Samuel 14:15
Then terror struck the Philistines in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Even those in the outposts and raiding parties trembled. Indeed, the earth quaked and panic spread from God.


Treasury of Scripture

And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned to the way that leads to Ophrah, to the land of Shual:

in three companies

1 Samuel 11:11
And it was so on the morrow, that Saul put the people in three companies; and they came into the midst of the host in the morning watch, and slew the Ammonites until the heat of the day: and it came to pass, that they which remained were scattered, so that two of them were not left together.

Ophrah

Joshua 18:23
And Avim, and Parah, and Ophrah,

Shual

Joshua 19:3
And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem,









(17) And the spoilers came out.--The compiler of these Books of Samuel does not profess to give a detailed account of this or any of the wars of Saul It would seem that the Philistines, with their great armed demonstration (1Samuel 13:5), had completely cowed the Israelites, certainly in the southern part of Canaan. Probably the allied forces were now suffered to leave the Philistine host, and we next hear of the old raids re-commencing. The three companies spoken of in this and the next verse were directed to ravage districts in the tribe of Benjamin, for in that locality are situated all the places mentioned. Unchecked, they seem to have carried out their plans. These armed companies swept away all the smithies in the south part of the land. The fortunes of Saul now reached their lowest ebb. "The heights of his own tribe . . . and the passes of his own tribe were occupied by hostile garrisons. We see him leaning on his gigantic spear, whether it be on the summit of the Rock Rimmon . . . or under the tamarisk of Ramah . . . or on the heights of Gibeah. There he stood with his small band, the faithful six hundred, and as he wept aloud over the misfortunes of his country . . . another voice swelled the wild, indignant lament--the voice of Jonathan, his son."--Dean Stanley: Lectures on the Jewish Church.

Verses 17, 18 - The spoilers. The conduct of the Philistines is that of men over confident in their strength. They ought to have pounced at once upon Saul in the plain of Jordan, where their cavalry would have secured for them the victory, and then, following Samuel's and Saul's route, have seized the other end of the defile, and overpowered Jonathan. But they despised them both, and regarding the country as conquered, proceed to punish it, as probably they had cone on previous occasions, when no one had dared to make resistance. Leaving then the main army to guard the camp at Michmash, they sent out light armed troops to plunder the whole land. One company turned unto the way... to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual. This company went northward, towards Ophrah, a place five miles east of Bethel. The land of Shual, i.e. fox land, was probably the same as the land of Shalim in 1 Samuel 9:4. Another company, etc. This went eastward, towards Beth-heron, for which see Joshua 10:11. The third went to the south east, towards the wilderness of Judaea. Zeboim, and all the places mentioned, are in the tribe of Benjamin, which had committed the offence of making for itself a king. To the south Saul held the mountain fastnesses towards Jerusalem. DESCRIPTION OF ISRAEL'S EXTREME STATE OF OPPRESSION (vers. 19-23).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And raiders
הַמַּשְׁחִ֛ית (ham·maš·ḥîṯ)
Article | Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7843: Perhaps to go to ruin

went out
וַיֵּצֵ֧א (way·yê·ṣê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

of the Philistine
פְלִשְׁתִּ֖ים (p̄ə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

camp
מִמַּחֲנֵ֥ה (mim·ma·ḥă·nêh)
Preposition-m | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 4264: An encampment, an army

in three
שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה (šə·lō·šāh)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 7969: Three, third, thrice

divisions.
רָאשִׁ֑ים (rā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 7218: The head

One
אֶחָ֥ד (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 259: United, one, first

headed
יִפְנֶ֛ה (yip̄·neh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6437: To turn, to face, appear, look

toward
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Ophrah
עָפְרָ֖ה (‘ā·p̄ə·rāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6084: Ophrah -- an Israelite, also two places in Israel

in the land
אֶ֥רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 776: Earth, land

of Shual,
שׁוּעָֽל׃ (šū·‘āl)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 7777: Shual -- 'fox', a district in Israel


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OT History: 1 Samuel 13:17 The spoilers came out of the camp (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 13:16
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