Judges 7:16
New International Version
Dividing the three hundred men into three companies, he placed trumpets and empty jars in the hands of all of them, with torches inside.

New Living Translation
He divided the 300 men into three groups and gave each man a ram's horn and a clay jar with a torch in it.

English Standard Version
And he divided the 300 men into three companies and put trumpets into the hands of all of them and empty jars, with torches inside the jars.

Berean Study Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies and gave each man a trumpet in one hand and a large jar in the other, containing a torch.

New American Standard Bible
He divided the 300 men into three companies, and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers.

King James Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he divided the three hundred men into three companies and gave each of the men a trumpet in one hand and an empty pitcher with a torch inside it in the other hand.

Contemporary English Version
Gideon divided his little army into three groups of 100 men, and he gave each soldier a trumpet and a large clay jar with a burning torch inside.

Good News Translation
He divided his three hundred men into three groups and gave each man a trumpet and a jar with a torch inside it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he divided the 300 men into three companies and gave each of the men a trumpet in one hand and an empty pitcher with a torch inside it in the other."

International Standard Version
Then he separated the 300 men into three companies, gave them each trumpets to carry, along with jars into which he placed lit torches.

NET Bible
He divided the three hundred men into three units. He gave them all trumpets and empty jars with torches inside them.

New Heart English Bible
He divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Gideon divided the 300 men into three companies. He gave them each rams' horns and jars with torches inside.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them horns, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

New American Standard 1977
And he divided the 300 men into three companies, and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And dividing the three hundred men into three companies, he put a shofar in each man's hand with empty pitchers and torches burning within the pitchers.

King James 2000 Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

American King James Version
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

American Standard Version
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and put horns in the hands of all, and empty pitchers, and torches in the pitchers:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three parts, and gave them trumpets in their hands, and empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

Darby Bible Translation
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, and empty pitchers, and torches within the pitchers.

English Revised Version
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

World English Bible
He divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

Young's Literal Translation
And he divideth the three hundred men into three detachments, and putteth trumpets into the hand of all of them, and empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.
Study Bible
Gideon Defeats Midian
15When Gideon heard the dream and its interpretation, he bowed in worship. He returned to the camp of Israel and said, “Get up, for the LORD has delivered the camp of Midian into your hands.” 16And he divided the three hundred men into three companies and gave each man a trumpet in one hand and a large jar in the other, containing a torch. 17“Watch me and do as I do,” Gideon said. “When I come to the outskirts of the camp, do exactly as I do.…
Cross References
Genesis 14:15
During the night, Abram divided his forces and routed Chedorlaomer's army, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus.

Judges 7:15
When Gideon heard the dream and its interpretation, he bowed in worship. He returned to the camp of Israel and said, "Get up, for the LORD has delivered the camp of Midian into your hands."

Judges 7:17
"Watch me and do as I do," Gideon said. "When I come to the outskirts of the camp, do exactly as I do.

1 Samuel 11:11
The next day Saul organized the troops into three divisions, and during the morning watch they invaded the camp of the Ammonites and slaughtered them until the hottest part of the day. And the survivors were so scattered that no two of them were left together.

2 Samuel 18:2
He sent out the troops, a third under Joab, a third under Joab's brother Abishai son of Zeruiah, and a third under Ittai the Gittite. And the king said to the troops, "I will surely march out with you as well."

Treasury of Scripture

And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

three companies.

2 Corinthians 4:7
But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.

lamps.







Lexicon
And he divided
וַיַּ֛חַץ (way·ya·ḥaṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2673: To cut, split in two, to halve

the three
שְׁלֹשׁ־ (šə·lōš-)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

hundred
מֵא֥וֹת (mê·’ō·wṯ)
Number - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3967: A hundred

men
הָאִ֖ישׁ (hā·’îš)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

into three
שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה (šə·lō·šāh)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7969: Three, third, thrice

companies
רָאשִׁ֑ים (rā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

and gave
וַיִּתֵּ֨ן (way·yit·tên)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

each man
כֻּלָּם֙ (kul·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

a trumpet
שׁוֹפָר֤וֹת (šō·w·p̄ā·rō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7782: A cornet, curved horn

in one hand
בְּיַד־ (bə·yaḏ-)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

and a large jar [in the other],
וְכַדִּ֣ים (wə·ḵad·dîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3537: A pail, earthenware, a jar

containing
בְּת֥וֹךְ (bə·ṯō·wḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8432: A bisection, the centre

a torch.
וְלַפִּדִ֖ים (wə·lap·pi·ḏîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3940: A flambeau, lamp, flame
(16) Into three companies.--See Judges 9:43. This division of the attacking force was a common stratagem. We find it in Job 1:17--"the Chaldaeans made out three bands "--and it was adopted by Saul against the Ammonites (1Samuel 11:11), and by David against Absalom (2Samuel 18:2). (Comp. Genesis 14:15.)

A trumpet.--Hearing the sound of three hundred rams' horns, the Midianites would naturally suppose that they were being attacked by three hundred companies.

Pitchers.--The Hebrew word is caddim, which is connected with our cask--the Greek, kados. They were of earthenware (Judges 7:19-20), (LXX., hydrias), and hence the Vulgate rendering (lagenas) is mistaken.

Lamps.--The LXX., perhaps, chose the word lampadas from its resemblance to lappidim--a principle by which they are often guided. Lampadas, however, here means not "lamps," but (as the margin gives it) "firebrands," or "torches." The best illustration is furnished by a passage in Lane's Modern Egyptians (I., Judges 4), where he tells us that the zabit or agha of the police in Cairo carries with him at night "a torch, which burns, soon after it is lighted, without a flame, excepting when it is waved through the air, when it suddenly blazes forth: it therefore answers the same purpose as our dark lantern. The burning end is sometimes concealed in a small pot or jar, or covered with something else when not required to give light." These torches are simply of wood dipped in turpentine or pitch, which are not easily extinguished.

Verse 16. - Trumpets, which had been collected from the whole army (ver. 8, note). Lamps. Rather, as in the margin, torches, within the pitchers, so as not to be seen till the pitchers were broken, when the torches would flare with a sudden blaze. The pitchers were vessels for drawing water, as appears from Genesis 24:14, 16, 18, 20. They were doubtless of earthenware, as they were so easily broken. 7:16-22 This method of defeating the Midianites may be alluded to, as exemplifying the destruction of the devil's kingdom in the world, by the preaching of the everlasting gospel, the sounding that trumpet, and the holding forth that light out of earthen vessels, for such are the ministers of the gospel, 2Co 4:6,7. God chose the foolish things of the world to confound the wise, a barley-cake to overthrow the tents of Midian, that the excellency of the power might be of God only. The gospel is a sword, not in the hand, but in the mouth: the sword of the Lord and of Gideon; of God and Jesus Christ, of Him that sits on the throne and the Lamb. The wicked are often led to avenge the cause of God upon each other, under the power of their delusions, and the fury of their passions. See also how God often makes the enemies of the church instruments to destroy one another; it is a pity that the church's friends should ever act like them.
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Alphabetical: all and companies divided Dividing empty hands he hundred in inside into jars men of pitchers placed put the them three torches trumpets with

OT History: Judges 7:16 He divided the three hundred men into (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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