Matthew 5:14
New International Version
"You are the light of the world. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden.

New Living Translation
"You are the light of the world--like a city on a hilltop that cannot be hidden.

English Standard Version
“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden.

Berean Study Bible
You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden.

Berean Literal Bible
You are the light of the world. A city lying on a hill is unable to be hidden.

New American Standard Bible
"You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden;

King James Bible
Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.

Christian Standard Bible
"You are the light of the world. A city situated on a hill cannot be hidden.

Contemporary English Version
You are the light for the whole world. A city built on top of a hill cannot be hidden,

Good News Translation
"You are like light for the whole world. A city built on a hill cannot be hid.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"You are the light of the world. A city situated on a hill cannot be hidden.

International Standard Version
"You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill can't be hidden.

NET Bible
You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill cannot be hidden.

New Heart English Bible
You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill cannot be hidden.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You are the light of the world. You cannot hide a city that has been built upon a mountain.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"You are light for the world. A city cannot be hidden when it is located on a hill.

New American Standard 1977
“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye are the light of the world. A city set upon a mountain cannot be hid.

King James 2000 Bible
You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid.

American King James Version
You are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.

American Standard Version
Ye are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid.

Douay-Rheims Bible
You are the light of the world. A city seated on a mountain cannot be hid.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye are the light of the world: a city situated on the top of a mountain cannot be hid.

English Revised Version
Ye are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid.

Weymouth New Testament
*You* are the light of the world; a town cannot be hid if built on a hill-top.

World English Bible
You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill can't be hidden.

Young's Literal Translation
'Ye are the light of the world, a city set upon a mount is not able to be hid;
Study Bible
Salt and Light
13You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its savor, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled by men. 14You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden. 15Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a basket. Instead, they set it on a lampstand, and it gives light to everyone in the house.…
Cross References
Proverbs 4:18
The path of the righteous is like the first gleam of dawn, shining brighter and brighter until midday.

John 8:12
Once again, Jesus spoke to the people and said, "I am the light of the world. Whoever follows Me will never walk in the darkness, but will have the light of life."

John 9:5
While I am in the world, I am the light of the world."

John 12:36
While you have the Light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of light." After Jesus had spoken these things, He went away and was hidden from them.

Philippians 2:15
so that you may be blameless and pure, children of God without fault in a crooked and perverse generation, in which you shine as lights in the world

Revelation 1:20
This is the mystery of the seven stars you saw in My right hand and of the seven golden lampstands: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.

Revelation 2:5
Therefore, keep in mind how far you have fallen. Repent and perform the deeds you did at first. But if you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand from its place.

Treasury of Scripture

You are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.

the light.

Proverbs 4:18
But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.

John 5:35
He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.

John 12:36
While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.

a city.

Genesis 11:4-8
And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth…

Revelation 21:14
And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.







Lexicon
You
Ὑμεῖς (Hymeis)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

are
ἐστε (este)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

light
φῶς (phōs)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5457: Light, a source of light, radiance. From an obsolete phao; luminousness.

of the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

world.
κόσμου (kosmou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2889: Probably from the base of komizo; orderly arrangement, i.e. Decoration; by implication, the world (morally).

A city
πόλις (polis)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4172: A city, the inhabitants of a city. Probably from the same as polemos, or perhaps from polus; a town.

on
ἐπάνω (epanō)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1883: From epi and ano; up above, i.e. Over or on.

a hill
ὄρους (orous)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3735: A mountain, hill. Probably from an obsolete oro; a mountain: -hill, mount(-ain).

cannot
δύναται (dynatai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1410: (a) I am powerful, have (the) power, (b) I am able, I can. Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.

be hidden.
κρυβῆναι (krybēnai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Passive
Strong's Greek 2928: To hide, conceal, lay up. A primary verb; to conceal.
(14) The light of the world.--In its highest or truest sense the word belongs to Christ, and to Him only (John 1:9; John 8:12). The comparison to the "candle" or "lamp" in Matthew 5:15 shows, indeed, that even here the disciples are spoken of as shining in the world with a derived brightness flowing to them from the Fount of light.

A city that is set on an hill.--Assuming the Sermon on the Mount to have been preached from one of the hills of Galilee near the "horns of Hattin," our Lord may have looked or pointed at Safed, 2,650 feet above the sea, commanding one of the grandest panoramic views in Palestine. It is now one of the four holy cities of the Jews, and probably existed as a fortress in our Lord's time (Thomson's The Land and the Book, p. 273). The imagery might, however, come from the prophetic visions of the Zion of the future, idealising the position of the actual Zion (Isaiah 2:2; Micah 4:1). No image could so vividly set forth the calling of the Church of Christ as a visible society. For good or for evil, it could not fail to be prominent in the world's history, a city of refuge for the weary, or open to the attacks of the invader.

Verse 14. - Matthew only. Ye are the light of the world. After speaking of the moral tone that the disciples were to give to the world, in contrast to sin in its corrupting power, Christ refers to them as enlightening, in contrast to sin as darkness and ignorance. Our Lord further naturally exchanges the term "the earth" (which from its strong materialism had suited the figure of the salt) for "the world" - a phrase which must, indeed, as regards the disciples, be limited to this earth, but as regards the light, need not be limited to less than the solar system. In other words, the simple reason why he exchanges "earth" for "world" is that they are respectively the best suited to the figure employed. Notice that Christ never applies the former figure, of salt, to himself; but the latter, of light, once or twice, especially John 8:12, where, since he is speaking of himself, and not of others, he adds the thought of life being connected with light, a city, etc.; literally, a city cannot be hid when set on a mountain. It seems at first slightly awkward to introduce the figure of a city between those of the sun and the lamp, both these having to do with light. The reason is that the city is not considered as such, but only as an object which can be teen, and which cannot (οὐ δύναται, emphatic) from its physical conditions avoid being seen. There is a true gradation in the thought of influence. The sun must be seen by all; the city, by the whole neighbourhood; the lamp, by the family. Our Lord comes from the general to the particular; from what is almost theory, at best a matter of hope and faith, to hard fact and practice. The influence you are to have - if it is to be for the whole world, as indeed it is, must be felt in the neighbourhood in which you live, and a fortiori in the immediate circle of your own home. Conjectures have been made whether any one city can reasonably be mentioned as being in sight, and so having suggested this image to our Lord. If the exact spot where he was then sitting were itself certain, such conjectures might be worth considering. But, in fact, so many "cities" in Palestine were set on hills that the inquiry seems vain. Safed, some twelve miles north-west of Capernaum, the view from which extends to Tiberias (Neubaur, 'Geogr.,' p. 228), has been accepted by many, but evidence is lacking for it having been a city at that time. Tabor, at the south-west of the lake, has also been thought of, and at all events seems to have been then a fortified town. The view from it is even more extensive than from Safed (vide especially Socin's Baedeker, p. 365). 5:13-16 Ye are the salt of the earth. Mankind, lying in ignorance and wickedness, were as a vast heap, ready to putrify; but Christ sent forth his disciples, by their lives and doctrines to season it with knowledge and grace. If they are not such as they should be, they are as salt that has lost its savour. If a man can take up the profession of Christ, and yet remain graceless, no other doctrine, no other means, can make him profitable. Our light must shine, by doing such good works as men may see. What is between God and our souls, must be kept to ourselves; but that which is of itself open to the sight of men, we must study to make suitable to our profession, and praiseworthy. We must aim at the glory of God.
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