Matthew 5:35
New International Version
or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King.

New Living Translation
And do not say, 'By the earth!' because the earth is his footstool. And do not say, 'By Jerusalem!' for Jerusalem is the city of the great King.

English Standard Version
or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Berean Study Bible
or by the earth, for it is His footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Berean Literal Bible
nor by the earth, because it is the footstool of His feet; nor by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King.

New American Standard Bible
or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING.

King James Bible
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

Christian Standard Bible
or by the earth, because it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King.

Contemporary English Version
The earth is God's footstool, so don't swear by the earth. Jerusalem is the city of the great king, so don't swear by it.

Good News Translation
nor by earth, for it is the resting place for his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
or by the earth, because it is His footstool; or by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King.

International Standard Version
nor by the earth, because it is his footstool, nor by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great King.

NET Bible
not by earth, because it is his footstool, and not by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great King.

New Heart English Bible
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither by the earth, for it is his stool for his feet, nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
or by the earth, which is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, which is the city of the great King.

New American Standard 1977
or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING.

Jubilee Bible 2000
nor by the earth, for it is his footstool, neither by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

King James 2000 Bible
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

American King James Version
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

American Standard Version
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Nor by the earth, for it is his footstool: nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king:

Darby Bible Translation
nor by the earth, because it is [the] footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, because it is [the] city of the great King.

English Revised Version
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Webster's Bible Translation
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King,

Weymouth New Testament
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool under His feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the City of the Great King.

World English Bible
nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

Young's Literal Translation
nor by the earth, because it is His footstool, nor by Jerusalem, because it is a city of a great king,
Study Bible
Oaths and Vows
34But I tell you not to swear at all: either by heaven, for it is God’s throne; 35or by the earth, for it is His footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. 36Nor should you swear by your head, for you cannot make a single hair white or black.…
Cross References
Psalm 48:2
Beautiful in loftiness, the joy of all the earth, like the peaks of Zaphron is Mount Zion, the city of the great King.

Isaiah 66:1
This is what the LORD says: "Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool. What kind of house will you build for Me? Or where will be My place of repose?

Matthew 5:36
Nor should you swear by your head, for you cannot make a single hair white or black.

Acts 7:49
Heaven is My throne and the earth is My footstool. What kind of house will you build for Me, says the Lord, or where will My place of repose be?

Treasury of Scripture

Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

the earth.

Psalm 99:5
Exalt ye the LORD our God, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy.

the city.

2 Chronicles 6:6
But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.

Psalm 48:2
Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King.

Psalm 87:2
The LORD loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob.







Lexicon
[or]
μήτε (mēte)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3383: Nor, neither, not even, neither�nor. From me and te; not too, i.e. neither or nor; also, not even.

by
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῇ (tē)
Article - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

earth,
γῇ (gē)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1093: Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe.

for
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

it is
ἐστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

His footstool;
ὑποπόδιόν (hypopodion)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5286: A footstool. Neuter of a compound of hupo and pous; something under the feet, i.e. A foot-rest.

[or]
μήτε (mēte)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3383: Nor, neither, not even, neither�nor. From me and te; not too, i.e. neither or nor; also, not even.

by
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

Jerusalem,
Ἱεροσόλυμα (Hierosolyma)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 2414: The Greek form of the Hebrew name: Jerusalem. Of Hebrew origin; Hierosolyma

for
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

it is
ἐστὶν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

[the] city
πόλις (polis)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4172: A city, the inhabitants of a city. Probably from the same as polemos, or perhaps from polus; a town.

of the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

great
μεγάλου (megalou)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3173: Large, great, in the widest sense.

King.
Βασιλέως (Basileōs)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 935: A king, ruler, but in some passages clearly to be translated: emperor. Probably from basis; a sovereign.
Verse 35. - Nor by Jerusalem. The Hebraistic ἐν is here exchanged for the less unclassical εἰς, the reason, perhaps, being that definite direction of one's thought towards Jerusalem was, as it seems, insisted upon by some. "Rabbi Judah saith, He that saith, By Jerusalem, saith nothing, unless with an intent purpose he shall vow towards Jerusalem" (Tosipht., 'Ned.,' 1, in Lightfoot,' Her Hebr.'). So Revised Version margin, toward. For it is the city, etc. (Psalm 48:2). 5:33-37 There is no reason to consider that solemn oaths in a court of justice, or on other proper occasions, are wrong, provided they are taken with due reverence. But all oaths taken without necessity, or in common conversation, must be sinful, as well as all those expressions which are appeals to God, though persons think thereby to evade the guilt of swearing. The worse men are, the less they are bound by oaths; the better they are, the less there is need for them. Our Lord does not enjoin the precise terms wherein we are to affirm or deny, but such a constant regard to truth as would render oaths unnecessary.
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Matthew 5:34
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