Matthew 5:37
New International Version
All you need to say is simply 'Yes' or 'No'; anything beyond this comes from the evil one.

New Living Translation
Just say a simple, 'Yes, I will,' or 'No, I won't.' Anything beyond this is from the evil one.

English Standard Version
Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil.

Berean Study Bible
Simply let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ Anything more comes from the evil one.

Berean Literal Bible
But let your statement 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and 'No,' 'No.' Anything more than these comes from evil.

New American Standard Bible
"But let your statement be, 'Yes, yes ' or 'No, no'; anything beyond these is of evil.

King James Bible
But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.

Christian Standard Bible
But let your 'yes' mean 'yes,' and your 'no' mean 'no.' Anything more than this is from the evil one.

Contemporary English Version
When you make a promise, say only "Yes" or "No." Anything else comes from the devil.

Good News Translation
Just say 'Yes' or 'No'--anything else you say comes from the Evil One.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But let your word 'yes be 'yes,' and your 'no be 'no.' Anything more than this is from the evil one.

International Standard Version
Instead, let your message be 'Yes' for 'Yes' and 'No' for 'No.' Anything more than that comes from the evil one."

NET Bible
Let your word be 'Yes, yes' or 'No, no.' More than this is from the evil one.

New Heart English Bible
But let your 'Yes' be 'Yes' and your 'No' be 'No.' Whatever is more than these is of the evil one.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But your statement shall be, “Yes, yes” and, “No, no”; anything more than these is from The Evil One.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Simply say yes or no. Anything more than that comes from the evil one.

New American Standard 1977
“But let your statement be, ‘Yes, yes’ or ‘No, no’; and anything beyond these is of evil.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But let your communication be, Yes, yes; No, no; for whatsoever is more than this comes of evil.

King James 2000 Bible
But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these comes from evil.

American King James Version
But let your communication be, Yes, yes; No, no: for whatever is more than these comes of evil.

American Standard Version
But let your speech be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: and whatsoever is more than these is of the evil one .

Douay-Rheims Bible
But let your speech be yea, yea: no, no: and that which is over and above these, is of evil.

Darby Bible Translation
But let your word be Yea, yea; Nay, nay; but what is more than these is from evil.

English Revised Version
But let your speech be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: and whatsoever is more than these is of the evil one.

Webster's Bible Translation
But let your communication be, Yea, yea, Nay, nay: for whatever is more than these cometh of evil.

Weymouth New Testament
But let your language be, 'Yes, yes,' or 'No, no.' Anything in excess of this comes from the Evil one.

World English Bible
But let your 'Yes' be 'Yes' and your 'No' be 'No.' Whatever is more than these is of the evil one.

Young's Literal Translation
but let your word be, Yes, Yes, No, No, and that which is more than these is of the evil.
Study Bible
Oaths and Vows
36Nor should you swear by your head, for you cannot make a single hair white or black. 37Simply let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ Anything more comes from the evil one. 38You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye and tooth for tooth.’…
Cross References
Matthew 5:36
Nor should you swear by your head, for you cannot make a single hair white or black.

Matthew 6:13
And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.'

Matthew 13:19
When anyone hears the message of the kingdom but does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is the seed sown along the path.

Matthew 13:38
The field is the world, and the good seed represents the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one,

John 17:15
I am not asking that You take them out of the world, but that You keep them from the evil one.

Ephesians 6:16
In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one.

2 Thessalonians 3:3
But the Lord is faithful, and He will strengthen you and guard you from the evil one.

1 John 2:13
I am writing to you, fathers, because you know Him who is from the beginning. I am writing to you, young men, because you have overcome the evil one. I have written to you, children, because you know the Father.

1 John 3:12
Do not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he slay him? Because his own deeds were evil, while those of his brother were righteous.

1 John 5:18
We know that anyone born of God does not keep on sinning; the One who was born of God protects him, and the evil one cannot touch him.

Treasury of Scripture

But let your communication be, Yes, yes; No, no: for whatever is more than these comes of evil.

let.

2 Corinthians 1:17-20
When I therefore was thus minded, did I use lightness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be yea yea, and nay nay? …

Colossians 4:6
Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man.

James 5:12
But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

cometh.

Matthew 13:19
When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.

Matthew 15:19
For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:

John 8:44
Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.







Lexicon
Simply
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

let
ἔστω (estō)
Verb - Present Imperative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

your
ὑμῶν (hymōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

‘Yes’
Ναὶ (Nai)
Particle
Strong's Greek 3483: Yes, certainly, even so. A primary particle of strong affirmation; yes.

[be] ‘Yes,’
ναί (nai)
Particle
Strong's Greek 3483: Yes, certainly, even so. A primary particle of strong affirmation; yes.

[and your] ‘No,’
οὒ (ou)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

‘No.’
Οὔ (Ou)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

Anything
τὸ (to)
Article - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

more
περισσὸν (perisson)
Adjective - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4053: From peri; superabundant or superior; by implication, excessive; adverbially violently; neuter preeminence.

comes
ἐστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

from
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

evil [one].
πονηροῦ (ponērou)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4190: Evil, bad, wicked, malicious, slothful.
(37) Let your communication.--One of the few instances in which our translators seem to have preferred a somewhat pedantic Latin word for the more literal and homely English speech. (Comp. Luke 24:17.)

Yea, yea.--St. James reproduces the precept in James 5:12 of his Epistle, but the phrase is found in the Talmud, and was probably proverbial. In all common speech a man's words should be as good as his oath. Yes should mean yes, and No should mean no, even though there be no oath to strengthen it.

Cometh of evil.--The Greek may (as in the Lord's Prayer, "Deliver us from evil") be either neuter, "from evil in the abstract," or masculine, "from the evil one." With some hesitation, and guided chiefly by Matthew 13:19-38, I accept the latter as the more probable. These devices of fantastic oaths come not from Him who is the Truth, but from him who "when he speaketh a lie, speaketh of his own" (John 8:44).

Verse 37. - Your communication. Similarly, the Authorized Version in Ephesians 4:29, in archaic usage for "talk." Yea, yea; Nay, nay. Christ permits as far as the repetition of the asseveration. The adoption here by a few authorities of the phrase in James 5:12 ("Let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay," τὸ ναὶ ναὶ κ.τ.λ..)is unsuitable; for here the question is not of truthfulness, but of fervency in asseveration. Whatsoever is more than these; "that which is over and above these" (Rheims). There is a superfluity (περισσόν) in more fervent asseverations, which has its origin ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῖ. Cometh of evil. So the Revised Version margin, "as in ver. 39; 6:13.' Revised Version, is of the evil one (vide Matthew 6:13, note; and cf. 1 John 3:12). 5:33-37 There is no reason to consider that solemn oaths in a court of justice, or on other proper occasions, are wrong, provided they are taken with due reverence. But all oaths taken without necessity, or in common conversation, must be sinful, as well as all those expressions which are appeals to God, though persons think thereby to evade the guilt of swearing. The worse men are, the less they are bound by oaths; the better they are, the less there is need for them. Our Lord does not enjoin the precise terms wherein we are to affirm or deny, but such a constant regard to truth as would render oaths unnecessary.
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