Matthew 22:44
New International Version
"'The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet."'

New Living Translation
The LORD said to my Lord, Sit in the place of honor at my right hand until I humble your enemies beneath your feet.'

English Standard Version
“‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet”’?

Berean Study Bible
‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, until I put Your enemies under Your feet.”’

Berean Literal Bible
The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand, until I place Your enemies as a footstool for Your feet."'

New American Standard Bible
'THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD, "SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I PUT YOUR ENEMIES BENEATH YOUR FEET "'?

King James Bible
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?

Christian Standard Bible
The Lord declared to my Lord, 'Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet'?

Contemporary English Version
'The Lord said to my Lord: Sit at my right side until I make your enemies into a footstool for you.'

Good News Translation
'The Lord said to my Lord: Sit here at my right side until I put your enemies under your feet.'

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Lord declared to my Lord, Sit at My right hand until I put Your enemies under Your feet?

International Standard Version
The Lord told my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet."'?

NET Bible
The Lord said to my lord, "Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet"'?

New Heart English Bible
'The Lord said to my Lord, sit on my right hand, until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet'?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
'THE LORD JEHOVAH said to my Lord, 'sit at my right hand until I place your enemies under your feet'?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
'The Lord said to my Lord, "Take the highest position in heaven until I put your enemies under your control."'

New American Standard 1977
‘THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD, “SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I PUT THINE ENEMIES BENEATH THY FEET”’?

Jubilee Bible 2000
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool?

King James 2000 Bible
The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit on my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool?

American King James Version
The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you on my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool?

American Standard Version
The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I put thine enemies underneath thy feet?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord said to my Lord, Sit on my right hand, until I make thy enemies thy footstool?

Darby Bible Translation
The Lord said to my Lord, Sit on my right hand until I put thine enemies under thy feet?

English Revised Version
The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I put thine enemies underneath thy feet?

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thy enemies thy footstool?

Weymouth New Testament
"'The Lord said to my Lord, sit at My right hand until I have put thy foes beneath thy feet'?

World English Bible
'The Lord said to my Lord, sit on my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet?'

Young's Literal Translation
The Lord said to my lord, Sit at my right hand, till I may make thine enemies thy footstool?
Study Bible
Whose Son is the Christ?
43Jesus said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him Lord? For he says: 44‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, until I put Your enemies under Your feet.”’ 45So if David calls Him Lord, how can He be David’s son?”…
Cross References
Psalm 110:1
The LORD said to my Lord: "Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet."

Matthew 22:45
So if David calls Him Lord, how can He be David's son?"

Matthew 26:64
"You have said it yourself," Jesus answered. "But I say to all of you, from now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."

Mark 16:19
After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.

Acts 2:34
For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says: 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand,

1 Corinthians 15:25
For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet.

Hebrews 1:13
But to which of the angels did God ever say: "Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet"?

Hebrews 10:13
Since that time, He waits for His enemies to be made a footstool for His feet,

Treasury of Scripture

The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you on my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool?

The Lord.

Psalm 110:1
A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Acts 2:34,35
For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, …

1 Corinthians 15:25
For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

my Lord.

John 20:28
And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.

1 Corinthians 1:2
Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:

Philippians 3:8
Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,

till.

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Psalm 2:8,9
Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession…

Psalm 21:9
Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.







Lexicon
‘The Lord
Κύριος (Kyrios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2962: Lord, master, sir; the Lord. From kuros; supreme in authority, i.e. controller; by implication, Master.

said
Εἶπεν (Eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

to
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

my
μου (mou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

Lord,
Κυρίῳ (Kyriō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2962: Lord, master, sir; the Lord. From kuros; supreme in authority, i.e. controller; by implication, Master.

“Sit
Κάθου (Kathou)
Verb - Present Imperative Middle or Passive - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2521: To sit, be seated, enthroned; I dwell, reside. From kata; and hemai; to sit down; figuratively, to remain, reside.

at
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

My
μου (mou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

right hand,
δεξιῶν (dexiōn)
Adjective - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1188: On the right hand, right hand, right. From dechomai; the right side or hand.

until
Ἕως (Heōs)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2193: A conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until.

I put
θῶ (thō)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5087: To put, place, lay, set, fix, establish. A prolonged form of a primary theo to place.

Your
σου (sou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

enemies
ἐχθρούς (echthrous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2190: Hated, hostile; subst: an enemy. From a primary echtho; hateful; usually as a noun, an adversary.

under
Ὑποκάτω (Hypokatō)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 5270: Underneath, below, under. From hupo and kato; down under, i.e. Beneath.

Your
σου (sou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

feet.”’
ποδῶν (podōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4228: The foot. A primary word; a 'foot'.
Verse 44. - The Lord said unto my Lord (Psalm 110:1). The quotation is from the Septuagint. But neither this nor our English Version is an adequate rendering of the original, where the word translated "Lord" is not the same in both parts of the clause, More accurately, the solemn beginning of the psalm is thus given: "Utterance [or, 'oracle'] of Jehovah to my Lord (Adonai)." The psalmist acknowledges the recipient of the utterance as his sovereign Lord; this could be no earthly potentate, for on earth he had no such superior; Jewish tradition always applied the term unto the Messiah, or the Word. The prediction repeats the promise made by Nathan to David (2 Samuel 7:12), which had no fulfilment in his natural progeny, and could be regarded as looking forward only to the Messiah. Sit thou on my right hand. Thus Messiah is exalted to the highest dignity in heaven. Sitting at God's right hand does not necessarily imply complete Divine majesty (as Hengstenberg remarks), for the sons of Zebedee had asked for such a position in Messiah's earthly kingdom (Matthew 20:21); but it denotes supreme honour, association in government, authority second only to that of Monarch. This is said of Christ in his human nature. He is "equal to the Father, as touching his Godhead; inferior to the Father, as touching his manhood." In his Divine nature he could receive nothing; in his human nature all "power was given unto him in heaven and earth" (Matthew 28:18). Till I make (ἕως α}ν θῷ) thine enemies thy footstool; ὑποπόδιον τῶν ποδῶν σου. This is the Septuagint reading. Many manuscripts here give ὑποκάτω τῶν ποδῶν σου Τιλλ Ι πυτ τηινε ενεμιεσ υνδερνεατη τηψ φεετ. Some few have both ὑποπόδιον and ὑποκάτω. Vulgate, Donec ponam inimicos tuos scabellum pedum tuorum. The complete subjection of all adversaries is denoted (comp. 1 Corinthians 15:25-27; Hebrews 1:13); and they are subjected not merely for punishment and destruction, but, it may be, for salvation and glory. The relative particle "till" must not be pressed, as if Christ's session was to cease when his victory was completed. We have before had occasion to observe that the phrase, ἕως οῦ, or ἕως α}ν, asserts nothing of the future beyond the event specified. As St. Jerome says of such negative phrases, "Ita negant praeteritum ut non ponant futurum" (comp. Matthew 1:25; Matthew 5:26; Matthew 18:34). Of Christ's kingdom there is no end. 22:41-46 When Christ baffled his enemies, he asked what thoughts they had of the promised Messiah? How he could be the Son of David and yet his Lord? He quotes Ps 110:1. If the Christ was to be a mere man, who would not exist till many ages after David's death, how could his forefather call him Lord? The Pharisees could not answer it. Nor can any solve the difficulty except he allows the Messiah to be the Son of God, and David's Lord equally with the Father. He took upon him human nature, and so became God manifested in the flesh; in this sense he is the Son of man and the Son of David. It behoves us above all things seriously to inquire, What think we of Christ? Is he altogether glorious in our eyes, and precious to our hearts? May Christ be our joy, our confidence, our all. May we daily be made more like to him, and more devoted to his service.
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