Matthew 22:45
New International Version
If then David calls him 'Lord,' how can he be his son?"

New Living Translation
Since David called the Messiah 'my Lord,' how can the Messiah be his son?"

English Standard Version
If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?”

Berean Study Bible
So if David calls Him Lord, how can He be David’s son?”

Berean Literal Bible
If therefore David calls Him Lord, how is He his son?"

New American Standard Bible
"If David then calls Him 'Lord,' how is He his son?"

King James Bible
If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?

Christian Standard Bible
"If David calls him 'Lord,' how then can he be his son?"

Contemporary English Version
If David called the Messiah his Lord, how can the Messiah be a son of King David?"

Good News Translation
If, then, David called him 'Lord,' how can the Messiah be David's descendant?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"If David calls Him 'Lord,' how then can the Messiah be his Son?"

International Standard Version
If David calls him 'Lord', how can he be his son?"

NET Bible
If David then calls him 'Lord,' how can he be his son?"

New Heart English Bible
"If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“If therefore David called him THE LORD JEHOVAH, how is he his son?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If David calls him Lord, how can he be his son?"

New American Standard 1977
“If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
If David then calls him Lord, how is he his son?

King James 2000 Bible
If David then called him Lord, how is he his son?

American King James Version
If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?

American Standard Version
If David then calleth him Lord, how is he his son?

Douay-Rheims Bible
If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?

Darby Bible Translation
If therefore David call him Lord, how is he his son?

English Revised Version
If David then calleth him Lord, how is he his son?

Webster's Bible Translation
If David then calleth him Lord, how is he his son?

Weymouth New Testament
"If therefore David calls Him Lord, how can He be his son?"

World English Bible
"If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?"

Young's Literal Translation
If then David doth call him lord, how is he his son?'
Study Bible
Whose Son is the Christ?
44‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, until I put Your enemies under Your feet.”’ 45So if David calls Him Lord, how can He be David’s son?” 46No one was able to answer a word, and from that day on no one dared to question Him any further.…
Cross References
Matthew 22:44
The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand, until I put Your enemies under Your feet."'

Matthew 22:46
No one was able to answer a word, and from that day on no one dared to question Him any further.

Treasury of Scripture

If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?

how.

John 8:58
Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

Romans 1:3,4
Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; …

Romans 9:5
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.







Lexicon
So
οὖν (oun)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3767: Therefore, then. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly.

if
Εἰ (Ei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

David
Δαυὶδ (Dauid)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1138: David, King of Israel. Of Hebrew origin; Dabid, the Israelite king.

calls
καλεῖ (kalei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2564: (a) I call, summon, invite, (b) I call, name. Akin to the base of keleuo; to 'call'.

Him
αὐτὸν (auton)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

Lord,
Κύριον (Kyrion)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2962: Lord, master, sir; the Lord. From kuros; supreme in authority, i.e. controller; by implication, Master.

how
πῶς (pōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 4459: Adverb from the base of pou; an interrogative particle of manner; in what way?; also as exclamation, how much!

can He be
ἐστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

[David’s]
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

son?”
υἱὸς (huios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.
Verse 45. - If David... Son? The argument is this: David speaks with highest reverence of Messiah, calling him his Lord: how is this attitude consistent with the fact that Messiah is David's Son? How can Messiah be both Son and Lord of David? We, who have learned the truth concerning the two natures of Christ, can readily answer the question. He is both "the Root and the Offspring of David" (Revelation 22:16). The Athanasian Creed offers the required solution of the seeming paradox: "God, of the substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds; and Man of the substance of his mother, born in the world; perfect God, and perfect Man... who although he be God and Man, yet he is not two, but one Christ." Here was an explanation (if the Pharisees took his words to heart) of much that had excited their indignation, and caused cavil and carping. He claimed to be the Messiah; and Messiah, as Scripture presented him, had a twofold nature. When, therefore, he asserted equality with the Father when he, "being man, made himself God" (John 10:33), he was vindicating that Divine nature which he as Messiah possessed. Jesus did not further elucidate this mystery. He had given food for reflection; he had unfolded the hidden meaning of Scripture; he had shown the shallowness of the popular exegesis; the knowledge was here; there was wanting only the will to raise the flower of faith in the heart of these obdurate hearers. 22:41-46 When Christ baffled his enemies, he asked what thoughts they had of the promised Messiah? How he could be the Son of David and yet his Lord? He quotes Ps 110:1. If the Christ was to be a mere man, who would not exist till many ages after David's death, how could his forefather call him Lord? The Pharisees could not answer it. Nor can any solve the difficulty except he allows the Messiah to be the Son of God, and David's Lord equally with the Father. He took upon him human nature, and so became God manifested in the flesh; in this sense he is the Son of man and the Son of David. It behoves us above all things seriously to inquire, What think we of Christ? Is he altogether glorious in our eyes, and precious to our hearts? May Christ be our joy, our confidence, our all. May we daily be made more like to him, and more devoted to his service.
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