Matthew 1:1
New International Version
This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham:

New Living Translation
This is a record of the ancestors of Jesus the Messiah, a descendant of David and of Abraham:

English Standard Version
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Berean Study Bible
This is the record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham:

Berean Literal Bible
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, son of David, son of Abraham:

New American Standard Bible
The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham:

King James Bible
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Christian Standard Bible
An account of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

Contemporary English Version
Jesus Christ came from the family of King David and also from the family of Abraham. And this is a list of his ancestors.

Good News Translation
This is the list of the ancestors of Jesus Christ, a descendant of David, who was a descendant of Abraham.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The historical record of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:

International Standard Version
This is a record of the life of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

NET Bible
This is the record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

New Heart English Bible
A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The book of the genealogy of Yeshua The Messiah, The Son of David, The Son of Abraham.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is the list of ancestors of Jesus Christ, descendant of David and Abraham.

New American Standard 1977
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, son of David, son of Abraham.

King James 2000 Bible
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

American King James Version
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

American Standard Version
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Douay-Rheims Bible
THE book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham:

Darby Bible Translation
Book of the generation of Jesus Christ, Son of David, Son of Abraham.

English Revised Version
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Webster's Bible Translation
The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Weymouth New Testament
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

World English Bible
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Young's Literal Translation
A roll of the birth of Jesus Christ, son of David, son of Abraham.
Study Bible
The Genealogy of Jesus
1This is the record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham: 2Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers.…
Cross References
Genesis 22:18
And through your offspring all nations of the earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice."

2 Samuel 7:12
And when your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom.

Psalm 89:3
You said, "I have made a covenant with My chosen one, I have sworn to David My servant:

Psalm 132:11
The LORD swore an oath to David, a promise He will not revoke: "One of your descendants I will set upon your throne.

Isaiah 9:6
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given, and the government will be upon His shoulders. And He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 11:1
A shoot will spring up from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots will bear fruit.

Matthew 1:2
Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers.

Matthew 9:27
As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed Him, crying out, "Have mercy on us, Son of David!"

Luke 1:32
He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David,

Luke 1:33
and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever. His kingdom will never end!"

Luke 1:69
He has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of His servant David,

Luke 3:32
the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon,

John 7:42
Doesn't the Scripture say that the Christ will come from the line of David and from Bethlehem, the village where David lived?"

Acts 13:23
From the descendants of this man, God has brought to Israel the Savior Jesus, as He promised.

Romans 1:3
regarding His Son, who was a descendant of David according to flesh,

Romans 9:5
Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them proceeds the human descent of Christ, who is God over all, forever worthy of praise! Amen.

Galatians 3:16
The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The Scripture does not say, "and to seeds," meaning many, but "and to your seed," meaning One, who is Christ.

1 Timothy 2:5
For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,

2 Timothy 2:8
Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, descended from David, as proclaimed by my gospel,

Revelation 22:16
"I, Jesus, have sent My angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the bright Morning Star."

Treasury of Scripture

The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

generation.

Genesis 2:4
These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,

Genesis 5:1
This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;

Isaiah 53:8
He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

the son of David.

Matthew 9:27
And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, crying, and saying, Thou Son of David, have mercy on us.

Matthew 15:22
And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.

Matthew 22:42-45
Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David…

the son of Abraham.

Genesis 12:3
And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

Genesis 22:18
And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.

Genesis 26:3-5
Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father; …







Lexicon
[This is the] record
Βίβλος (Biblos)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 976: Properly, the inner bark of the papyrus plant, i.e. a sheet or scroll of writing.

of [the] genealogy
γενέσεως (geneseōs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1078: Birth, lineage, descent. From the same as genea; nativity; figuratively, nature.

of Jesus
Ἰησοῦ (Iēsou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2424: Of Hebrew origin; Jesus, the name of our Lord and two other Israelites.

Christ,
Χριστοῦ (Christou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.

[the] son
υἱοῦ (huiou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

of David,
Δαυὶδ (Dauid)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1138: David, King of Israel. Of Hebrew origin; Dabid, the Israelite king.

[the] son
υἱοῦ (huiou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

of Abraham:
Ἀβραάμ (Abraam)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 11: Abraham, progenitor of the Hebrew race. Of Hebrew origin; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch.
(1) The book of the generation.--The opening words of the Gospel show that it is written by a Jew for Jewish readers. They are an essentially Hebrew formula (as in Genesis 5:1), and were applied chiefly though not exclusively (Genesis 37:2) to genealogies such as that which follows here.

Jesus Christ.--The collocation of names was not so much a thing of course when St. Matthew wrote as it now seems to us. There were many who bore the name of Jesus--e.g., Jesus the son or Sirach, Jesus surnamed Justus (Colossians 4:11), possibly even Jesus Bar-abbas (Matthew 27:17). It was necessary to state that the genealogy that followed was that of Jesus the Messiah, the true "anointed" of the Lord.

The son of David.--This, of course, was added as the most popular of all the names of the expected Christ, owned alike by scribes and Rabbis (Matthew 22:42), by children (Matthew 21:9), and by the poor (Matthew 15:22; Matthew 20:30).

The son of Abraham.--There is no reason to think that this was ever a specially Messianic title. If there is any special significance in its occurrence here, it is as emphasising that which the Messiah had in common with other Israelites. He was thus as a brother to them all, even to the despised publican (Luke 19:9), as being the seed of Abraham, in whom all the nations of the earth were to be blessed (Genesis 22:18). The former thought appears in another book specially written, like this Gospel, for Hebrews--"On the seed of Abraham he layeth hold" (Hebrews 2:16).

(1) Nothing can be inferred directly from St. Matthew's phrase "till she had brought forth" as to what followed after the birth. The writer's purpose is obviously to emphasise the absence of all that might interfere with the absolutely supernatural character of the birth itself. (2) Nothing can be inferred with certainty from the mention of our Lord's "brethren" in Matthew 12:46 (see Note there), and elsewhere. They may have been children of Joseph by a former marriage, or by what was known as a levirate marriage with the widow of a deceased brother, under the law of Deuteronomy 25:5, Matthew 22:24, or children by adoption, or cousins included under the general name of brethren. (3) The fact that the mother of our Lord found a home with the beloved disciple (John 19:27) and not with any of the "brethren" points, as far as it goes, to their not being her own children, but it does not go far enough to warrant any positive assertion. Scripture therefore supplies no data for any decision on either side, nor does any tradition that can really be called primitive. The reverence for virginity as compared with marriage in the patristic and mediaeval Church made the "ever-virgin" to be one of the received titles of the mother of the Lord. The reaction of natural feeling against that reverence led men in earlier and later times to assert the opposite. Every commentator is influenced consciously or unconsciously by his leanings in this or that direction. And so the matter must rest.

Verse 1. - The book of the generation. As St. Matthew was writing only for Jews, and they, by reason of their Old Testament prophecies, looked for the Messiah to be born of a certain family, he begins his Gospel with a pedigree of Jesus. In this he mentions, by way of introduction, the two points to which his countrymen would have special regard - the descent of Jesus from David, the founder of the royal line, him in whose descendants the Ruler of Israel must necessarily (2 Samuel 7:13-16) be looked for; and also from Abraham, who was the head of the covenant nation, and to whom the promise had been given that in his seed all the nations of the earth should bless themselves (Genesis 22:18; Genesis 12:3). After this he proceeds to fill up the intervening steps in the genealogy. The spelling of the names in the Authorized Version accords with the Greek, and so varies from the Old Testament orthography; but for the sake of the English reader it is certainly advisable to do what has been done in the Revised Version, viz. to conform the spelling to that of the Old Testament, and, where the Greek varies much, to put that form in the margin. It is better to write Rahab than Raehab, and Shealtiel than Salathiel. Those who read the Greek Gospels when these were first written read also the Old Testament in Greek, and so were in no confusion. The first verse of the Gospel is doubtless intended as a preface to what is contained in vers. 2-17. It is, indeed, true that the phrase, "the book of the generation" (βίβλος γενέσεως, equivalent to sepher toledoth, Genesis 5.1), might in itself point rather to events and works connected with the active life of him whose name it precedes (cf. the use of toledoth in Genesis 5:1; Genesis 6:9; Genesis 10:1; even Genesis 2:4, et al.) , and thus might refer to the whole of ch. 1. (Kubel), or even the whole of the First Gospel (Keil); yet the addition of the Son of David, the Son of Abraham, by summarizing the genealogy, limits the reference of ver. 1 to this alone. Observe

(1) that the same word (γένεσις) recurs in ver. 18; but being without βίβλος, has a slightly different meaning;

(2) that the word translated" generation" in ver. 17 is γενέα, and means a single stratum of human life. The evangelist uses the name Jesus Christ here as a proper name, customary in later Christian circles (cf. John 1:17, and especially the traces of development from 1 Corinthians 12:3 and Romans 10:9 to Philippians 2:11). "Christ" is not used in its signification of "Messiah," or "Anointed," till ver. 17, where it would be better rendered "the Christ." 1:1-17 Concerning this genealogy of our Saviour, observe the chief intention. It is not a needless genealogy. It is not a vain-glorious one, as those of great men often are. It proves that our Lord Jesus is of the nation and family out of which the Messiah was to arise. The promise of the blessing was made to Abraham and his seed; of the dominion, to David and his seed. It was promised to Abraham that Christ should descend from him, Ge 12:3; 22:18; and to David that he should descend from him, 2Sa 7:12; Ps 89:3, etc.; 132:11; and, therefore, unless Jesus is a son of David, and a son of Abraham, he is not the Messiah. Now this is here proved from well-known records. When the Son of God was pleased to take our nature, he came near to us, in our fallen, wretched condition; but he was perfectly free from sin: and while we read the names in his genealogy, we should not forget how low the Lord of glory stooped to save the human race.
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