Psalm 110:1
New International Version
Of David. A psalm. The LORD says to my lord: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet."

New Living Translation
A psalm of David. The LORD said to my Lord, "Sit in the place of honor at my right hand until I humble your enemies, making them a footstool under your feet."

English Standard Version
The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.”

Berean Study Bible
A Psalm of David. The LORD said to my Lord: “Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”

New American Standard Bible
A Psalm of David. The LORD says to my Lord: "Sit at My right hand Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet."

King James Bible
A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Christian Standard Bible
This is the declaration of the LORD to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool."

Contemporary English Version
The LORD said to my Lord, "Sit at my right side, until I make your enemies into a footstool for you."

Good News Translation
The LORD said to my lord, "Sit here at my right side until I put your enemies under your feet."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A Davidic psalm. This is the declaration of the LORD to my Lord:" Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool."

International Standard Version
A declaration from the LORD to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool."

NET Bible
A psalm of David. Here is the LORD's proclamation to my lord: "Sit down at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool!"

New Heart English Bible
[A Psalm by David.] The LORD says to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Lord Jehovah said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies as a stool for your feet.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[A psalm by David.] The LORD said to my Lord, "Sit in the highest position in heaven until I make your enemies your footstool."

JPS Tanakh 1917
A Psalm of David. The LORD saith unto my lord: 'Sit thou at My right hand, Until I make thine enemies thy footstool.'

New American Standard 1977
The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at My right hand, Until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

King James 2000 Bible
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.

American King James Version
The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.

American Standard Version
Jehovah saith unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, Until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
A Psalm of David. The Lord said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord said to my Lord: Sit thou at my right hand: Until I make thy enemies thy footstool.

Darby Bible Translation
{Psalm of David.} Jehovah said unto my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put thine enemies [as] footstool of thy feet.

English Revised Version
A Psalm of David. The LORD saith unto my lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Webster's Bible Translation
A Psalm of David. The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thy enemies thy footstool.

World English Bible
Yahweh says to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool for your feet."

Young's Literal Translation
A Psalm of David. The affirmation of Jehovah to my Lord: 'Sit at My right hand, Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.'
Study Bible
God's Faithful Messiah
1A Psalm of David. The LORD said to my Lord: “Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.” 2The LORD will extend Your mighty scepter from Zion: “Rule in the midst of your enemies.”…
Cross References
Matthew 22:44
The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand, until I put Your enemies under Your feet."'

Matthew 26:64
"You have said it yourself," Jesus answered. "But I say to all of you, from now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."

Mark 12:36
Speaking by the Holy Spirit, David himself declared: 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand until I put Your enemies under Your feet."'

Mark 14:62
"I am," said Jesus, "and you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power and coming with the clouds of heaven."

Mark 16:19
After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.

Luke 20:42
For David himself says in the book of Psalms: 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand

Luke 20:43
until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet."'

Luke 22:69
But from now on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God."

Acts 2:34
For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says: 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand,

Acts 2:35
until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet."'

1 Corinthians 15:25
For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet.

Ephesians 1:20
which He exerted in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly realms,

Ephesians 1:22
And God put everything under His feet and made Him head over everything for the church,

Colossians 3:1
Therefore, since you have been raised with Christ, strive for the things above, where Christ is seated at the right hand of God.

Hebrews 1:3
The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of His nature, upholding all things by His powerful word. After He had provided purification for sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.

Hebrews 1:13
But to which of the angels did God ever say: "Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet"?

Hebrews 8:1
The point of what we are saying is this: We do have such a high priest, who sat down at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven,

Hebrews 10:12
But when this Priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, He sat down at the right hand of God.

Hebrews 10:13
Since that time, He waits for His enemies to be made a footstool for His feet,

Hebrews 12:2
Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Treasury of Scripture

The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.

A.

The Lord

Psalm 8:1
To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens.

Matthew 22:42-46
Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David…

Mark 12:35-37
And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David? …

sit

Mark 16:19
So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.

Acts 2:34
For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,

Ephesians 1:20-22
Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, …

until

Psalm 2:6-9
Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion…

Psalm 45:6,7
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre…

1 Corinthians 15:25
For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.







Lexicon
A Psalm
מִ֫זְמ֥וֹר (miz·mō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4210: Instrumental music, a poem set to notes

of David.
לְדָוִ֗ד (lə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

The LORD
יְהוָ֨ה ׀ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

said
נְאֻ֤ם (nə·’um)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5002: An oracle

to my Lord:
לַֽאדֹנִ֗י (la·ḏō·nî)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 113: Sovereign, controller

“Sit
שֵׁ֥ב (šêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

at My right hand
לִֽימִינִ֑י (lî·mî·nî)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3225: The right hand, side, the south

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

I make
אָשִׁ֥ית (’ā·šîṯ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7896: To put, set

Your enemies
אֹ֝יְבֶ֗יךָ (’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

a footstool
הֲדֹ֣ם (hă·ḏōm)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1916: A stool, footstool

for Your feet.”
לְרַגְלֶֽיךָ׃ (lə·raḡ·le·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Noun - fdc | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7272: A foot, a step, the pudenda
(1) The Lord said . . .--The usual prophetic phrase, generally translated, "Thus saith," &c. (See Note, Psalm 36:1.)

The psalmist may possibly be quoting an old prophetic saying, but, according to the usual way in which the expression is used, it marks an immediate inspiration.

My Lord.--Heb., adoni, an address of honour to those more noble than the speaker, or superior in rank: to a father, Genesis 31:35; to a brother, Numbers 12:11; a royal consort, 1Kings 1:17-18; to a prince, 1Kings 3:17; with addition of the royal title, "my Lord, O king," 2Samuel 14:19.

The question of the person here intended is, of course, closely bound up with the general question of the authorship and meaning of the psalm. Here the various views that have been held are briefly enumerated:--

(1) The Messiah; and, if so, with a prophetic consciousness of His Divinity, or, at least, His superiority as a Prince over all other princes. (2) David himself: this is, of course, inconsistent with the Davidic authorship of the psalm. (3) Solomon. (4) Hezekiah. (5) Joshua son of Josedech. (6) One of the priest-kings of the Asmonean dynasty.

We now come to the words of the oracle: "Sit thou at my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool."

Commentators have sought in the customs of Arabia, and even in the mythology of the Greek poets, for proof that this expression denotes viceroyalty or copartnership in the throne. If this meaning could be established from Hebrew literature, these parallels would be confirmatory as well as illustrative; but the nearest approach to be found in the Old Testament only makes the seat at the king's right hand a mark of extreme honour. (See the case of Bath-sheba, 1Kings 2:19; of the queen consort of Psalm 45:9; of Jonathan, 1 Maccabees 10:63.)

Nothing more can be assumed, therefore, from the words themselves than an invitation to sit at Jehovah's right hand to watch the progress of the victorious struggle in which wide and sure dominion is to be won for this Prince. But even this is obscured by the concluding part of the psalm (see Psalm 110:5), where Jehovah is said to be at the right hand of the person addressed, and is beyond question represented ac[??] going out with him to battle. Hence, we are led to the conclusion, that the exact position ("at the right hand") i not to be pressed in either case, and that no more is intended than that, with Jehovah's help, the monarch who is the hero of the poem will acquire and administer a vast and glorious realm.

Footstool.--The imagery of the footstool (literally a stool for thy feet) is no doubt taken from the custom mentioned in Joshua 10:24.

Verse 1. - The Lord said unto my Lord. Jehovah said unto him who is my Lord and Master, i.e. to Messiah, who is my liege Lord, although about to be, in some mysterious way, my descendant. Sit thou at my right hand. An exaltation too high for any merely human personage (comp. Acts 2:33; Acts 7:56; Hebrews 1:3). Until I make thine enemies thy footstool. To place the foot upon the neck or body of defeated enemies was a common practice of Oriental conquerors. 110:1-7 Christ's kingdom. - Glorious things are here spoken of Christ. Not only he should be superior to all the kings of the earth, but he then existed in glory as the eternal Son of God. Sitting is a resting posture: after services and sufferings, to give law, to give judgment. It is a remaining posture: he sits like a king for ever. All his enemies are now in a chain, but not yet made his footstool. And his kingdom, being set up, shall be kept up in the world, in despite of all the powers of darkness. Christ's people are a willing people. The power of the Spirit, going with the power of the world, to the people of Christs, is effectual to make them willing. They shall attend him in the beautiful attire of holiness; which becomes his house for ever. And he shall have many devoted to him. The dew of our youth, even in the morning of our days, ought to be consecrated to our Lord Jesus. Christ shall not only be a King, but a Priest. He is God's Minister to us, and our Advocate with the Father, and so is the Mediator between God and man. He is a Priest of the order of Melchizedek, which was before that of Aaron, and on many accounts superior to it, and a more lively representation of Christ's priesthood. Christ's sitting at the right hand of God, speaks as much terror to his enemies as happiness to his people. The effect of this victory shall be the utter ruin of his enemies. We have here the Redeemer saving his friends, and comforting them. He shall be humbled; he shall drink of the brook in the way. The wrath of God, running in the curse of the law, may be considered as the brook in the way of his undertaking. Christ drank of the waters of affliction in his way to the throne of glory. But he shall be exalted. What then are we? Has the gospel of Christ been to us the power of God unto salvation? Has his kingdom been set up in our hearts? Are we his willing subjects? Once we knew not our need of his salvation, and we were not willing that he should reign over us. Are we willing to give up every sin, to turn from a wicked, insnaring world, and rely only on his merits and mercy, to have him for our Prophet, Priest, and King? and do we desire to be holy? To those who are thus changed, the Saviour's sacrifice, intercession, and blessing belong.
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