Psalm 110:4
New International Version
The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind: "You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek."

New Living Translation
The LORD has taken an oath and will not break his vow: “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”

English Standard Version
The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind, “You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”

Berean Study Bible
The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind: “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”

King James Bible
The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

New King James Version
The LORD has sworn And will not relent, “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.”

New American Standard Bible
The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind, “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.”

NASB 1995
The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind, "You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek."

NASB 1977
The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind, “Thou art a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.”

Amplified Bible
The LORD has sworn [an oath] and will not change His mind: “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.”

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD has sworn an oath and will not take it back: “You are a priest forever according to the pattern of Melchizedek.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD has sworn an oath and will not take it back:" Forever, You are a priest like Melchizedek."

American Standard Version
Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever After the order of Melchizedek.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
LORD JEHOVAH swore and will not lie: "You are Priest to eternity in the likeness of Melchizedek.”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The Lord sware, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedec.

Contemporary English Version
The LORD has made a promise that will never be broken: "You will be a priest forever, just like Melchizedek."

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord hath sworn, and he will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever according to the order of Melchisedech.

English Revised Version
The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

Good News Translation
The LORD made a solemn promise and will not take it back: "You will be a priest forever in the priestly order of Melchizedek."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD has taken an oath and will not change his mind: "You are a priest forever, in the way Melchizedek was a priest."

International Standard Version
The LORD took an oath and will never recant: "You are a priest forever, after the manner of Melchizedek."

JPS Tanakh 1917
The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent: 'Thou art a priest for ever After the manner of Melchizedek.'

Literal Standard Version
YHWH has sworn, and does not relent, “You [are] a priest for all time, "" According to the order of Melchizedek.”

NET Bible
The LORD makes this promise on oath and will not revoke it: "You are an eternal priest after the pattern of Melchizedek."

New Heart English Bible
The LORD has sworn, and will not change his mind: "You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek."

World English Bible
Yahweh has sworn, and will not change his mind: "You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek."

Young's Literal Translation
Jehovah hath sworn, and doth not repent, 'Thou art a priest to the age, According to the order of Melchizedek.'

Additional Translations ...
Context
God's Faithful Messiah
3Your people shall be willing on Your day of battle. Arrayed in holy splendor, from the womb of the dawn, to You belongs the dew of Your youth. 4The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind: “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.” 5The Lord is at Your right hand; He will crush kings in the day of His wrath.…

Cross References
John 12:34
The crowd replied, "We have heard from the Law that the Christ will remain forever. So how can you say that the Son of Man must be lifted up? Who is this Son of Man?"

Hebrews 5:6
And in another passage God says: "You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek."

Hebrews 5:10
and was designated by God as high priest in the order of Melchizedek.

Hebrews 6:17
So when God wanted to make the unchanging nature of His purpose very clear to the heirs of the promise, He guaranteed it with an oath.

Hebrews 6:20
where Jesus our forerunner has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.

Hebrews 7:17
For it is testified: "You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek."

Hebrews 7:21
but Jesus became a priest with an oath by the One who said to Him: "The Lord has sworn and will not change His mind: 'You are a priest forever.'"

Genesis 14:18
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine--since he was priest of God Most High--

Numbers 23:19
God is not a man, that He should lie, or a son of man, that He should change His mind. Does He speak and not act? Does He promise and not fulfill?

Zechariah 6:13
Yes, He will build the temple of the LORD; He will be clothed in splendor and will sit on His throne and rule. And He will be a priest on His throne, and there will be peaceful counsel between the two.'


Treasury of Scripture

The LORD has sworn, and will not repent, You are a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

Lord

Psalm 89:34-36
My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips…

Hebrews 5:6
As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 6:13-18
For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, …

will not

Numbers 23:19
God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?

thou

Genesis 14:18
And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

Zechariah 6:13
Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.

Hebrews 6:20
Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.









(4) After the order of Melchizedek.--This follows the LXX. and Vulg. Better, after the manner of since there could have been with the psalmist no intention of contrasting this priesthood with that of Aaron, as there naturally was when the Aaronic order had come to an end or was visibly doomed to extinction.

The previous history of Israel itself offered no example of the formal union of kingly and priestly offices in one person. It first appears in idea in Zechariah 6:12-13; in actual fact in the pontificate of Jonathan (1 Maccabees 10:21). It is true that the royal and priestly functions were sometimes united, especially in the case of David, and in 2Samuel 8:18, David's sons are called "priests" (in English version, "chief rulers;" margin, or princes). It was therefore necessary to go back to Melchizedek, in whom history recognised this sanctioned and formal union (Genesis 14:18). For the various points brought out in the Epistle to the Hebrews 6, 7, see New Testament Commentary.

Verse 4. - The Lord hath sworn, and he will not repent. "A fresh revelation" (Cheyne). David, admitted into the councils of the Most High, has been made aware that the Messiah is, by God's decree, to be both King and Priest. God has "sworn" this, and will certainly not draw back from his oath. Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek. Not, like ordinary priests, a priest for a few years, or for a lifetime, but a priest forever and ever (לעולם) - seeing "he ever liveth to make intercession for us" (Hebrews 7:25). And a priest "after the order of Melchizedek." Not, that is, after the order of Aaron, who was a priest and nothing more, but after that of Melchizedek, the elder priesthood, which combined the offices of priest and king (see Hebrews 5:6-10; Hebrews 7:1-10, 20-28).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The LORD
יְהוָ֨ה ׀ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

has sworn
נִשְׁבַּ֤ע (niš·ba‘)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7650: To seven oneself, swear

and will not
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

change His mind:
יִנָּחֵ֗ם (yin·nā·ḥêm)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5162: To sigh, breathe strongly, to be sorry, to pity, console, rue, to avenge

“You
אַתָּֽה־ (’at·tāh-)
Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

are a priest
כֹהֵ֥ן (ḵō·hên)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3548: Priest

forever
לְעוֹלָ֑ם (lə·‘ō·w·lām)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5769: Concealed, eternity, frequentatively, always

in
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the order
דִּ֝בְרָתִ֗י (diḇ·rā·ṯî)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 1700: A cause, reason, manner

of Melchizedek.”
צֶֽדֶק׃ (ṣe·ḏeq)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4442: Melchizedek -- 'my king is right', an early king of Salem


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OT Poetry: Psalm 110:4 Yahweh has sworn and will not change (Psalm Ps Psa.)
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