Genesis 22:16
New International Version
and said, "I swear by myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son,

New Living Translation
"This is what the LORD says: Because you have obeyed me and have not withheld even your son, your only son, I swear by my own name that

English Standard Version
and said, “By myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son,

Berean Study Bible
saying, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your only son,

New American Standard Bible
and said, "By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing and have not withheld your son, your only son,

King James Bible
And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:

Christian Standard Bible
and said, "By myself I have sworn," this is the LORD's declaration: "Because you have done this thing and have not withheld your only son,

Contemporary English Version
You were willing to offer your only son to the LORD, and so he makes you this solemn promise,

Good News Translation
"I make a vow by my own name--the LORD is speaking--that I will richly bless you. Because you did this and did not keep back your only son from me,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and said, "By Myself I have sworn," this is the LORD's declaration: "Because you have done this thing and have not withheld your only son,

International Standard Version
and said, "I have taken an oath to swear by myself," declares the LORD, "that since you have carried this out and have not withheld your only unique son,

NET Bible
and said, "'I solemnly swear by my own name,' decrees the LORD, 'that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son,

New Heart English Bible
and said, "I have sworn by myself, says the LORD, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and said, "I am taking an oath on my own name, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not refused to give me your son, your only son,

JPS Tanakh 1917
and said: 'By Myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son,

New American Standard 1977
and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son,

Jubilee Bible 2000
and said, By myself I have sworn, said the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son;

King James 2000 Bible
And said, By myself have I sworn, says the LORD, for because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son:

American King James Version
And said, By myself have I sworn, said the LORD, for because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son:

American Standard Version
and said, By myself have I sworn, saith Jehovah, because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I have sworn by myself, says the Lord, because thou hast done this thing, and on my account hast not spared thy beloved son,

Douay-Rheims Bible
By my own self have I sworn, saith the Lord: because thou hast done this thing, and hast not spared thy only begotten son for my sake:

Darby Bible Translation
and said, By myself I swear, saith Jehovah, that, because thou hast done this, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son],

English Revised Version
and said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:

Webster's Bible Translation
And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thy only son:

World English Bible
and said, "I have sworn by myself, says Yahweh, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son,

Young's Literal Translation
and saith, 'By Myself I have sworn -- the affirmation of Jehovah -- that because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only one --
Study Bible
The Sacrifice Averted
15And the Angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time, 16saying, “By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your only son, 17I will surely bless you, and I will multiply your descendants like the stars in the sky and the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will possess the gates of their enemies.…
Cross References
Luke 1:73
the oath He swore to our father Abraham, to grant us

Hebrews 6:13
When God made His promise to Abraham, since He had no one greater to swear by, He swore by Himself,

Hebrews 6:14
saying, "I will surely bless you and multiply your descendants."

Genesis 22:2
"Take your son," God said, "your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah. Offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains I will show you."

Genesis 22:12
"Do not lay a hand on the boy or do anything to him," said the Angel, "for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your only son from Me."

Genesis 22:15
And the Angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time,

Genesis 26:3
Stay in this land as a foreigner, and I will be with you and bless you. For I will give all these lands to you and your offspring, and I will confirm the oath that I swore to your father Abraham.

Genesis 26:5
because Abraham listened to My voice and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws."

Exodus 2:24
So God heard their groaning, and He remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Exodus 17:16
"Indeed," he said, "a hand was lifted up toward the throne of the LORD. The LORD will war against Amalek from generation to generation."

Exodus 32:13
Remember Your servants Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, to whom You swore by Your very self when You declared, 'I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky, and I will give your descendants all this land that I have promised, and it shall be their inheritance forever.'"

1 Chronicles 16:16
the covenant He made with Abraham, and the oath He swore to Isaac.

Psalm 105:9
the covenant He made with Abraham, and the oath He swore to Isaac.

Isaiah 45:23
By Myself I have sworn; truth has gone out from My mouth, a word that will not be revoked: Every knee will bow before Me, every tongue will confess allegiance.

Jeremiah 22:5
But if you do not obey these words, then I swear by Myself, declares the LORD, that this house will become a pile of rubble.'"

Jeremiah 44:26
Nevertheless, hear the word of the LORD, all you Jews living in Egypt: Behold, I have sworn by My great name, says the LORD, that My name will never again be invoked by anyone of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, "As surely as the Lord GOD lives."

Jeremiah 49:13
For by Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, that Bozrah will become a desolation, a disgrace, a ruin, and a curse, and all her cities will be in ruins forever."

Ezekiel 16:8
Then I passed by you and saw you, and you were indeed old enough for love. So I spread My cloak over you and covered your nakedness. I pledged Myself to you, entered into a covenant with you, and you became Mine, declares the Lord GOD.

Amos 6:8
The Lord GOD has sworn by Himself--the LORD, the God of Hosts, has declared: "I abhor Jacob's pride and detest his citadels, so I will deliver up the city and everything in it."

Treasury of Scripture

And said, By myself have I sworn, said the LORD, for because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son:

Genesis 12:2
And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:

Psalm 105:9
Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac;

Isaiah 45:23
I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.







Lexicon
saying,
וַיֹּ֕אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“By Myself
בִּ֥י (bî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew

I have sworn,
נִשְׁבַּ֖עְתִּי (niš·ba‘·tî)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7650: To seven oneself, swear

declares
נְאֻם־ (nə·’um-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5002: An oracle

the LORD,
יְהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

that
כִּ֗י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

because
יַ֚עַן (ya·‘an)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3282: Heed, purpose, to indicate the reason, cause

you have done
עָשִׂ֙יתָ֙ (‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

this
הַזֶּ֔ה (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

and have not
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

withheld
חָשַׂ֖כְתָּ (ḥā·śaḵ·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2820: To restrain, refrain, to refuse, spare, preserve, to observe

your only
יְחִידֶֽךָ׃ (yə·ḥî·ḏe·ḵā)
Adjective - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3173: United, sole, beloved, lonely, the life

son,
בִּנְךָ֥ (bin·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son
(16) By myself have I sworn, saith the Lord (Jehovah).--This solemn interposition of an oath (Hebrews 6:17), of which the present is the sole instance in Holy Scripture, plainly indicates that this trial of Abraham's faith was of no common kind, and that its typical teaching is of no ordinary value. Abraham might have appealed to God's own attributes, and said, Far be it from thee, Lord, to command a human sacrifice, and bid a father slay his son. He might have pleaded the promises bound up with Isaac's life. But no, as soon as he is convinced that the command comes from God. he obeys, and, against hope, still believes that the promises will all be fulfilled in the sacrificed Isaac. He is thus the highest and most perfect example of faith, and by his offering of his son the Church received the assurance that the Son of God incarnate in the flesh would upon that very mountain offer the sacrifice Divinely necessary for the pardon of man's sins.

The blessing now given to Abraham differs from those that precede it in three particulars. First, it is no longer a promise, but a solemn compact ratified by an oath. Next, it assures Abraham's seed of victory, whereby the spiritual Israel is certified of the ultimate triumph of the Gospel. Lastly, it transfers to Abraham's offspring the promise of being the means of blessedness to all mankind.

22:15-19 There are high declarations of God's favour to Abraham in this confirmation of the covenant with him, exceeding any he had yet been blessed with. Those that are willing to part with any thing for God, shall have it made up to them with unspeakable advantage. The promise, ver. 18, doubtless points at the Messiah, and the grace of the gospel. Hereby we know the loving-kindness of God our Saviour towards sinful man, in that he hath not withheld his Son, his only Son, from us. Hereby we perceive the love of Christ, in that he gave himself a sacrifice for our sins. Yet he lives, and calls to sinners to come to him, and partake of his blood-bought salvation. He calls to his redeemed people to rejoice in him, and to glorify him. What then shall we render for all his benefits? Let his love constrain us to live not to ourselves, but to Him who died for us, and rose again. Admiring and adoring His grace, let us devote our all to his service, who laid down his life for our salvation. Whatever is dearest to us upon earth is our Isaac. And the only way for us to find comfort in an earthly thing, is to give it by faith into the hands of God. Yet remember that Abraham was not justified by his readiness to obey, but by the infinitely more noble obedience of Jesus Christ; his faith receiving this, relying on this, rejoicing in this, disposed and made him able for such wonderful self-denial and duty.
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