Hebrews 6:13
New International Version
When God made his promise to Abraham, since there was no one greater for him to swear by, he swore by himself,

New Living Translation
For example, there was God's promise to Abraham. Since there was no one greater to swear by, God took an oath in his own name, saying:

English Standard Version
For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he had no one greater by whom to swear, he swore by himself,

Berean Study Bible
When God made His promise to Abraham, since He had no one greater to swear by, He swore by Himself,

Berean Literal Bible
For God, having made His promise to Abraham, since He had no one greater to swear by, swore by Himself,

New American Standard Bible
For when God made the promise to Abraham, since He could swear by no one greater, He swore by Himself,

King James Bible
For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself,

Christian Standard Bible
For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he had no one greater to swear by, he swore by himself:

Contemporary English Version
No one is greater than God. So he made a promise in his own name when he said to Abraham,

Good News Translation
When God made his promise to Abraham, he made a vow to do what he had promised. Since there was no one greater than himself, he used his own name when he made his vow.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For when God made a promise to Abraham, since He had no one greater to swear by, He swore by Himself:

International Standard Version
For when God made his promise to Abraham, he swore an oath by himself, since he had no one greater to swear by.

NET Bible
Now when God made his promise to Abraham, since he could swear by no one greater, he swore by himself,

New Heart English Bible
For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he could swear by none greater, he swore by himself,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For when God made a promise to Abraham, because there was no greater than he by whom to swear, he swore by himself,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God made a promise to Abraham. Since he had no one greater on whom to base his oath, he based it on himself.

New American Standard 1977
For when God made the promise to Abraham, since He could swear by no one greater, He swore by Himself,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For when God promised unto Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself,

King James 2000 Bible
For when God made a promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself,

American King James Version
For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself,

American Standard Version
For when God made promise to Abraham, since he could swear by none greater, he sware by himself,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For God making promise to Abraham, because he had no one greater by whom he might swear, swore by himself,

Darby Bible Translation
For God, having promised to Abraham, since he had no greater to swear by, swore by himself,

English Revised Version
For when God made promise to Abraham, since he could swear by none greater, he sware by himself,

Webster's Bible Translation
For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself,

Weymouth New Testament
For when God gave the promise to Abraham, since He had no one greater to swear by, He swore by Himself,

World English Bible
For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he could swear by none greater, he swore by himself,

Young's Literal Translation
For to Abraham God, having made promise, seeing He was able to swear by no greater, did swear by Himself,
Study Bible
God's Unchangeable Promise
12Then you will not be sluggish, but will imitate those who through faith and patience inherit what has been promised. 13When God made His promise to Abraham, since He had no one greater to swear by, He swore by Himself, 14saying, “I will surely bless you and multiply your descendants.”…
Cross References
Genesis 22:16
saying, "By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your only son,

Exodus 32:13
Remember Your servants Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, to whom You swore by Your very self when You declared, 'I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky, and I will give your descendants all this land that I have promised, and it shall be their inheritance forever.'"

Deuteronomy 1:8
See, I have placed the land before you. Enter and possess the land that the LORD swore He would give to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and to their descendants after them."

Isaiah 45:23
By Myself I have sworn; truth has gone out from My mouth, a word that will not be revoked: Every knee will bow before Me, every tongue will confess allegiance.

Jeremiah 22:5
But if you do not obey these words, then I swear by Myself, declares the LORD, that this house will become a pile of rubble.'"

Jeremiah 44:26
Nevertheless, hear the word of the LORD, all you Jews living in Egypt: Behold, I have sworn by My great name, says the LORD, that My name will never again be invoked by anyone of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, "As surely as the Lord GOD lives."

Luke 1:73
the oath He swore to our father Abraham, to grant us

Galatians 3:15
Brothers, let me put this in human terms. Even a human covenant, once it is ratified, cannot be canceled or amended.

Galatians 3:18
For if the inheritance depends on the Law, then it no longer depends on a promise; but God freely granted it to Abraham through a promise.

Treasury of Scripture

For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself,

he sware.

Hebrews 6:16-18
For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife…

Genesis 22:15-18
And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, …

Ezekiel 32:13
I will destroy also all the beasts thereof from beside the great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them.







Lexicon
[When]
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

God
Θεός (Theos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

made His promise
ἐπαγγειλάμενος (epangeilamenos)
Verb - Aorist Participle Middle - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1861: From epi and the base of aggelos; to announce upon, i.e. to engage to do something, to assert something respecting oneself.

to Abraham,
Ἀβραὰμ (Abraam)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 11: Abraham, progenitor of the Hebrew race. Of Hebrew origin; Abraham, the Hebrew patriarch.

since
ἐπεὶ (epei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1893: Of time: when, after; of cause: since, because; otherwise: else. From epi and ei; thereupon, i.e. Since.

He had
εἶχεν (eichen)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

no one
οὐδενὸς (oudenos)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3762: No one, none, nothing.

greater
μείζονος (meizonos)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular - Comparative
Strong's Greek 3173: Large, great, in the widest sense.

to swear
ὀμόσαι (omosai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 3660: A prolonged form of a primary, but obsolete omo, for which another prolonged form omoo is used in certain tenses; to swear, i.e. Take oath.

by,
κατ’ (kat’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

He swore
ὤμοσεν (ōmosen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3660: A prolonged form of a primary, but obsolete omo, for which another prolonged form omoo is used in certain tenses; to swear, i.e. Take oath.

by
καθ’ (kath’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

Himself,
ἑαυτοῦ (heautou)
Reflexive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1438: Himself, herself, itself.
(13) The connection seems to be this: "You, like them, have promises--promises to which God has given all possible certainty; you, like them, can attain the fulfilment only through faith and patient waiting."

For when God made promise.--It is better to follow the words literally, For when to Abraham God had made promise. Abraham is chosen for special mention as the most illustrious example of those who "inherit the promises" (comp. John 8:58); also because (1) the assurance given to him was confirmed by oath; and (2) in it lay included the promise of the Christ. The promises made to Abraham were essentially one, with various parts progressively fulfilled. It seems likely that, though the next verse is quoted from Genesis 22:17, the writer also has in mind ("had promised") Genesis 12:3, and especially Genesis 15.

Verses 13-15. - For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee. And so, having patiently endured, he obtained the promise. Abraham - the ancestor of the Hebrews, the first recipient of the promises, the father of the faithful - is now appropriately adduced as an example. He (Genesis 22:16), as is the case with you (Psalm 110.), was assured of his inheritance by the Divine oath; and so he obtained it, but only through "faith and patience." You have the like assurance, but attended with the like conditions. And then this Divine oath, the significance of which is set forth in vers. 16-18, is made a link of connection between the hortatory section (Hebrews 5:11-6:20) and the coming argument about Melchizedek. This is one instance of the artistic way in which, throughout the Epistle, the interposed hortatory passages are so turned as to connect the divided sections of the argument. But what is said about Abraham (vers. 13, 14, 15) has been variously understood. It is connected with ver. 12 thus: "Be ye followers of them who inherit the promises through faith and patience: for God, in his promise to Abraham, swore by himself in confirmation of it; and so (καὶ ὀὔτω) through patience he obtained the promise. Be it here observed that μακροθυμήσας in ver. 15 ("having patiently endured," A.V.) corresponds with διὰ μακροθυμίας in ver. 12, and expresses essentially the same idea. The aorist participle μακροθυμήσας does not in itself imply that the patience was previous to the obtaining; it expresses only that by patiently enduring he obtained. Observe also that καὶ οὔτω (cf. Acts 7:8; Acts 27:44; Acts 28:14) denotes the consequence from what has been previously stated; i.e. that μακροθυμήσας ἐπέτυχε followed from the Divine oath ensuring the fulfillment of the promise. Both his eventually obtaining and his patience in awaiting fulfillment were in consequence of the assuring oath. But then how and when did Abraham himself obtain the promise? Not even the temporal fulfillment in the multiplication of his seed and the inheritance of the Promised Land, much less the spiritual fulfillment in Christ, was during his own life. Both he could but see "afar off." In respect to the latter it is expressly said (Hebrews 11:13, 39) that the patriarchs did not receive the promises - μὴ λαβόντες τὰς ἐπογγελίας: οὐκ ἐκομίσαντο τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν. What, then, is meant by μακροθυμήσας ἐπέτυχε? Bleek understands the time of the oath (Genesis 22.), when the promise was irrevocably assured, to have been the time of obtaining. But more than this is suggested by the phrase, ἐπέτυχε τῆς ἐπαγγελίας (cf. Hebrews 11:33), as well as by καὶ οὔτω, viz. the actual attainment of the blessing assured to him by oath. There are two other ways of explaining:

(1) to identify Abraham with his seed, in whom, though not in his own person, he may be conceived to have obtained, - of which view it may be significant that πληθυνῶ τὸ σπέρμα σου of the LXX. (Genesis 22:17) is changed in the Epistle to πληθννῶ σε:

(2) to regard Abraham, still alive in the unseen world, as himself enjoying the fulfillment of the ancient promise. So Delitzsch, who, dwelling on the thought that nothing less than the blessing of Abraham extended to the whole world (cf. κληρονόμος τοῦ κόσμου, Romans 4:13) can be regarded as complete fulfill-merit, says, "God's oath-sealed word of promise is now fulfilled in Christ, and Abraham, while living on in the unseen world, is conscious of and enjoys that fulfillment, and so may be said to have "obtained the promise." This view derives some support from Hebrews 11:13-16, where the longings of the pilgrim patriarchs is so beautifully represented as reaching to a heavenly fulfillment. On the other hand, the aorist ἐπέτυχε is against it, and hence view

(1) may be accepted as a sufficient explanation of the expression (see below, or Hebrews 11:39). With regard to the general drift, it is obvious how μακροθυμία, as well as πίστις, in respect to the promise first made to him "in Charran," is strikingly displayed in Abraham's recorded life. 6:11-20 The hope here meant, is a sure looking for good things promised, through those promises, with love, desire, and valuing of them. Hope has its degrees, as faith also. The promise of blessedness God has made to believers, is from God's eternal purpose, settled between the eternal Father, Son, and Spirit. These promises of God may safely be depended upon; for here we have two things which cannot change, the counsel and the oath of God, in which it is not possible for God to lie; it would be contrary to his nature as well as to his will. And as He cannot lie; the destruction of the unbeliever, and the salvation of the believer, are alike certain. Here observe, those to whom God has given full security of happiness, have a title to the promises by inheritance. The consolations of God are strong enough to support his people under their heaviest trials. Here is a refuge for all sinners who flee to the mercy of God, through the redemption of Christ, according to the covenant of grace, laying aside all other confidences. We are in this world as a ship at sea, tossed up and down, and in danger of being cast away. We need an anchor to keep us sure and steady. Gospel hope is our anchor in the storms of this world. It is sure and stedfast, or it could not keep us so. The free grace of God, the merits and mediation of Christ, and the powerful influences of his Spirit, are the grounds of this hope, and so it is a stedfast hope. Christ is the object and ground of the believer's hope. Let us therefore set our affections on things above, and wait patiently for his appearance, when we shall certainly appear with him in glory.
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