Hebrews 3:18
New International Version
And to whom did God swear that they would never enter his rest if not to those who disobeyed?

New Living Translation
And to whom was God speaking when he took an oath that they would never enter his rest? Wasn’t it the people who disobeyed him?

English Standard Version
And to whom did he swear that they would not enter his rest, but to those who were disobedient?

Berean Study Bible
And to whom did He swear that they would never enter His rest? Was it not to those who disobeyed?

Berean Literal Bible
And to whom did He swear that they shall not enter into His rest, if not to those having disobeyed?

King James Bible
And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?

New King James Version
And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who did not obey?

New American Standard Bible
And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who were disobedient?

NASB 1995
And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but to those who were disobedient?

NASB 1977
And to whom did He swear that they should not enter His rest, but to those who were disobedient?

Amplified Bible
And to whom did He swear [an oath] that they would not enter His rest, but to those who disobeyed [those who would not listen to His word]?

Christian Standard Bible
And to whom did he swear that they would not enter his rest, if not to those who disobeyed?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And who did He swear to that they would not enter His rest, if not those who disobeyed?

American Standard Version
And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that were disobedient?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And concerning whom did he swear that they would not enter his rest, but those who were unconvinced?

Contemporary English Version
And who did God say would never enter his place of rest? Weren't they the ones that disobeyed him?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to whom did he swear, that they should not enter into his rest: but to them that were incredulous?

English Revised Version
And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that were disobedient?

Good News Translation
When God made his solemn promise, "They will never enter the land where I would have given them rest"--of whom was he speaking? Of those who rebelled.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who did God swear would never enter his place of rest? He was talking about those who didn't obey him.

International Standard Version
And to whom did he swear that they would never enter his rest? It was to those who disobeyed him, was it not?

Literal Standard Version
And to whom did He swear that they will not enter into His rest, except to those who did not believe?

NET Bible
And to whom did he swear they would never enter into his rest, except those who were disobedient?

New Heart English Bible
To whom did he swear that they would not enter into his rest, but to those who were disobedient?

Weymouth New Testament
And to whom did He swear that they should not be admitted to His rest, if it was not to those who were disobedient?

World English Bible
To whom did he swear that they wouldn't enter into his rest, but to those who were disobedient?

Young's Literal Translation
and to whom did He swear that they shall not enter into His rest, except to those who did not believe? --

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Peril of Unbelief
17And with whom was God angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness? 18And to whom did He swear that they would never enter His rest? Was it not to those who disobeyed? 19So we see that it was because of their unbelief that they were unable to enter.…

Cross References
Numbers 14:23
not one will ever see the land that I swore to give their fathers. None of those who have treated Me with contempt will see it.

Numbers 14:37
those men who had brought out the bad report about the land--were struck down by a plague before the LORD.

Deuteronomy 1:34
When the LORD heard your words, He grew angry and swore an oath, saying,

Psalm 78:22
because they did not believe God or rely on His salvation.

John 3:36
Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life. Whoever rejects the Son will not see life. Instead, the wrath of God remains on him."

Romans 11:30
Just as you who formerly disobeyed God have now received mercy through their disobedience,

Hebrews 4:2
For we also received the good news just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, since they did not share the faith of those who comprehended it.


Treasury of Scripture

And to whom swore he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?

to whom.

Hebrews 3:11
So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)

Numbers 14:30
Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.

Deuteronomy 1:34,35
And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and sware, saying, …

but.

Numbers 14:11
And the LORD said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them?

Numbers 20:12
And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.

Deuteronomy 1:26-32
Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God: …









(18) That believed not.--Rather, that disobeyed. Every part of the solemn sentences of the Psalm is applied to the reader's conscience, that the effect of the whole warning may be deepened: the nature of the transgression is thus brought out with the strongest emphasis. Those with whom God was angry had provoked God (Hebrews 3:16), had sinned (Hebrews 3:17), had been disobedient, had refused to believe His word (Hebrews 3:19). The action of the Israelites (Numbers 14) involved at once disobedience to God's command that they should advance to the conquest of the land, and want of faith in the promise which made victory sure.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
And
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

to whom
τίσιν (tisin)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

did He swear [that they]
ὤμοσεν (ōmosen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 3660: A prolonged form of a primary, but obsolete omo, for which another prolonged form omoo is used in certain tenses; to swear, i.e. Take oath.

would never enter
εἰσελεύσεσθαι (eiseleusesthai)
Verb - Future Infinitive Middle
Strong's 1525: To go in, come in, enter. From eis and erchomai; to enter.

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

rest?
κατάπαυσιν (katapausin)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 2663: From katapauo; reposing down, i.e. abode.

[Was it]
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

not
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

to those who
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

disobeyed?
ἀπειθήσασιν (apeithēsasin)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's 544: To disobey, rebel, be disloyal, refuse conformity. From apeithes; to disbelieve.


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NT Letters: Hebrews 3:18 To whom did he swear that they (Heb. He. Hb)
Hebrews 3:17
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