Hebrews 3:16
New International Version
Who were they who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt?

New Living Translation
And who was it who rebelled against God, even though they heard his voice? Wasn’t it the people Moses led out of Egypt?

English Standard Version
For who were those who heard and yet rebelled? Was it not all those who left Egypt led by Moses?

Berean Study Bible
For who were the ones who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt?

Berean Literal Bible
For who were those having heard, rebelled, but not all those having come out of Egypt by the leading of Moses?

New American Standard Bible
For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses?

New King James Version
For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses?

King James Bible
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

Christian Standard Bible
For who heard and rebelled? Wasn't it all who came out of Egypt under Moses?

Contemporary English Version
Who were those people that heard God's voice and rebelled? Weren't they the same ones that came out of Egypt with Moses?

Good News Translation
Who were the people who heard God's voice and rebelled against him? All those who were led out of Egypt by Moses.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For who heard and rebelled? Wasn't it really all who came out of Egypt under Moses?

International Standard Version
Now who heard him and provoked him? Was it not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses?

NET Bible
For which ones heard and rebelled? Was it not all who came out of Egypt under Moses' leadership?

New Heart English Bible
For who, when they heard, rebelled? No, did not all those who came out of Egypt by Moses?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For who were those who heard and angered him? Was it not all of these who went out from Egypt by Moses?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who heard God and rebelled? All those whom Moses led out of Egypt rebelled.

New American Standard 1977
For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses?

Jubilee Bible 2000
For some of those that came out of Egypt with Moses, when they had heard, did provoke; howbeit not all.

King James 2000 Bible
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: yet not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

American King James Version
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: however, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

American Standard Version
For who, when they heard, did provoke? nay, did not all they that came out of Egypt by Moses?

Douay-Rheims Bible
For some who heard did provoke: but not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

Darby Bible Translation
(for who was it, who, having heard, provoked? but [was it] not all who came out of Egypt by Moses?

English Revised Version
For who, when they heard, did provoke? nay, did not all they that came out of Egypt by Moses?

Webster's Bible Translation
For some, when they had heard, did provoke: yet, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

Weymouth New Testament
For who were they that heard, and yet provoked God? Was it not the whole of the people who had come out of Egypt under the leadership of Moses?

World English Bible
For who, when they heard, rebelled? No, didn't all those who came out of Egypt by Moses?

Young's Literal Translation
for certain having heard did provoke, but not all who did come out of Egypt through Moses;
Study Bible
The Peril of Unbelief
15As it has been said: “Today, if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts, as you did in the rebellion.” 16For who were the ones who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt? 17And with whom was God angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness?…
Cross References
Numbers 14:2
All the Israelites grumbled against Moses and Aaron, and the whole congregation said to them, "If only we had died in the land of Egypt, or if only we had died in this wilderness!

Numbers 14:11
And the LORD said to Moses, "How long will this people treat Me with contempt? How long will they refuse to believe in Me, despite all the signs I have performed among them?

Deuteronomy 1:35
"Not one of the men of this evil generation shall see the good land I swore to give your fathers,

Deuteronomy 1:36
except Caleb the son of Jephunneh. He will see it, and I will give him and his descendants the land on which he has set foot, because he followed the LORD wholeheartedly."

Psalm 78:17
But they continued to sin against Him, rebelling in the desert against the Most High.

Psalm 78:40
How often they disobeyed Him in the wilderness and grieved Him in the desert.

Jeremiah 32:29
And the Chaldeans who are fighting against this city will come in, set it on fire, and burn it, along with the houses of those who provoked Me to anger by burning incense to Baal on their rooftops and by pouring out drink offerings to other gods.

Jeremiah 44:3
because of the evil they have done. They provoked Me to anger by continuing to burn incense and to serve other gods that neither they nor you nor your fathers ever knew.

Jeremiah 44:8
provoking Me to anger by the work of your hands, burning incense to other gods in the land of Egypt where you have gone to reside. As a result, you will be cut off and become an object of cursing and reproach among all the nations of the earth.

Jude 1:5
Although you are fully aware of this, I want to remind you that after Jesus had delivered His people out of the land of Egypt, He destroyed those who did not believe.

Treasury of Scripture

For some, when they had heard, did provoke: however, not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

some.

Hebrews 3:9,10
When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years…

Numbers 14:2,4
And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! …

Numbers 26:65
For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.

not.

Numbers 14:24,30,38
But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it…

Deuteronomy 1:36,38
Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him will I give the land that he hath trodden upon, and to his children, because he hath wholly followed the LORD…

Joshua 14:7-11
Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadeshbarnea to espy out the land; and I brought him word again as it was in mine heart…







Lexicon
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

who were the ones who
Τίνες (Tines)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

heard
ἀκούσαντες (akousantes)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 191: To hear, listen, comprehend by hearing; pass: is heard, reported. A primary verb; to hear.

[and] rebelled?
παρεπίκραναν (parepikranan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 3893: To embitter, provoke, irritate. From para and pikraino; to embitter alongside, i.e. to exasperate.

[Were they] not
οὐ (ou)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

all
πάντες (pantes)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

those
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Moses
Μωϋσέως (Mōuseōs)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3475: Or Moses, or Mouses of Hebrew origin; Moseus, Moses, or Mouses, the Hebrew lawgiver.

led
διὰ (dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

out of
ἐξ (ex)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

Egypt?
Αἰγύπτου (Aigyptou)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 125: Egypt. Of uncertain derivation.
(16) For.--The connecting link is the thought of "the provocation." A slight change in the accentuation of the first Greek word effects a complete change in the sense: For who when they had heard did provoke? Nay, was it not all that came out of Egypt through Moses? Those who were disobedient were the people whom God, through Moses, had but now delivered from bondage! The two exceptions (Numbers 14:30) are left out of account in the presence of the multitude of rebels. There can be little doubt that the above translation (now generally received) presents the true meaning of the verse. It will be remembered that the oldest MSS. give no evidence on such points as accentuation, and therefore leave our judgment free. In modern times Bengel was the first to point out the true form of the Greek word; but one of the ancient versions (the Peschito-Syriac), and at least three of the Greek Fathers, are found to give the same interpretation. It will be seen at once that, with this arrangement of the words, the present verse is similar in structure to the two following.

Verses 16-19. - For who, when they heard, provoked? Nay, did not all those who came out of Egypt by Moses. That both these clauses are interrogative, and not as taken in the A.V., is now the prevalent view. The reasons for thus understanding them are

(1) the analogy of the two following verses, both of which are interrogative, and in the first of which a question is similarly answered by putting another; and

(2) the sense required. If the clauses were assertions, they could only be meant to express that the provocation was not universal, inasmuch as Joshua and Caleb (and it might be some few others) remained faithful. But to say this is unnecessary and irrelevant to the argument, the drift of which is to warn by "the example of unbelief;" and could τινὲς ("some") possibly be used to denote the whole congregation with the exception of so few? It is to be observed, too, that the ἀλλ οὐ at the beginning of the second clause is a proper Greek expression (equivalent to "nay") in the case of one question being answered by another (cf. Luke 17:7, 8). This verse, then (γὰρ retaining its usual sense of "for"), begins a proof, put in the form of a series of questions, of the preceding implied proposition, viz. that the retention of Christian privilege is dependent on perseverance, and that the privilege may be forfeited. In order to show this fully, the history of Numbers 14, referred to in the warning of the psalm, is examined in connection with the successive expressions of the warning; and it thus appears that all who came out of Egypt by Moses (the small exception of the faithful spies being disregarded) provoked God, and so forfeited their privilege, and that the cause of their failure was sin, disobedience, and, at the root of all, unbelief. The conclusion is obvious that, as their example is held out in the psalm as a warning to us, we may, all or any of us, similarly forfeit our higher calling. That the psalm is a warning to us, the rest it points to being the rest won for us by Christ, is more fully shown in the following chapter. We observe how the leading words in Psalm 95. are taken in succession in the three successive verses - παραπικρασμός in ver. 16, προσώχθισα in ver. 17, ὤμοσα in ver. 18 - and how answers to the three questions suggested by these words are found in Numbers 14. - to the first, in vers. 2, 10, etc., "all the children of Israel," "all the congregation;" to the second, in vers. 29-34, with citation of the words used; to the third, in vers. 21-24. It is to be observed, further, that it is not simply ἀπιστία, but its exhibition in actual sin and disobedience (τοῖς ἀμαρτήσασι τοῖς ἀπειθήσασι), that is spoken of as calling forth the Divine wrath and the Divine oath. The second of the above words implies more titan "believed not" (as in the A.V.); ἀπειθεῖν differs from ἀπιστεῖν in implying disobedience or contumacy. And this view of the case of the Israelites agrees entirely with the historical record, where an actual rebellion is spoken of a refusal to go on with the work they had been called to. It suits also the application to the case of the Hebrew Christians, among whom (as has been said) it was not only wavering of faith, but, as its consequence, remissness in moral duty and in the facing of trial, of which the writer of the Epistle had perceived symptoms, and on the ground of which he warns them to take heed lest growing indifference should be hardened into apostasy. But in both instances, as faith is the root of all virtue, so want of it was the cause, and again the growing result, of moral decadence. And so the argument is summed up in the concluding verse, And we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.



3:14-19 The saints' privilege is, they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, the nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all Christ is, in all he has done, or will do. The same spirit with which Christians set out in the ways of God, they should maintain unto the end. Perseverance in faith is the best evidence of the sincerity of our faith. Hearing the word often is a means of salvation, yet, if not hearkened to, it will expose more to the Divine wrath. The happiness of being partakers of Christ and his complete salvation, and the fear of God's wrath and eternal misery, should stir us up to persevere in the life of obedient faith. Let us beware of trusting to outward privileges or professions, and pray to be numbered with the true believers who enter heaven, when all others fail because of unbelief. As our obedience follows according to the power of our faith, so our sins and want of care are according to the prevailing of unbelief in us.
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Alphabetical: all and by came did Egypt For had heard Him Indeed led Moses not of out provoked rebelled they those were when Who

NT Letters: Hebrews 3:16 For who when they heard rebelled? No (Heb. He. Hb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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