Hebrews 3:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And to whom did God swear that they would never enter his rest if not to those who disobeyed?

King James Bible
And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?

Darby Bible Translation
And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to those who had not hearkened to the word?

World English Bible
To whom did he swear that they wouldn't enter into his rest, but to those who were disobedient?

Young's Literal Translation
and to whom did He swear that they shall not enter into His rest, except to those who did not believe? --

Hebrews 3:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

To whom sware he - God never acts by any kind of caprice; whenever he pours out his judgments, there are the most positive reasons to vindicate his conduct.

Those whose carcasses fell in the wilderness were they who had sinned. And those who did not enter into his rest were those who believed not. God is represented here as swearing that they should not enter in, in order to show the determinate nature of his purpose, the reason on which it was founded, and the height of the aggravation which occasioned it.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

to whom. See on ver.

Hebrews 3:11 So I swore in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)

Numbers 14:30 Doubtless you shall not come into the land, concerning which I swore to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh...

Deuteronomy 1:34,35 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and swore, saying...

but.

Numbers 14:11 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me...

Numbers 20:12 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, Because you believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel...

Deuteronomy 1:26-32 Notwithstanding you would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God...

Deuteronomy 9:23 Likewise when the LORD sent you from Kadeshbarnea, saying, Go up and possess the land which I have given you...

Psalm 106:24-26 Yes, they despised the pleasant land, they believed not his word...

Library
March 22. "Hold Fast the Confidence and the Rejoicing of the Hope Firm unto the End" (Heb. Iii. 6).
"Hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end" (Heb. iii. 6). The attitude of faith is simple trust. It is Elijah saying to Ahab, "There is a sound of abundance of rain." But then there comes usually a deeper experience in which the prayer is inwrought; it is Elijah on the mount, with his face between his knees, travailing, as it were, in birth for the promised blessing. He has believed for it--and now he must take. The first is Joash shooting the arrow out of the windows,
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Mind of Jesus.
THE MIND OF JESUS! What a study is this! To attain a dim reflection of it, is the ambition of angels--higher they can not soar. "To be conformed to the image of His Son!"--it is the end of God in the predestination of His Church from all eternity. "We shall be like Him!"--it is the Bible picture of heaven! In a former little volume, we pondered some of the gracious Words which proceeded out of the mouth of Jesus. In the present, we have a few faint lineaments of that holy Character which constituted
John R. Macduff—The Mind of Jesus

Jesus Angry with Hard Hearts
But I must not let imagination mislead me: they did nothing of the kind. Instead of this, they sat watching the Lord Jesus, not to be delighted by an act of his power, but to find somewhat of which they might accuse him. When all came to all, the utmost that they would be able to allege would be that he had healed a withered hand on the Sabbath. Overlooking the commendation due for the miracle of healing, they laid the emphasis upon its being done on the Sabbath; and held up their hands with horror
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 32: 1886

The Work of the Holy Spirit in Jesus Christ.
Jesus Christ Himself is the one perfect manifestation in history of the complete work of the Holy Spirit in man. 1. Jesus Christ was begotten of the Holy Spirit. We read in Luke i. 35, R. V., "And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee; and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: wherefore also that which is to be born shall be called holy, the Son of God." As we have already seen, in regeneration the believer is begotten of God, but Jesus Christ was
R. A. Torrey—The Person and Work of The Holy Spirit

Cross References
Numbers 14:23
not one of them will ever see the land I promised on oath to their ancestors. No one who has treated me with contempt will ever see it.

Numbers 14:37
these men who were responsible for spreading the bad report about the land were struck down and died of a plague before the LORD.

Deuteronomy 1:34
When the LORD heard what you said, he was angry and solemnly swore:

Psalm 78:22
for they did not believe in God or trust in his deliverance.

John 3:36
Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God's wrath remains on them.

Romans 11:30
Just as you who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy as a result of their disobedience,

Hebrews 4:2
For we also have had the good news proclaimed to us, just as they did; but the message they heard was of no value to them, because they did not share the faith of those who obeyed.

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