Hebrews 3:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And with whom was he angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies perished in the wilderness?

King James Bible
But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?

Darby Bible Translation
And with whom was he wroth forty years? [Was it] not with those who had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?

World English Bible
With whom was he displeased forty years? Wasn't it with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness?

Young's Literal Translation
but with whom was He grieved forty years? was it not with those who did sin, whose carcasses fell in the wilderness?

Hebrews 3:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But with whom was he grieved forty years? - I believe it was Surenhusius who first observed that "the apostle, in using the term forty years, elegantly alludes to the space of time which had elapsed since the ascension of our Lord till the time in which this epistle was written, which was about forty years." But this does not exactly agree with what appears to be the exact date of this epistle. However, God had now been a long time provoked by that race rejecting the manifested Messiah, as he was by the conduct of their forefathers in the wilderness; and as that provocation was punished by a very signal judgment, so they might expect this to be punished also. The analogy was perfect in the crimes, and it might reasonably be expected to be so in the punishment. And was not the destruction of Jerusalem a proof of the heinous nature of their crimes, and of the justice of God's outpoured wrath?

Whose carcasses fell - Ὡν τα κωλα επεσεν· Whose members fell; for τα κωλα properly signifies the members of the body, and here may be an allusion to the scattered, bleached bones of this people, that were a long time apparent in the wilderness, continuing there as a proof of their crimes, and of the judgments of God.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

with him. See on ver.

Hebrews 3:10 Why I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do always err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.

was it.

Numbers 26:64,65 But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered...

1 Corinthians 10:1-13 Moreover, brothers, I would not that you should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud...

whose.

Numbers 14:22,29,32,33 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness...

Deuteronomy 2:15,16 For indeed the hand of the LORD was against them, to destroy them from among the host, until they were consumed...

Jeremiah 9:22 Speak, Thus said the LORD, Even the carcasses of men shall fall as dung on the open field, and as the handful after the harvestman...

Jude 1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though you once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt...

Library
March 22. "Hold Fast the Confidence and the Rejoicing of the Hope Firm unto the End" (Heb. Iii. 6).
"Hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end" (Heb. iii. 6). The attitude of faith is simple trust. It is Elijah saying to Ahab, "There is a sound of abundance of rain." But then there comes usually a deeper experience in which the prayer is inwrought; it is Elijah on the mount, with his face between his knees, travailing, as it were, in birth for the promised blessing. He has believed for it--and now he must take. The first is Joash shooting the arrow out of the windows,
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Mind of Jesus.
THE MIND OF JESUS! What a study is this! To attain a dim reflection of it, is the ambition of angels--higher they can not soar. "To be conformed to the image of His Son!"--it is the end of God in the predestination of His Church from all eternity. "We shall be like Him!"--it is the Bible picture of heaven! In a former little volume, we pondered some of the gracious Words which proceeded out of the mouth of Jesus. In the present, we have a few faint lineaments of that holy Character which constituted
John R. Macduff—The Mind of Jesus

Jesus Angry with Hard Hearts
But I must not let imagination mislead me: they did nothing of the kind. Instead of this, they sat watching the Lord Jesus, not to be delighted by an act of his power, but to find somewhat of which they might accuse him. When all came to all, the utmost that they would be able to allege would be that he had healed a withered hand on the Sabbath. Overlooking the commendation due for the miracle of healing, they laid the emphasis upon its being done on the Sabbath; and held up their hands with horror
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 32: 1886

The Work of the Holy Spirit in Jesus Christ.
Jesus Christ Himself is the one perfect manifestation in history of the complete work of the Holy Spirit in man. 1. Jesus Christ was begotten of the Holy Spirit. We read in Luke i. 35, R. V., "And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee; and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: wherefore also that which is to be born shall be called holy, the Son of God." As we have already seen, in regeneration the believer is begotten of God, but Jesus Christ was
R. A. Torrey—The Person and Work of The Holy Spirit

Cross References
Numbers 14:28
So tell them, 'As surely as I live, declares the LORD, I will do to you the very thing I heard you say:

Numbers 14:29
In this wilderness your bodies will fall--every one of you twenty years old or more who was counted in the census and who has grumbled against me.

Numbers 14:37
these men who were responsible for spreading the bad report about the land were struck down and died of a plague before the LORD.

Numbers 26:64
Not one of them was among those counted by Moses and Aaron the priest when they counted the Israelites in the Desert of Sinai.

Psalm 95:10
For forty years I was angry with that generation; I said, 'They are a people whose hearts go astray, and they have not known my ways.'

1 Corinthians 10:5
Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered in the wilderness.

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