Psalm 110:2
New International Version
The LORD will extend your mighty scepter from Zion, saying, "Rule in the midst of your enemies!"

New Living Translation
The LORD will extend your powerful kingdom from Jerusalem; you will rule over your enemies.

English Standard Version
The LORD sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter. Rule in the midst of your enemies!

Berean Study Bible
The LORD will extend Your mighty scepter from Zion: “Rule in the midst of your enemies.”

New American Standard Bible
The LORD will stretch forth Your strong scepter from Zion, saying, "Rule in the midst of Your enemies."

King James Bible
The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD will extend your mighty scepter from Zion. Rule over your surrounding enemies.

Contemporary English Version
The LORD will let your power reach out from Zion, and you will rule over your enemies.

Good News Translation
From Zion the LORD will extend your royal power. "Rule over your enemies," he says.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD will extend Your mighty scepter from Zion. Rule over Your surrounding enemies.

International Standard Version
When the LORD extends your mighty scepter from Zion, rule in the midst of your enemies.

NET Bible
The LORD extends your dominion from Zion. Rule in the midst of your enemies!

New Heart English Bible
The LORD will send forth the rod of your strength out of Zion. Rule in the midst of your enemies.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Lord Jehovah will send the scepter of power to you from Zion and he will rule over your enemies.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD will extend your powerful scepter from Zion. Rule your enemies who surround you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The rod of Thy strength the LORD will send out of Zion: 'Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.'

New American Standard 1977
The LORD will stretch forth Thy strong scepter from Zion, saying, “Rule in the midst of Thine enemies.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion; rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

King James 2000 Bible
The LORD shall send the rod of your strength out of Zion: rule you in the midst of your enemies.

American King James Version
The LORD shall send the rod of your strength out of Zion: rule you in the middle of your enemies.

American Standard Version
Jehovah will send forth the rod of thy strength out of Zion: Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The Lord shall send out a rod of power for thee out of Sion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord will send forth the sceptre of thy power out of Sion: rule thou in the midst of thy enemies.

Darby Bible Translation
Jehovah shall send the sceptre of thy might out of Zion: rule in the midst of thine enemies.

English Revised Version
The LORD shall send forth the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD will send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thy enemies.

World English Bible
Yahweh will send forth the rod of your strength out of Zion. Rule in the midst of your enemies.

Young's Literal Translation
The rod of thy strength doth Jehovah send from Zion, Rule in the midst of thine enemies.
Study Bible
God's Faithful Messiah
1A Psalm of David. The LORD said to my Lord: “Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.” 2The LORD will extend Your mighty scepter from Zion: “Rule in the midst of your enemies.” 3Your people shall be willing on Your day of battle. Arrayed in holy splendor, from the womb of the dawn, to You belongs the dew of Your youth.…
Cross References
Psalm 2:9
You will break them an iron scepter; You will shatter them like pottery."

Psalm 20:2
May He send you help from the sanctuary and sustain you from Zion.

Psalm 45:6
Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever, and justice is the scepter of Your kingdom.

Psalm 72:8
May he rule from sea to sea, and from the Euphrates to the ends of the earth.

Jeremiah 48:17
Mourn for him, all you who surround him, everyone who knows his name; tell how the mighty scepter is shattered--the glorious staff!

Ezekiel 19:14
Fire has gone out from its main branch and devoured its fruit, and no strong branch that remains is fit for a ruler's scepter.' This is a lament and shall be used as a lament."

Daniel 7:13
In my vision in the night I continued to watch: And I saw One like a Son of Man coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into His presence.

Daniel 7:14
And He was given dominion, glory, and kingship, so that every people, nation, and language should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and His kingdom is one that will never be destroyed.

Treasury of Scripture

The LORD shall send the rod of your strength out of Zion: rule you in the middle of your enemies.

the rod

Exodus 7:19
And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.

Exodus 8:5
And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.

Micah 7:14
Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily in the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.

out

Isaiah 2:3
And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

Ezekiel 47:1
Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house stood toward the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south side of the altar.

Micah 4:2
And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

rule

Psalm 2:8,9
Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession…

Psalm 22:28,29
For the kingdom is the LORD'S: and he is the governor among the nations…

Psalm 45:5
Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.







Lexicon
The LORD
יְ֭הוָה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

will extend
יִשְׁלַ֣ח (yiš·laḥ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

Your mighty
עֻזְּךָ֗ (‘uz·zə·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5797: Strength, might

scepter
מַטֵּֽה־ (maṭ·ṭêh-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4294: A staff, rod, shaft, branch, a tribe

from Zion:
מִצִּיּ֑וֹן (miṣ·ṣî·yō·wn)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6726: Zion -- a mountain in Jerusalem, also a name for Jerusalem

“Rule
רְ֝דֵ֗ה (rə·ḏêh)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7287: To tread down, subjugate, to crumble off

in the midst
בְּקֶ֣רֶב (bə·qe·reḇ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7130: The nearest part, the center

of your enemies.”
אֹיְבֶֽיךָ׃ (’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary
(2) Send.--The verb should be here rendered stretch, as in Genesis 22:10; Genesis 48:14, and frequently of stretching out the hand, often with hostile intent. The poet here speaks in his own person, addressing the King, to whom the oracle has just been announced.

Rod of thy strength--i.e., the sceptre, which is the emblem of royal power and sway. (See Jeremiah 48:17.) The word "staff" is different from that rendered "rod," in Psalm 2:9; and the image is not, as there, necessarily of a weapon of destruction, but only of kingly rule, as in Psalm 45:6.

Rule thou . . .--It is better to take these words as a quotation, and understand them as spoken of Jehovah. In the picture before us the Divine King seats the earthly monarch by His side, and taking his sceptre from his hand, stretches it in token of the wide empire he is to administer from Zion, where they sit enthroned, over the surrounding nations, and bids him assume the offered sway, in spite of the foes that surround him at present. The expression "in the midst," instead of "over," implies the condition under which the sovereignty was to be assumed, as also does the rest of the psalm, proceeding to describe the wars by which ultimate triumph over the hostile tribes would be secured.

Verse 2. - The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion. "The rod of thy strength," or "thy strong scepter," is the same thing as "thy ruling power" (see Jeremiah 48:17; Ezekiel 19:11). The ruling power of Messiah was to go forth from Jerusalem (Acts 1:4-8; Acts 2:1-4). Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Ac cording to Professor Cheyne, these are the words of Jehovah - a continuation of the address in ver. 1; but they are more gene rally regarded as the words of the writer of the psalm, i.e., according to our exegesis, of David. He calls on the Messiah to take his power and reign. 110:1-7 Christ's kingdom. - Glorious things are here spoken of Christ. Not only he should be superior to all the kings of the earth, but he then existed in glory as the eternal Son of God. Sitting is a resting posture: after services and sufferings, to give law, to give judgment. It is a remaining posture: he sits like a king for ever. All his enemies are now in a chain, but not yet made his footstool. And his kingdom, being set up, shall be kept up in the world, in despite of all the powers of darkness. Christ's people are a willing people. The power of the Spirit, going with the power of the world, to the people of Christs, is effectual to make them willing. They shall attend him in the beautiful attire of holiness; which becomes his house for ever. And he shall have many devoted to him. The dew of our youth, even in the morning of our days, ought to be consecrated to our Lord Jesus. Christ shall not only be a King, but a Priest. He is God's Minister to us, and our Advocate with the Father, and so is the Mediator between God and man. He is a Priest of the order of Melchizedek, which was before that of Aaron, and on many accounts superior to it, and a more lively representation of Christ's priesthood. Christ's sitting at the right hand of God, speaks as much terror to his enemies as happiness to his people. The effect of this victory shall be the utter ruin of his enemies. We have here the Redeemer saving his friends, and comforting them. He shall be humbled; he shall drink of the brook in the way. The wrath of God, running in the curse of the law, may be considered as the brook in the way of his undertaking. Christ drank of the waters of affliction in his way to the throne of glory. But he shall be exalted. What then are we? Has the gospel of Christ been to us the power of God unto salvation? Has his kingdom been set up in our hearts? Are we his willing subjects? Once we knew not our need of his salvation, and we were not willing that he should reign over us. Are we willing to give up every sin, to turn from a wicked, insnaring world, and rely only on his merits and mercy, to have him for our Prophet, Priest, and King? and do we desire to be holy? To those who are thus changed, the Saviour's sacrifice, intercession, and blessing belong.
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