Mark 2:25
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He answered, "Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?

New Living Translation
Jesus said to them, "Haven't you ever read in the Scriptures what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

English Standard Version
And he said to them, “Have you never read what David did, when he was in need and was hungry, he and those who were with him:

Berean Study Bible
But Jesus replied, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?

Berean Literal Bible
And He said to them, "Did you never read what David did when he had need, and he and those with him hungered--

New American Standard Bible
And He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and he and his companions became hungry;

King James Bible
And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

Christian Standard Bible
He said to them, "Have you never read what David and those who were with him did when he was in need and hungry--

Contemporary English Version
Jesus answered, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his followers were hungry and in need?

Good News Translation
Jesus answered, "Have you never read what David did that time when he needed something to eat? He and his men were hungry,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He said to them, "Have you never read what David and those who were with him did when he was in need and hungry--

International Standard Version
He asked them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?

NET Bible
He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and he and his companions were hungry--

New Heart English Bible
And he said to them, "Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry--he, and those who were with him?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Yeshua said to them, “Have you never read what David did when he was in great need and was hungry, he and his companions,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus asked them, "Haven't you ever read what David did when he and his men were in need and were hungry?

New American Standard 1977
And He said to them, “Have you never read what David did when he was in need and became hungry, he and his companions:

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did when he had need and was hungry, he and those that were with him?

King James 2000 Bible
And he said unto them, Have you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry, he, and they that were with him?

American King James Version
And he said to them, Have you never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungered, he, and they that were with him?

American Standard Version
And he said unto them, Did ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry, he, and they that were with him?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?

Darby Bible Translation
And he said to them, Have ye never read what David did when he had need and hungered, he and those with him,

English Revised Version
And he said unto them, Did ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said to them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry, he and they that were with him?

Weymouth New Testament
"Have you never read," Jesus replied, "what David did when the necessity arose and he and his men were hungry:

World English Bible
He said to them, "Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry--he, and those who were with him?

Young's Literal Translation
And he said to them, 'Did ye never read what David did, when he had need and was hungry, he and those with him?
Study Bible
The Lord of the Sabbath
24So the Pharisees said to Him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?” 25But Jesus replied, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need? 26During the high priesthood of Abiathar, he entered the house of God and ate the consecrated bread, which was lawful only for the priests. And he gave some to his companions as well.”…
Cross References
Matthew 4:2
After fasting forty days and forty nights, He was hungry.

Mark 2:24
So the Pharisees said to Him, "Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?"

Mark 2:26
During the high priesthood of Abiathar, he entered the house of God and ate the consecrated bread, which was lawful only for the priests. And he gave some to his companions as well."

Treasury of Scripture

And he said to them, Have you never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungered, he, and they that were with him?

Have.

Mark 12:20,26 Now there were seven brothers: and the first took a wife, and dying …

Matthew 19:4 And he answered and said to them, Have you not read, that he which …

Matthew 21:16,42 And said to him, Hear you what these say? And Jesus said to them, …

Matthew 22:31 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have you not read that …

Luke 10:26 He said to him, What is written in the law? how read you?

what.

1 Samuel 21:3-6 Now therefore what is under your hand? give me five loaves of bread …







Verses 25, 26. - David... and they that were with him. This seems opposed to what we read in 1 Samuel 21, where David is stated to have been alone. But the facts appear to have been these, that David, fleeing from Saul, went alone to Ahimelech the high priest, and sought and obtained five loaves of the "shewbread," which he carried away with him to his companions in flight, and shared with them; for he says (1 Samuel 21:2), "I have appointed my servants to such and such a place." This incident actually happened in the high priesthood of Ahimelech the father of Abiathar. Bede says that they were both present when David came in his distress and obtained the shewbread. But Ahimelech having been slain, together with eighty-six priests, by Saul, Abiathar fled to David, and became his companion in his exile. Moreover, when he succeeded to the high priesthood on the death of Ahimelech, he did far more good service than his father had done, and so was worthy of being spoken of with this special commendation, and as though he was actually high priest, even though his father was then living. The words may properly mean "in the days when Abiathar was living who became high priest, and was more eminent than his father." The shewbread; literally, the bread of the face, that is, of the Divine presence, symbolizing the Divine Being who is the Bread of life. It was directed by the Law that within the sanctuary there should be a table of shittim (or acacia) wood; and every sabbath twelve newly baked loaves were placed upon it in two rows. These leaves were sprinkled with incense, and then remained there until the following sabbath. They were then replaced by twelve newly baked loaves, the old loaves being eaten by the priests in the holy place, from which it was unlawful to remove them. These twelve loaves corresponded to the twelve tribes. The force of our Lord's reasoning is this: David, a man after God's own heart, when sorely pressed by hunger, applied to the high priest and took some of these sacred loaves, loaves which under ordinary circumstances it was not lawful for the lay people to eat, because he wisely judged that a positive law, forbidding the laity to eat this bread, ought to yield to a law of necessity and of nature; which intimates to us that in a grave necessity of famine, life may be lawfully preserved by eating even sacred bread which has been dedicated to God. Therefore, in like manner, nay, much more, was it lawful for Christ and his disciples to pluck the ears of corn on the sabbath day, that by rubbing them in their hands they might pick out the good grain and satisfy their hunger. And he said unto them,.... By way of answer to their question, and which was a full one, and enough to silence them:

have ye never read what David did; referring to the history in 1 Samuel 21:1.

when he had need: of bread, was in great necessity, and in the utmost distress:

and was an hungered, he, and they that were with him? which was a justifiable reason for what he and his company did; as it was for the action of the disciples; being in a like case, and therefore very appropriate to the purpose; See Gill on Matthew 12:3. 2:23-28 The sabbath is a sacred and Divine institution; a privilege and benefit, not a task and drudgery. God never designed it to be a burden to us, therefore we must not make it so to ourselves. The sabbath was instituted for the good of mankind, as living in society, having many wants and troubles, preparing for a state of happiness or misery. Man was not made for the sabbath, as if his keeping it could be of service to God, nor was he commanded to keep it outward observances to his real hurt. Every observance respecting it, is to be interpreted by the rule of mercy.
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