Mark 2:24
New International Version
The Pharisees said to him, "Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?"

New Living Translation
But the Pharisees said to Jesus, “Look, why are they breaking the law by harvesting grain on the Sabbath?”

English Standard Version
And the Pharisees were saying to him, “Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?”

Berean Study Bible
So the Pharisees said to Him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?”

Berean Literal Bible
And the Pharisees were saying to Him, "Behold, why do they that which is unlawful on the Sabbaths?"

New American Standard Bible
The Pharisees were saying to Him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?"

King James Bible
And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

Christian Standard Bible
The Pharisees said to him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?"

Contemporary English Version
Some Pharisees asked Jesus, "Why are your disciples picking grain on the Sabbath? They are not supposed to do that!"

Good News Translation
So the Pharisees said to Jesus, "Look, it is against our Law for your disciples to do that on the Sabbath!"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Pharisees said to Him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?"

International Standard Version
The Pharisees asked him, "Look! Why are they doing what is not lawful on Sabbath days?"

NET Bible
So the Pharisees said to him, "Look, why are they doing what is against the law on the Sabbath?"

New Heart English Bible
And the Pharisees said to him, "Look, why do they do that which is not lawful on the Sabbath day?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Pharisees were saying to him, “Look, why are they doing something that is illegal on the Sabbath?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Pharisees asked him, "Look! Why are your disciples doing something that is not permitted on the day of worship?"

New American Standard 1977
And the Pharisees were saying to Him, “See here, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

King James 2000 Bible
And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

American King James Version
And the Pharisees said to him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

American Standard Version
And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

Darby Bible Translation
And the Pharisees said to him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath what is not lawful?

English Revised Version
And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Pharisees said to him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath that which is not lawful?

Weymouth New Testament
So the Pharisees said to Him, "Look! why are they doing what on the Sabbath is unlawful?"

World English Bible
The Pharisees said to him, "Behold, why do they do that which is not lawful on the Sabbath day?"

Young's Literal Translation
and the Pharisees said to him, 'Lo, why do they on the sabbaths that which is not lawful?'
Study Bible
The Lord of the Sabbath
23One Sabbath Jesus was passing through the grainfields, and His disciples began to pick the heads of grain as they walked along. 24So the Pharisees said to Him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?” 25Jesus replied, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?…
Cross References
Matthew 12:2
When the Pharisees saw this, they said to Him, "Look, Your disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath."

Mark 2:25
Jesus replied, "Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need?

Treasury of Scripture

And the Pharisees said to him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

why.

Mark 2:7,16
Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only? …

Matthew 7:3-5
And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? …

Matthew 15:2,3
Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread…

that.

Exodus 20:10
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

Exodus 31:15
Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.

Exodus 35:2,3
Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death…







Lexicon
[So]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Pharisees
Φαρισαῖοι (Pharisaioi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5330: Of Hebrew origin; a separatist, i.e. Exclusively religious; a Pharisean, i.e. Jewish sectary.

said
ἔλεγον (elegon)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

to Him,
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

“Look,
Ἴδε (Ide)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2400: See! Lo! Behold! Look! Second person singular imperative middle voice of eido; used as imperative lo!

why
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

are they doing
ποιοῦσιν (poiousin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

what
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

is unlawful
ἔξεστιν (exestin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1832: It is permitted, lawful, possible.

on the
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Sabbath?”
σάββασιν (sabbasin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4521: The Sabbath, a week.
Verse 24. - That which is not lawful. The supposed unlawfulness was not the plucking of the ears of corn with the hand, which was expressly permitted by the Law (Deuteronomy 23:25), but the plucking and eating on the sabbath day. 2:23-28 The sabbath is a sacred and Divine institution; a privilege and benefit, not a task and drudgery. God never designed it to be a burden to us, therefore we must not make it so to ourselves. The sabbath was instituted for the good of mankind, as living in society, having many wants and troubles, preparing for a state of happiness or misery. Man was not made for the sabbath, as if his keeping it could be of service to God, nor was he commanded to keep it outward observances to his real hurt. Every observance respecting it, is to be interpreted by the rule of mercy.
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