Mark 2:23
New International Version
One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grainfields, and as his disciples walked along, they began to pick some heads of grain.

New Living Translation
One Sabbath day as Jesus was walking through some grainfields, his disciples began breaking off heads of grain to eat.

English Standard Version
One Sabbath he was going through the grainfields, and as they made their way, his disciples began to pluck heads of grain.

Berean Study Bible
One Sabbath Jesus was passing through the grainfields, and His disciples began to pick the heads of grain as they walked along.

Berean Literal Bible
And it came to pass, He is passing through the grainfields on the Sabbaths, and His disciples began to make their way, plucking the heads of grain.

New American Standard Bible
And it happened that He was passing through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples began to make their way along while picking the heads of grain.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

Christian Standard Bible
On the Sabbath he was going through the grainfields, and his disciples began to make their way, picking some heads of grain.

Contemporary English Version
One Sabbath Jesus and his disciples were walking through some wheat fields. His disciples were picking grains of wheat as they went along.

Good News Translation
Jesus was walking through some wheat fields on a Sabbath. As his disciples walked along with him, they began to pick the heads of wheat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
On the Sabbath He was going through the grainfields, and His disciples began to make their way picking some heads of grain.

International Standard Version
Jesus happened to be going through the grain fields on a Sabbath. As they made their way, his disciples began picking the heads of grain.

NET Bible
Jesus was going through the grain fields on a Sabbath, and his disciples began to pick some heads of wheat as they made their way.

New Heart English Bible
And it happened that he was going on the Sabbath day through the grain fields, and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of grain.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And so it was that when Yeshua went out on the Sabbath to a grain field, his disciples were walking and picking the ears of wheat.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Once on a day of worship Jesus was going through the grainfields. As the disciples walked along, they began to pick the heads of grain.

New American Standard 1977
And it came about that He was passing through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples began to make their way along while picking the heads of grain.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass that as he went through the planted fields again on the sabbath day, his disciples began, as they walked, to pluck the ears of grain.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, that he went through the grain fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of grain.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, that he was going on the sabbath day through the grainfields; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass that he went on the sabbath through the cornfields; and his disciples began to walk on, plucking the ears.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, that he was going on the sabbath day through the cornfields; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, that he went through the corn-fields on the sabbath; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

Weymouth New Testament
One Sabbath He was walking through the wheatfields when His disciples began to pluck the ears of wheat as they went.

World English Bible
It happened that he was going on the Sabbath day through the grain fields, and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of grain.

Young's Literal Translation
And it came to pass -- he is going along on the sabbaths through the corn-fields -- and his disciples began to make a way, plucking the ears,
Study Bible
The Lord of the Sabbath
22And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. Instead, new wine is poured into new wineskins.” 23One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grainfields, and His disciples began to pick the heads of grain as they walked along. 24So the Pharisees said to Him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?”…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 23:25
When you enter your neighbor's grainfield, you may pluck the heads of grain with your hand, but you must not put a sickle to your neighbor's grain.

Matthew 12:1
At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat them.

Mark 2:22
And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. If he does, the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. Instead, new wine is poured into new wineskins."

Luke 6:1
One Sabbath Jesus was passing through the grainfields, and His disciples began to pick the heads of grain, rub them in their hands, and eat them.

Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

that.

Matthew 12:1-8
At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat…

Luke 6:1-5
And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands…

to pluck.

Deuteronomy 23:24,25
When thou comest into thy neighbour's vineyard, then thou mayest eat grapes thy fill at thine own pleasure; but thou shalt not put any in thy vessel…







Lexicon
One
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Sabbath
σάββασιν (sabbasin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4521: The Sabbath, a week.

[Jesus]
αὐτὸν (auton)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

was going
παραπορεύεσθαι (paraporeuesthai)
Verb - Present Infinitive Middle or Passive
Strong's Greek 3899: To go past, pass by, pass along by. From para and poreuomai; to travel near.

through
διὰ (dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

the
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

grainfields,
σπορίμων (sporimōn)
Adjective - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4702: Sown; neut. plur: sown fields. From sporos; sown, i.e. a planted field.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

disciples
μαθηταὶ (mathētai)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3101: A learner, disciple, pupil. From manthano; a learner, i.e. Pupil.

began
ἤρξαντο (ērxanto)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 756: To begin. Middle voice of archo; to commence.

to pick
τίλλοντες (tillontes)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5089: To pluck, pluck off. Perhaps akin to the alternate of haireomai, and thus to suro; to pull off.

the
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

heads of grain
στάχυας (stachyas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4719: A head of grain. From the base of histemi; a head of grain.

[as] they walked along.
ποιεῖν (poiein)
Verb - Present Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.
(23-28) And it came to pass.--See Notes on Matthew 12:1-8.

As they went . . .--More literally, they began to make a path (or perhaps, to make their way), plucking the ears of corn.

Verse 23. - If there is a rapid sequence in this part of the narrative, the fasting referred to in the last verses may have taken place the day before. St. Luke (Luke 6:1) here adds to St. Mark's account the words, "and did eat, rubbing them [that is, the ears of corn] in their hands;" an incidental evidence of a simple life, that they did not here eat prepared food, but the simple grains of wheat, which they separated from the chaff by rubbing the ears of corn in their hands. This passage marks with some nicety the time of the year. The corn in that district would be ripening about May. It would, therefore, be not long after the Passover. The difficult expression in St. Luke 6:1, ἐν σαββάτῳ δευτεροπρώτῳ, and which is rendered in the Authorized Version "on the second sabbath after the first," is reduced by the Revisers of 1881 to the simple phrase (ἐν σαββάτῳ), "on a sabbath," there not being sufficient evidence to persuade them to retain the word δευτεροπρώτῳ. But other evidences seem to show that the incident occurred earlier than as recorded by St. Matthew. The Fathers are fond of spiritual applications of this rubbing of the ears of corn. Bede, in remarking upon the fact of the disciples plucking the ears of corn, and rubbing them until they get rid of the husks, and obtain the food itself, says that they do this who meditate upon the Holy Scriptures, and digest them, until they find in them the kernel, the quintessence of delight; and St. Augustine blames those who merely please themselves with the flowers of Holy Scripture, but do not rub out the grain by meditation, until they obtain the real nourishment of virtue. 2:23-28 The sabbath is a sacred and Divine institution; a privilege and benefit, not a task and drudgery. God never designed it to be a burden to us, therefore we must not make it so to ourselves. The sabbath was instituted for the good of mankind, as living in society, having many wants and troubles, preparing for a state of happiness or misery. Man was not made for the sabbath, as if his keeping it could be of service to God, nor was he commanded to keep it outward observances to his real hurt. Every observance respecting it, is to be interpreted by the rule of mercy.
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