Leviticus 24:5
New International Version
"Take the finest flour and bake twelve loaves of bread, using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf.

New Living Translation
"You must bake twelve loaves of bread from choice flour, using four quarts of flour for each loaf.

English Standard Version
“You shall take fine flour and bake twelve loaves from it; two tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf.

Berean Study Bible
You are also to take fine flour and bake twelve loaves, using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf,

New American Standard Bible
"Then you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake.

King James Bible
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.

Christian Standard Bible
"Take fine flour and bake it into twelve loaves; each loaf is to be made with four quarts.

Contemporary English Version
Use your finest flour to bake twelve loaves of bread about two kilograms each,

Good News Translation
Take twenty-four pounds of flour and bake twelve loaves of bread.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Take fine flour and bake it into 12 loaves; each loaf is to be made with four quarts.

International Standard Version
Take fine flour and bake twelve cakes using two tenths of a measure for each cake.

NET Bible
"You must take choice wheat flour and bake twelve loaves; there must be two tenths of an ephah of flour in each loaf,

New Heart English Bible
"You shall take fine flour, and bake twelve loaves of it: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one loaf.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Also take flour and bake twelve rings of bread. Each ring will contain four quarts of flour.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one cake.

New American Standard 1977
“Then you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou shalt take fine flour and bake twelve cakes thereof; each cake shall be of two-tenth deals.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes of it: two- tenth of an ephah shall be in one cake.

American King James Version
And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth parts of an ephah'shall be in one cake.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And ye shall take fine flour, and make of it twelve loaves; each loaf shall be of two tenth parts.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt take also fine hour, and shalt bake twelve leaves thereof, two tenths shall be in every loaf :

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt take fine wheaten flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof; each cake shall be of two tenths.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one cake.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes of it: two tenth-parts shall be in one cake.

World English Bible
"You shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes of it: two tenth parts of an ephah shall be in one cake.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast taken flour, and hast baked twelve cakes with it, two tenth deals are in the one cake,
Study Bible
The Showbread
5You are also to take fine flour and bake twelve loaves, using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf, 6and set them in two rows—six per row—on the table of pure gold before the LORD.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:2
A tabernacle was prepared. In its first room were the lampstand, the table, and the consecrated bread. This was called the Holy Place.

Exodus 25:30
And place the Bread of the Presence on the table before Me at all times.

Exodus 39:36
the table with all its utensils and the Bread of the Presence;

Exodus 40:23
He arranged the bread on it before the LORD, just as the LORD had commanded him.

Numbers 4:7
Over the table of the Presence they are to spread a blue cloth and place the plates and cups on it, along with the bowls and pitchers for the drink offering. The regular bread offering is to remain on it.

1 Samuel 21:4
"There is no common bread on hand," the priest replied, "but there is some consecrated bread--provided that the young men have kept themselves from women."

1 Samuel 21:6
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, since there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which had been removed from before the LORD and replaced with hot bread on the day it was taken away.

1 Chronicles 9:32
Some of their Kohathite brothers were responsible for preparing the rows of the showbread every Sabbath.

1 Chronicles 23:29
as well as for the rows of the showbread, the fine flour for the grain offering, the wafers of unleavened bread, the baking, the mixing, and all measurements of volume and size.

2 Chronicles 13:11
Every morning and every evening they present burnt offerings and fragrant incense to the LORD. They set out the rows of showbread on the ceremonially clean table, and every evening they light the lamps of the gold lampstand. We are carrying out the requirements of the LORD our God, while you have forsaken Him.

Nehemiah 10:33
for the showbread, for the regular grain offerings and burnt offerings, for the Sabbath offerings, for the New Moon and appointed feasts, for the holy offerings, for the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, and for all the duties of the house of our God.

Treasury of Scripture

And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.

Leviticus 24:3,6,7
Without the vail of the testimony, in the tabernacle of the congregation, shall Aaron order it from the evening unto the morning before the LORD continually: it shall be a statute for ever in your generations…

1 Samuel 21:6
So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Exodus 25:30
And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway.

Exodus 40:23
And he set the bread in order upon it before the LORD; as the LORD had commanded Moses.







Lexicon
You are also to take
וְלָקַחְתָּ֣ (wə·lā·qaḥ·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

fine flour
סֹ֔לֶת (sō·leṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5560: Fine flour

and bake
וְאָפִיתָ֣ (wə·’ā·p̄î·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 644: To cook, to bake

twelve
שְׁתֵּ֥ים (šə·têm)
Number - fd
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

loaves,
חַלּ֑וֹת (ḥal·lō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2471: A cake (a type used in offerings)

using
יִהְיֶ֖ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

two-tenths of an ephah
שְׁנֵי֙ (šə·nê)
Number - mdc
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

for each
הָאֶחָֽת׃ (hā·’e·ḥāṯ)
Article | Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

loaf,
הַֽחַלָּ֥ה (ha·ḥal·lāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2471: A cake (a type used in offerings)
(5) And bake twelve cakes.--The next order is about the preparation of the shewbread, and the use to be made of it. It was made in the following manner. Twenty-four seahs of wheat, which were brought as a meat offering, were beaten and ground, and after passing through twelve different sieves each finer than the other, twenty-four tenth-deals of the finest flour were obtained. The dough was kneaded outside the court, and after it was put into a golden mould of a definite size and form to impart the prescribed size and shape to each cake, was brought into the court. Here it was taken out of the first golden mould, and put into a second of the same material and form, and baked in it. As soon as it was taken out of the oven the cake was put into a third mould of the like description, and when it was turned out of it the cake was ten handbreadths long, five broad, one finger thick, and square at each end. Each cake, therefore, was made of two omers of wheat, or, as it is here said, of two tenth-parts of anephah, which is the same thing. (See Leviticus 14:10.) As an omer is the quantity which, according to the Divine ordinance (Exodus 16:16-19), supplies the daily wants of a human being, each of these cakes represents the food of a man and his neighbour, whilst the twelve cakes answered to the twelve tribes of Israel. Hence the ancient Ohaldee version has, after the words "twelve cakes," "according to the twelve tribes." The baking of these cakes took place every Friday afternoon, or Thursday if a feast which required Sabbatical rest fell on Friday. According to the testimony of those who were eyewitnesses to the baking, these cakes were unleavened.

Verses 5-9. - The shewbread, or bread of the face, that is, of the presence, was to be made of fine flour, that is, of wheat, and to consist of twelve cakes or loaves, to represent the twelve tribes of Israel, each loaf containing upward of six pounds of flour. The loaves were placed upon the pure table before the Lord; that is, on the golden table of shewbread within the sanctuary - which stood not far from the vail which partitioned off the holy of holies - toward the north, as the candlestick was toward the south. The loaves were set, not, probably, in two rows, six on a row, as they could have hardly stood in that position on so small a table as the table of shewbread (which was only three feet by one foot and a half), but in piles, six in a pile. Upon them, or more probably between the two piles, were placed two vials or cups filled with frankincense (Josephus, 'Ant.,' 3:07, 6). The shewbread was renewed every sabbath day, with much ceremony. "Four priests," says the Mishna, "enter, two of them carrying the piles of bread, and two of them the cups of incense. Four priests had gone in before them, two to take off the two old piles of shrewbread, and two to take off the cups of incense. Those who brought in the new stood at the north side facing southwards; those who took away the old, at the south side, facing northwards. One party lifted off and the other put on, the hands of one being over against the hands of the other, as it is written, Thou shalt set upon the table bread of the Passover always before me" ('Men.,' 11:7). The loaves that were removed were delivered to the priests for their consumption within the tabernacle, the whole quantity amounting to seventy-five pounds of bread per week. It was this bread which, in the pressure of necessity, Abimelech gave to David and his men (1 Samuel 21:4-6). At the same time that the old loaves were changed, the frankincense was burned on the golden altar of incense for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto the Lord. There is nothing in Scripture to prove whether the loaves were leavened or unleavened. As being the meat offering of the tabernacle, we should expect them to be unleavened, like the meat offering of the court, but there was a reason why the meat offering of the court should be unleavened, which did not operate in the case of the shewbread. A part of the ordinary meat offering had to be burnt on the altar of burnt sacrifice; therefore it could not be leavened, because no leaven might be burned on the altar; but the shewbread was not burnt on any altar, and consequently it need not for that reason be unleavened. The two Pentecostal loaves, which were offered to the Lord by waving instead of burning, were leavened. The probabilities derived from Scripture appear to be equally strong on either side. Josephus states that they were unleavened ('Ant.,' 3:06, 6; 10, 7).

CHAPTER 24:10-23 The reason why the narrative of the blasphemer's death (verses 10-23) is introduced in its present connection, is simply that it took place at the point of time which followed the promulgation of the last law. It serves, however, to vindicate by a memorable example the principle which is at the foundation of every Mosaic law. "I am the Lord" is the often-repeated sanction, whether of a moral law or of a ceremonial regulation. But this bastard Israelite, one of the mixed multitude that had followed in the flight from Egypt (Exodus 12:38), blasphemed the Name of the Lord. If such blasphemy were to go unpunished, the obligation of law was dissolved. For, as Lange has said, "A community which suffers the reviling of the principle of their community without reaction, is morally fallen to pieces." He was brought, therefore, to Moses, and so solemn was the occasion, that Moses reserved the case, for which no provision had yet been made, for the special decision of God. The specific judgment on the man is that he shall die by stoning at the hands of the congregation, after the witnesses of his sin had laid their hands upon his head; and a general law is founded on the special case. 24:1-9 The loaves of bread typify Christ as the Bread of life, and the food of the souls of his people. He is the Light of his church, the Light of the world; in and through his word this light shines. By this light we discern the food prepared for our souls; and we should daily, but especially from sabbath to sabbath, feed thereon in our hearts with thanksgiving. And as the loaves were left in the sanctuary, so should we abide with God till he dismiss us.
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Alphabetical: an and bake be bread cake cakes each ephah fine flour for in it loaf loaves of shall Take Then twelve two-tenths using with you

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