1 Samuel 21:6
New International Version
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, since there was no bread there except the bread of the Presence that had been removed from before the LORD and replaced by hot bread on the day it was taken away.

New Living Translation
Since there was no other food available, the priest gave him the holy bread--the Bread of the Presence that was placed before the LORD in the Tabernacle. It had just been replaced that day with fresh bread.

English Standard Version
So the priest gave him the holy bread, for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which is removed from before the LORD, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken away.

Berean Study Bible
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, since there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which had been removed from before the LORD and replaced with hot bread on the day it was taken away.

New American Standard Bible
So the priest gave him consecrated bread; for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence which was removed from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place when it was taken away.

King James Bible
So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Christian Standard Bible
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, for there was no bread there except the Bread of the Presence that had been removed from the presence of the LORD. When the bread was removed, it had been replaced with warm bread.

Contemporary English Version
The only bread the priest had was the sacred bread that he had taken from the place of worship after putting out the fresh loaves. So he gave it to David.

Good News Translation
So the priest gave David the sacred bread, because the only bread he had was the loaves offered to God, which had been removed from the sacred table and replaced by fresh bread. (

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, for there was no bread there except the bread of the Presence that had been removed from the presence of the LORD. When the bread was removed, it had been replaced with warm bread.

International Standard Version
So the priest gave him consecrated bread because no bread was there except the Bread of the Presence that had been removed from the LORD's presence and replaced with hot bread on the day it was taken away.

NET Bible
So the priest gave him holy bread, for there was no bread there other than the bread of the Presence. It had been removed from before the LORD in order to replace it with hot bread on the day it had been taken away.

New Heart English Bible
So the priest gave him what had been consecrated, for there was no bread there but the show bread, that had been removed before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So the priest gave him holy [bread] because he only had the bread of the presence which had been taken from the LORD's presence and replaced with warm bread that day.

JPS Tanakh 1917
So the priest gave him holy bread; for there was no bread there but the showbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.--

New American Standard 1977
So the priest gave him consecrated bread; for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence which was removed from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place when it was taken away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
So the priest gave him the sacred bread, for there was no bread there but the showbread that had been taken from before the LORD to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

King James 2000 Bible
So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the showbread, that was taken away from before the LORD, to put hot bread in its place the day when it was taken away.

American King James Version
So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the show bread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

American Standard Version
So the priest gave him holy bread ; for there was no bread there but the showbread, that was taken from before Jehovah, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So Abimelech the priest gave him the shewbread; for there were no loaves there, but only the presence loaves which had been removed from the presence of the Lord, in order that hot bread should be set on, on the day on which he took them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The priest therefore gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there, but only the loaves of proposition, which had been taken away from before the face of the Lord, that hot loaves might be set up.

Darby Bible Translation
And the priest gave him holy [bread]; for there was no bread there but the shew-loaves that were taken from before Jehovah, to put on hot bread in the day when they were taken away.

English Revised Version
So the priest gave him holy bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Webster's Bible Translation
So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the show-bread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

World English Bible
So the priest gave him holy [bread]; for there was no bread there but the show bread, that was taken from before Yahweh, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

Young's Literal Translation
And the priest giveth to him the holy thing, for there was no bread there except the bread of the Presence which is turned aside from the presence of Jehovah to put hot bread in the day of its being taken away.
Study Bible
David Takes the Consecrated Bread
5David answered, “Women have indeed been kept from us, as usual when I set out. And the equipment of the young men is holy, as it is even on common missions, and all the more at this time.” 6So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, since there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which had been removed from before the LORD and replaced with hot bread on the day it was taken away. 7Now one of Saul's servants was there that day, detained before the LORD. And his name was Doeg the Edomite, the chief shepherd for Saul.…
Cross References
Matthew 12:3
Jesus replied, "Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

Matthew 12:4
He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests.

Luke 6:3
Jesus replied, "Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

Luke 6:4
He entered the house of God, took the consecrated bread and gave it to his companions, and ate what is lawful only for the priests to eat."

Leviticus 24:5
You are also to take fine flour and bake twelve loaves, using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf,

1 Samuel 22:10
Ahimelech inquired of the LORD for him and gave him provisions. He also gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine."

Treasury of Scripture

So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the show bread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

gave him

Matthew 12:3,4
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; …

Mark 2:25-27
And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? …

Luke 6:3,4
And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; …

hot bread

Leviticus 24:5-9
And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake…







Lexicon
So the priest
הַכֹּהֵ֖ן (hak·kō·hên)
0
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

gave
וַיִּתֶּן־ (way·yit·ten-)
0
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

him
ל֥וֹ (lōw)
0
Strong's Hebrew

the consecrated [bread],
קֹ֑דֶשׁ (qō·ḏeš)
0
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

since
כִּי֩ (kî)
0
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

there was
הָ֨יָה (hā·yāh)
0
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

no
לֹא־ (lō-)
0
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

bread
לֶ֗חֶם (le·ḥem)
0
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain

there
שָׁ֜ם (šām)
0
Strong's Hebrew 8033: There, then, thither

but
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

the bread of the Presence,
הַפָּנִים֙ (hap·pā·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

which had been removed
הַמּֽוּסָרִים֙ (ham·mū·sā·rîm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5493: To turn aside

from before
מִלִּפְנֵ֣י (mil·lip̄·nê)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

the LORD
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and replaced with
לָשׂוּם֙ (lā·śūm)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

hot
חֹ֔ם (ḥōm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2527: Heat

bread
לֶ֣חֶם (le·ḥem)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain

on the day
בְּי֖וֹם (bə·yō·wm)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

it was taken away.
הִלָּקְחֽוֹ׃ (hil·lā·qə·ḥōw)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take
21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. It is great comfort in a day of trouble, that we have a God to go to, to whom we may open our cases, and from whom we may ask and expect direction. David told Ahimelech a gross untruth. What shall we say to this? The Scripture does not conceal it, and we dare not justify it; it was ill done, and proved of bad consequence; for it occasioned the death of the priests of the Lord. David thought upon it afterward with regret. David had great faith and courage, yet both failed him; he fell thus foully through fear and cowardice, and owing to the weakness of his faith. Had he trusted God aright, he would not have used such a sorry, sinful shift for his own preservation. It is written, not for us to do the like, no, not in the greatest straits, but for our warning. David asked of Ahimelech bread and a sword. Ahimelech supposed they might eat the shew-bread. The Son of David taught from it, that mercy is to be preferred to sacrifice; that ritual observances must give way to moral duties. Doeg set his foot as far within the tabernacle as David did. We little know with what hearts people come to the house of God, nor what use they will make of pretended devotion. If many come in simplicity of heart to serve their God, others come to observe their teachers and to prove accusers. Only God and the event can distinguish between a David and a Doeg, when both are in the tabernacle.
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Alphabetical: and away been before bread but by consecrated day except for from gave had him hot in it its LORD no of on order place Presence priest put removed replaced since So taken that the there to was when which

OT History: 1 Samuel 21:6 So the priest gave him holy bread (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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