Matthew 12:3
New International Version
He answered, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

New Living Translation
Jesus said to them, “Haven’t you read in the Scriptures what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

English Standard Version
He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those who were with him:

Berean Study Bible
Jesus replied, “Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

Berean Literal Bible
And He said to them, "Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those with him--

New American Standard Bible
But He said to them, "Have you not read what David did when he became hungry, he and his companions,

King James Bible
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;

Christian Standard Bible
He said to them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and those who were with him were hungry:

Contemporary English Version
Jesus answered: You surely must have read what David did when he and his followers were hungry.

Good News Translation
Jesus answered, "Have you never read what David did that time when he and his men were hungry?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He said to them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and those who were with him were hungry--

International Standard Version
But he told them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

NET Bible
He said to them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry--

New Heart English Bible
But he said to them, "Have you not read what David did, when he and his companions were hungry;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But he said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry and those who were with him?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus asked them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his men were hungry?

New American Standard 1977
But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did, when he became hungry, he and his companions;

Jubilee Bible 2000
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, and those that were with him, when he was hungry,

King James 2000 Bible
But he said unto them, Have you not read what David did, when he was hungry, and they that were with him;

American King James Version
But he said to them, Have you not read what David did, when he was an hungered, and they that were with him;

American Standard Version
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was hungry, and they that were with him;

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he said to them: Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and they that were with him:

Darby Bible Translation
But he said to them, Have ye not read what David did when he was hungry, and they that were with him?

English Revised Version
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;

Webster's Bible Translation
But he said to them, Have ye not read what David did when he was hungry, and they that were with him;

Weymouth New Testament
"Have you never read," He replied, "what David did when he and his men were hungry?

World English Bible
But he said to them, "Haven't you read what David did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him;

Young's Literal Translation
And he said to them, 'Did ye not read what David did, when he was hungry, himself and those with him --
Study Bible
The Lord of the Sabbath
2When the Pharisees saw this, they said to Him, “Look, Your disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath.” 3Jesus replied, “Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? 4He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 21:6
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, since there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which had been removed from before the LORD and replaced with hot bread on the day it was taken away.

Matthew 12:2
When the Pharisees saw this, they said to Him, "Look, Your disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath."

Matthew 12:4
He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests.

Treasury of Scripture

But he said to them, Have you not read what David did, when he was an hungered, and they that were with him;

Have.

Matthew 12:5
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

Matthew 19:4
And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

Matthew 21:16
And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise?

what.

1 Samuel 21:3-6
Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present…

Mark 2:25,26
And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? …







Lexicon
[Jesus] replied,
εἶπεν (eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

“Have you not read
ἀνέγνωτε (anegnōte)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 314: To read, know again, know certainly, recognize, discern. From ana and ginosko; to know again, i.e. to read.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

David
Δαυὶδ (Dauid)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1138: David, King of Israel. Of Hebrew origin; Dabid, the Israelite king.

did
ἐποίησεν (epoiēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

when
ὅτε (hote)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3753: When, at which time. From hos and te; at which too, i.e. When.

{he} and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

his companions
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

were hungry?
ἐπείνασεν (epeinasen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3983: To be hungry, needy, desire earnestly. From the same as penes; to famish; figuratively, to crave.
(3) Have ye not read . . .?--The question was an appeal to the Pharisees on the ground where they thought themselves strongest. For them it was an argument a fortiori. Would they accuse David of sacrilege and Sabbath-breaking because he, in a case of urgent need, set at nought the two-fold law of ordinances? If they shrank from that, was it not inconsistent to condemn the disciples of Jesus for a far lighter transgression?

Verse 3. - But he said unto them, Have ye not read. Our Lord answers them by showing that the principle of the action of his disciples was sanctioned in the Scriptures to which they implicitly appealed. He calls their attention first (more Rabbinico; cf. on ver. 5) to the Prophets (i.e. the former prophets, according to the Hebrew division), as teaching by example that holy things are of secondary importance compared with the benefit of God's people; and afterwards to the Law, which implies that the sabbath itself is of secondary importance compared with work necessary for the sanctuary. He then affirms that in the present case there is One present who is even greater than the sanctuary. He goes on to say that their complaint, however, was really due to the lack, not so much of intellectual as of spiritual knowledge; they had no rapprochement with the God of love, or they would not have condemned those who, both because they were men and because they were disciples of the Son of man, stood above the sabbath. What David did, when he was a hungred, and they that were with him (1 Samuel 21:1-7). 12:1-8 Being in the corn-fields, the disciples began to pluck the ears of corn: the law of God allowed it, De 23:25. This was slender provision for Christ and his disciples; but they were content with it. The Pharisees did not quarrel with them for taking another man's corn, but for doing it on the sabbath day. Christ came to free his followers, not only from the corruptions of the Pharisees, but from their unscriptural rules, and justified what they did. The greatest shall not have their lusts indulged, but the meanest shall have their wants considered. Those labours are lawful on the sabbath day which are necessary, and sabbath rest is to froward, not to hinder sabbath worship. Needful provision for health and food is to be made; but when servants are kept at home, and families become a scene of hurry and confusion on the Lord's day, to furnish a feast for visitors, or for indulgence, the case is very different. Such things as these, and many others common among professors, are to be blamed. The resting on the sabbath was ordained for man's good, De 5:14. No law must be understood so as to contradict its own end. And as Christ is the Lord of the sabbath, it is fit the day and the work of it should be dedicated to him.
Jump to Previous
Companions David Food Hungred Hungry Need Read
Jump to Next
Companions David Food Hungred Hungry Need Read
Links
Matthew 12:3 NIV
Matthew 12:3 NLT
Matthew 12:3 ESV
Matthew 12:3 NASB
Matthew 12:3 KJV

Matthew 12:3 Bible Apps
Matthew 12:3 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 12:3 Chinese Bible
Matthew 12:3 French Bible
Matthew 12:3 German Bible

Alphabetical: and answered became But companions David did Have Haven't He his hungry not read said them to were what when you

NT Gospels: Matthew 12:3 But he said to them Haven't you (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Matthew 12:2
Top of Page
Top of Page