Matthew 12:3
New International Version
He answered, “Haven’t you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

New Living Translation
Jesus said to them, “Haven’t you read in the Scriptures what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

English Standard Version
He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those who were with him:

Berean Study Bible
Jesus replied, “Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

Berean Literal Bible
And He said to them, "Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those with him--

King James Bible
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;

New King James Version
But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him:

New American Standard Bible
But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he became hungry, he and his companions—

NASB 1995
But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he became hungry, he and his companions,

NASB 1977
But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did, when he became hungry, he and his companions;

Amplified Bible
He said to them, “Have you not read [in the Scriptures] what David did when he was hungry, he and those who accompanied him—

Christian Standard Bible
He said to them, “Haven’t you read what David did when he and those who were with him were hungry:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He said to them, “Haven’t you read what David did when he and those who were with him were hungry—

American Standard Version
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was hungry, and they that were with him;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But he said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry and those who were with him?

Contemporary English Version
Jesus answered: You surely must have read what David did when he and his followers were hungry.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he said to them: Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and they that were with him:

English Revised Version
But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;

Good News Translation
Jesus answered, "Have you never read what David did that time when he and his men were hungry?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus asked them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his men were hungry?

International Standard Version
But he told them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?

Literal Standard Version
And He said to them, “Did you not read what David did when he was hungry, himself and those with him—

NET Bible
He said to them, "Haven't you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry--

New Heart English Bible
But he said to them, "Have you not read what David did, when he and his companions were hungry;

Weymouth New Testament
"Have you never read," He replied, "what David did when he and his men were hungry?

World English Bible
But he said to them, "Haven't you read what David did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him;

Young's Literal Translation
And he said to them, 'Did ye not read what David did, when he was hungry, himself and those with him --

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Lord of the Sabbath
2When the Pharisees saw this, they said to Him, “Look, Your disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath.” 3 Jesus replied, Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? 4He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 21:6
So the priest gave him the consecrated bread, since there was no bread there but the Bread of the Presence, which had been removed from before the LORD and replaced with hot bread on the day it was taken away.

Matthew 12:2
When the Pharisees saw this, they said to Him, "Look, Your disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath."

Matthew 12:4
He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests.


Treasury of Scripture

But he said to them, Have you not read what David did, when he was an hungered, and they that were with him;

Have.

Matthew 12:5
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

Matthew 19:4
And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female,

Matthew 21:16
And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise?

what.

1 Samuel 21:3-6
Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present…

Mark 2:25,26
And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? …









(3) Have ye not read . . .?--The question was an appeal to the Pharisees on the ground where they thought themselves strongest. For them it was an argument a fortiori. Would they accuse David of sacrilege and Sabbath-breaking because he, in a case of urgent need, set at nought the two-fold law of ordinances? If they shrank from that, was it not inconsistent to condemn the disciples of Jesus for a far lighter transgression?

Verse 3. - But he said unto them, Have ye not read. Our Lord answers them by showing that the principle of the action of his disciples was sanctioned in the Scriptures to which they implicitly appealed. He calls their attention first (more Rabbinico; cf. on ver. 5) to the Prophets (i.e. the former prophets, according to the Hebrew division), as teaching by example that holy things are of secondary importance compared with the benefit of God's people; and afterwards to the Law, which implies that the sabbath itself is of secondary importance compared with work necessary for the sanctuary. He then affirms that in the present case there is One present who is even greater than the sanctuary. He goes on to say that their complaint, however, was really due to the lack, not so much of intellectual as of spiritual knowledge; they had no rapprochement with the God of love, or they would not have condemned those who, both because they were men and because they were disciples of the Son of man, stood above the sabbath. What David did, when he was a hungred, and they that were with him (1 Samuel 21:1-7).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
[Jesus] replied,
εἶπεν (eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

“Have you not read
ἀνέγνωτε (anegnōte)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's 314: To read, know again, know certainly, recognize, discern. From ana and ginosko; to know again, i.e. to read.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

David
Δαυὶδ (Dauid)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 1138: David, King of Israel. Of Hebrew origin; Dabid, the Israelite king.

did
ἐποίησεν (epoiēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

when
ὅτε (hote)
Adverb
Strong's 3753: When, at which time. From hos and te; at which too, i.e. When.

{he} and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

his companions
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

were hungry?
ἐπείνασεν (epeinasen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 3983: To be hungry, needy, desire earnestly. From the same as penes; to famish; figuratively, to crave.


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