Matthew 12:5
New International Version
Or haven't you read in the Law that the priests on Sabbath duty in the temple desecrate the Sabbath and yet are innocent?

New Living Translation
And haven't you read in the law of Moses that the priests on duty in the Temple may work on the Sabbath?

English Standard Version
Or have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and are guiltless?

Berean Study Bible
Or haven’t you read in the Law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and yet are innocent?

Berean Literal Bible
Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are guiltless?

New American Standard Bible
"Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and are innocent?

King James Bible
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

Christian Standard Bible
Or haven't you read in the law that on Sabbath days the priests in the temple violate the Sabbath and are innocent?

Contemporary English Version
Haven't you read in the Law of Moses that the priests are allowed to work in the temple on the Sabbath? But no one says they are guilty of breaking the law of the Sabbath.

Good News Translation
Or have you not read in the Law of Moses that every Sabbath the priests in the Temple actually break the Sabbath law, yet they are not guilty?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Or haven't you read in the Law that on Sabbath days the priests in the temple violate the Sabbath and are innocent?

International Standard Version
Or haven't you read in the Law that on every Sabbath the priests in the Temple violate the Sabbath and yet are innocent?

NET Bible
Or have you not read in the law that the priests in the temple desecrate the Sabbath and yet are not guilty?

New Heart English Bible
Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and are blameless?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Or have you not read in The Written Law that the priests in The Temple profane the Sabbath and are blameless?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Or haven't you read in Moses' Teachings that on the day of worship the priests in the temple do things they shouldn't on the day of worship yet remain innocent?

New American Standard 1977
“Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath, and are innocent?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath and are blameless?

King James 2000 Bible
Or have you not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

American King James Version
Or have you not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

American Standard Version
Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are guiltless?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple break the sabbath, and are without blame?

Darby Bible Translation
Or have ye not read in the law that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

English Revised Version
Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are guiltless?

Webster's Bible Translation
Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

Weymouth New Testament
And have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the Temple break the Sabbath without incurring guilt?

World English Bible
Or have you not read in the law, that on the Sabbath day, the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are guiltless?

Young's Literal Translation
'Or did ye not read in the Law, that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple do profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
Study Bible
The Lord of the Sabbath
4He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests. 5Or haven’t you read in the Law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and yet are innocent? 6But I tell you that something greater than the temple is here.…
Cross References
Leviticus 24:8
Every Sabbath day the bread is to be set out before the LORD on behalf of the Israelites as a perpetual covenant.

Matthew 12:4
He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for them to eat, but only for the priests.

Matthew 12:6
But I tell you, something greater than the temple is here.

Treasury of Scripture

Or have you not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

on.

Numbers 28:9,10
And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and the drink offering thereof: …

John 7:22,23
Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man…

profane.

Nehemiah 13:17
Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day?

Ezekiel 24:21
Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, the desire of your eyes, and that which your soul pitieth; and your sons and your daughters whom ye have left shall fall by the sword.







Lexicon
Or
(Ē)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

haven’t you read
ἀνέγνωτε (anegnōte)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 314: To read, know again, know certainly, recognize, discern. From ana and ginosko; to know again, i.e. to read.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Law
νόμῳ (nomō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.

that
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

on the
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Sabbath
σάββασιν (sabbasin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4521: The Sabbath, a week.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

priests
ἱερεῖς (hiereis)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2409: A priest, one who offers sacrifice to a god (in Jewish and pagan religions; of Christians only met.). From hieros; a priest.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

temple
ἱερῷ (hierō)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2411: Neuter of hieros; a sacred place, i.e. The entire precincts of the Temple.

break
βεβηλοῦσιν (bebēlousin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 953: To profane, pollute, violate. From bebelos; to desecrate.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Sabbath
σάββατον (sabbaton)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4521: The Sabbath, a week.

and yet
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

are
εἰσιν (eisin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

innocent?
ἀναίτιοί (anaitioi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 338: Guiltless, innocent. Innocent.
(5) The priests in the temple profane the sabbath.--The work of the priests, as described, e.g., in Numbers 28:9, viz., slaying victims, placing the shewbread, involved an amount of labour which, in work of any other kind, would have broken the Sabbath rest; yet no one blamed the priests, for they were serving in the Temple of Jehovah.

Verse 5. - Matthew only. Or. A second example, if the first does not convince you. Have ye not read in the Law. Beyond which there is no appeal. Jewish authors often appeal to Scripture in the order of Hagio-graphs, Prophets, and, last of all, Law. He here refers to Leviticus 24:8 (cf. also 1 Chronicles 9:32), but Bengel's suggestive remark that Leviticus was read in the services at that very time of year is vitiated by the double uncertainty, first, what time of year it really was; and secondly, what is the antiquity of the present custom of reading the whole Law every year (cf. Dr. Lumby on Acts 13, 'Add. Note'). According to the express orders of the Law, the priests put in fresh shewbread on the sabbath day. How that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple. The word of wider import is used (ἱερόν, not σκηνή), because the Law still holds good. Profane the sabbath. If their work is regarded in itself, as the action of my disciples is now regarded. And are blameless? (guiltless, Revised Version, as also the Authorized Version in ver. 7); i.e. in the eyes of the Law. This you will all grant (cf. Schurer, II. 2:103). Lightfoot's ('Her. Hebr.') attractive quotation from Maimonides in ' Pesachim,' 1. (i.e. 'Hilkoth Korban Pesach,' § 1.), "There is no sabbatism at all in the temple," appears to rest on a misunderstanding. 12:1-8 Being in the corn-fields, the disciples began to pluck the ears of corn: the law of God allowed it, De 23:25. This was slender provision for Christ and his disciples; but they were content with it. The Pharisees did not quarrel with them for taking another man's corn, but for doing it on the sabbath day. Christ came to free his followers, not only from the corruptions of the Pharisees, but from their unscriptural rules, and justified what they did. The greatest shall not have their lusts indulged, but the meanest shall have their wants considered. Those labours are lawful on the sabbath day which are necessary, and sabbath rest is to froward, not to hinder sabbath worship. Needful provision for health and food is to be made; but when servants are kept at home, and families become a scene of hurry and confusion on the Lord's day, to furnish a feast for visitors, or for indulgence, the case is very different. Such things as these, and many others common among professors, are to be blamed. The resting on the sabbath was ordained for man's good, De 5:14. No law must be understood so as to contradict its own end. And as Christ is the Lord of the sabbath, it is fit the day and the work of it should be dedicated to him.
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