Exodus 31:14
New International Version
"'Observe the Sabbath, because it is holy to you. Anyone who desecrates it is to be put to death; those who do any work on that day must be cut off from their people.

New Living Translation
You must keep the Sabbath day, for it is a holy day for you. Anyone who desecrates it must be put to death; anyone who works on that day will be cut off from the community.

English Standard Version
You shall keep the Sabbath, because it is holy for you. Everyone who profanes it shall be put to death. Whoever does any work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

Berean Study Bible
Observe the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it must surely be put to death. Whoever does work on that day must be cut off from his people.

New American Standard Bible
'Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.

King James Bible
Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

Christian Standard Bible
Observe the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. Whoever profanes it must be put to death. If anyone does work on it, that person must be cut off from his people.

Good News Translation
You must keep the day of rest, because it is sacred. Whoever does not keep it, but works on that day, is to be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Observe the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. Whoever profanes it must be put to death. If anyone does work on it, that person must be cut off from his people.

International Standard Version
You are to observe the Sabbath, because it's holy for you. Whoever profanes it is certainly to die; indeed, whoever does work on it is to be cut off from among his people.

NET Bible
So you must keep the Sabbath, for it is holy for you. Everyone who defiles it must surely be put to death; indeed, if anyone does any work on it, then that person will be cut off from among his people.

New Heart English Bible
You shall keep the Sabbath therefore; for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
" 'Observe the day of worship because it is holy to you. Whoever treats it like any other day must be put to death. Whoever works on that day must be excluded from the people.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore, for it is holy unto you; every one that profaneth it shall surely be put to death; for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

New American Standard 1977
‘Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you; those that defile it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defiles it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever does any work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

American King James Version
You shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy to you: every one that defiles it shall surely be put to death: for whoever does any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

American Standard Version
Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that profaneth it shall surely be put to death; for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And ye shall keep the sabbaths, because this is holy to the Lord for you; he that profanes it shall surely be put to death: every one who shall do a work on it, that soul shall be destroyed from the midst of his people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Keep you my sabbath: for it is holy unto you: he that shall profane it, shall be put to death: he that shall do my work in it, his soul shall perish out of the midst of his people.

Darby Bible Translation
Keep the sabbath, therefore; for it is holy unto you; every one that profaneth it shall certainly be put to death: yea, whoever doeth work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among his peoples.

English Revised Version
Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that profaneth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore: for it is holy to you. Every one that profaneth it shall surely be put to death: for whoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

World English Bible
You shall keep the Sabbath therefore; for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

Young's Literal Translation
and ye have kept the sabbath, for it is holy to you, he who is polluting it is certainly put to death -- for any who doeth work in it -- that person hath even been cut off from the midst of his people.
Study Bible
The Sign of the Sabbath
13“Tell the Israelites, ‘Surely you must observe My Sabbaths, for this will be a sign between Me and you for the generations to come, so that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you. 14Observe the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it must surely be put to death. Whoever does work on that day must be cut off from his people. 15For six days work may be done, but the seventh day must be a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day must surely be put to death.…
Cross References
John 7:23
If a boy can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the Law of Moses will not be broken, why are you angry with Me for making the whole man well on the Sabbath?

Exodus 31:15
For six days work may be done, but the seventh day must be a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day must surely be put to death.

Exodus 35:2
For six days work shall be done, but on the seventh day you are to have a holy Sabbath of complete rest to the LORD. Anyone who does work on that day must be put to death.

Leviticus 16:29
This is to be a permanent statute for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month, you shall humble your souls and not do any work--whether the native or the foreigner who resides among you--

Numbers 15:32
While the Israelites were in the wilderness, a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day.

Numbers 15:35
And the LORD said to Moses, "The man must surely be put to death. The entire congregation is to stone him outside the camp."

Treasury of Scripture

You shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy to you: every one that defiles it shall surely be put to death: for whoever does any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

keep

Exodus 20:8
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Deuteronomy 5:12-15
Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee…

Nehemiah 9:14
And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:

everyone

Isaiah 56:2,6
Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil…

Ezekiel 20:13,16,21,24
But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them…

doeth

Exodus 35:2,3
Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death…

Numbers 15:35
And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp.







Lexicon
Observe
וּשְׁמַרְתֶּם֙ (ū·šə·mar·tem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

the Sabbath,
הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת (haš·šab·bāṯ)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7676: Intermission, the Sabbath

for
כִּ֛י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

it
הִ֖וא (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

is holy
קֹ֥דֶשׁ (qō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

to you.
לָכֶ֑ם (lā·ḵem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

Everyone who profanes it
מְחַֽלְלֶ֙יהָ֙ (mə·ḥal·le·hā)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2490: To bore, to wound, to dissolve, to profane, to break, to begin, to play

must surely
מ֣וֹת (mō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

be put to death.
יוּמָ֔ת (yū·māṯ)
Verb - Hofal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

Whoever
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

does
הָעֹשֶׂ֥ה (hā·‘ō·śeh)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

work
מְלָאכָ֔ה (mə·lā·ḵāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4399: Deputyship, ministry, employment, work, property

on [that day]
בָהּ֙ (ḇāh)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew

must be cut off
וְנִכְרְתָ֛ה (wə·niḵ·rə·ṯāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

from
מִקֶּ֥רֶב (miq·qe·reḇ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7130: The nearest part, the center

his people.
עַמֶּֽיהָ׃ (‘am·me·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock
(14) Every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death.--This is a new enactment, and must be regarded in conjunction with the new dignity attached to Sabbath observance by its having become the special covenant sign between God and His people. The Sabbath-breaker now threw himself out of covenant with God, and not only so, but did what in him lay to throw the whole people out of covenant. His guilt was therefore great, and the assignment to it of the death-penalty is in no way surprising; rather, it is in accordance with the general spirit of the code (see Exodus 21:16-17; Exodus 21:29; Exodus 22:18-20, &c.). When the occasion arose, there was no hesitation in carrying the law out (Numbers 15:32-35).

Cut off.--Or, separated, set apart from. His act at once cast him out from the number of God's people, made him an outlaw, ipso facto excommunicated him.

Verse 14. - Every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death. To defile the sabbath was to do any unnecessary servile work upon it. Works of mercy, works of necessity, and works connected with religious observance were not prohibited. (See Matthew 12:1-7; Matthew 10-12.) The penalty of death for breaking the sabbath seems to moderns over-severe; but the erection of sabbath-observance into the special sacramental sign that Israel was in covenant with God made non-observance an offence of the gravest character. The man who broke the sabbath destroyed, so far as in him lay, the entire covenant between God and his people - not only broke it, but annulled it, and threw Israel out of covenant. Hence, when the sin was committed, no hesitation was felt in carrying out the law. (See Numbers 15:32-36.) 31:12-17 Orders were now given that a tabernacle should be set up for the service of God. But they must not think that the nature of the work, and the haste that was required, would justify them in working at it on sabbath days. The Hebrew word /shabath/ signifies rest, or ceasing from labour. The thing signified by the sabbath is that rest in glory which remains for the people of God; therefore the moral obligation of the sabbath must continue, till time is swallowed up in eternity.
Jump to Previous
Cut Death Defileth Holy Observe Profanes Profaneth Sabbath Soul Surely Therein Work
Jump to Next
Cut Death Defileth Holy Observe Profanes Profaneth Sabbath Soul Surely Therein Work
Links
Exodus 31:14 NIV
Exodus 31:14 NLT
Exodus 31:14 ESV
Exodus 31:14 NASB
Exodus 31:14 KJV

Exodus 31:14 Bible Apps
Exodus 31:14 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 31:14 Chinese Bible
Exodus 31:14 French Bible
Exodus 31:14 German Bible

Alphabetical: among any Anyone are be because cut day death desecrates does Everyone for from his holy is it must Observe off on people person profanes put Sabbath shall surely that the Therefore to who whoever work you

OT Law: Exodus 31:14 You shall keep the Sabbath therefore (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Exodus 31:13
Top of Page
Top of Page