Exodus 31:12
New International Version
Then the LORD said to Moses,

New Living Translation
The LORD then gave these instructions to Moses:

English Standard Version
And the LORD said to Moses,

Berean Study Bible
And the LORD said to Moses,

New American Standard Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

King James Bible
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses:

Good News Translation
The LORD commanded Moses

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses: "

International Standard Version
The LORD told Moses,

NET Bible
The LORD said to Moses,

New Heart English Bible
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD said to Moses,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying:

New American Standard 1977
And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD spoke further unto Moses, saying,

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying,

American King James Version
And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

American Standard Version
And Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying,

English Revised Version
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

World English Bible
Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Sign of the Sabbath
12And the LORD said to Moses, 13“Tell the Israelites, ‘Surely you must observe My Sabbaths, for this will be a sign between Me and you for the generations to come, so that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.…
Cross References
Exodus 31:11
in addition to the anointing oil and fragrant incense for the Holy Place. They are to make them according to all that I have commanded you."

Exodus 31:13
"Tell the Israelites, 'Surely you must observe My Sabbaths, for this will be a sign between Me and you for the generations to come, so that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.

Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

no reference







Lexicon
And the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

said
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

Moses,
מֹשֶׁ֥ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver
THE LAW OF THE SABBATH DECLARED ANEW UNDER A PENAL SANCTION.

(12-17) The worship of the tabernacle was so closely connected with Sabbatical observance (Leviticus 19:30), that no surprise can be felt at a recurrence to the subject in the present place. It was not only that there might be a danger of zealous men breaking the Sabbatical rest in their eagerness to hasten forward the work of construction now required of them. The re-enactment of the Law might serve to check this tendency if it existed; but clearly the present passage is not specially directed to so narrow an object. It is altogether general in its aim and teaching. It re-enacts the law of the Sabbath (1) under a new sanction; and (2) with new light in its intention and value. Hitherto the Sabbath had been, in the main, a positive enactment intended to test obedience (Exodus 16:4); now it was elevated into a sacramental sign between God and His people (Exodus 31:13). Having become such a sign, it required to be guarded by a new sanction, and this was done by assigning the death-penalty to any infraction of the law of Sabbath observance (Exodus 31:14-15).

Verses 12-17. - THE PENALTY FOR NOT OBSERVING THE SABBATH. Various reasons have been given for this recurrence to the sanctity of the sabbath. Kurtz connects it with the giving of the two tables, in which "the law of the sabbath held a particularly prominent place." Kalisch and others view it rather as the sequel to the directions concerning the tabernacle, and as designed to teach "that the holy service in the tabernacle could not supersede the observance of the sabbath, but derived front that observance its true value." A third set of critics regard the recurrence to the subject as purely practical - being intended to meet an immediate danger - that of the people, in their zeal to erect the tabernacle, setting sabbath observance at nought. (So Jarchi, Aben-Ezra, Clark, Rosenmuller, Canon Cook, and others.) It is to be observed, however, that the present passage is not a mere repetition. It adds to former notices (Exodus 20:8-11; Exodus 23:12) two new points: -

1. That the sabbath was to be a sign between God and Israel, a "distinguishing badge," a "sacramental bond" (Cook); and

2. That its desecration was to be punished with death (ver. 15). These were supplementary points of so much importance as to furnish ample reason against their announcement being delayed. 31:12-17 Orders were now given that a tabernacle should be set up for the service of God. But they must not think that the nature of the work, and the haste that was required, would justify them in working at it on sabbath days. The Hebrew word /shabath/ signifies rest, or ceasing from labour. The thing signified by the sabbath is that rest in glory which remains for the people of God; therefore the moral obligation of the sabbath must continue, till time is swallowed up in eternity.
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