Leviticus 19:3
New International Version
"'Each of you must respect your mother and father, and you must observe my Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

New Living Translation
"Each of you must show great respect for your mother and father, and you must always observe my Sabbath days of rest. I am the LORD your God.

English Standard Version
Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

Berean Study Bible
Each of you must respect his mother and father, and you must observe My Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

New American Standard Bible
'Every one of you shall reverence his mother and his father, and you shall keep My sabbaths; I am the LORD your God.

King James Bible
Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

Christian Standard Bible
"Each of you is to respect his mother and father. You are to keep my Sabbaths; I am the LORD your God.

Good News Translation
Each of you must respect your mother and your father, and must keep the Sabbath, as I have commanded. I am the LORD your God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Each of you is to respect his mother and father. You are to keep My Sabbaths; I am Yahweh your God.

International Standard Version
"Each of you is to fear his mother and father. "Observe my Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

NET Bible
Each of you must respect his mother and his father, and you must keep my Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

New Heart English Bible
"'Each one of you shall respect his mother and his father. You shall keep my Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Respect your mother and father. Observe my days of worship. I am the LORD your God.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and ye shall keep My sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

New American Standard 1977
‘Every one of you shall reverence his mother and his father, and you shall keep My sabbaths; I am the LORD your God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye shall fear, every man his mother and his father and keep my sabbaths. I AM your God.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

American King James Version
You shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

American Standard Version
Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father; and ye shall keep my sabbaths: I am Jehovah your God.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Let every one of you reverence his father and his mother; and ye shall keep my sabbaths: I am the Lord your God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let every one fear his father, and his mother. Keep my sabbaths. I am the Lord your God.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye shall reverence every man his mother, and his father, and my sabbaths shall ye keep: I am Jehovah your God.

English Revised Version
Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and ye shall keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ye shall fear every man his mother and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

World English Bible
"'Each one of you shall respect his mother and his father. You shall keep my Sabbaths. I am Yahweh your God.

Young's Literal Translation
Each his mother and his father ye do fear, and My sabbaths ye do keep; I am Jehovah your God.
Study Bible
Idolatry Forbidden
2“Speak to the entire congregation of the Israelites and tell them: ‘Be holy because I, the LORD your God, am holy. 3Each of you must respect his mother and father, and you must observe My Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God. 4Do not turn to idols or make for yourselves molten gods. I am the LORD your God.…
Cross References
Exodus 20:8
Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

Exodus 20:12
Honor your father and mother, so that your days may be long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

Exodus 31:13
"Tell the Israelites, 'Surely you must observe My Sabbaths, for this will be a sign between Me and you for the generations to come, so that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you.

Leviticus 11:44
For I am the LORD your God; consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, because I am holy. You must not defile yourselves by any creature that crawls along the ground.

Leviticus 19:30
You must keep My Sabbaths and have reverence for My sanctuary. I am the LORD.

Leviticus 23:3
For six days work may be done, but the seventh day is to be a Sabbath of complete rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to the LORD.

Deuteronomy 5:16
Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, so that your days may be long and that it may go well with you in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

Deuteronomy 21:18
If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother, or listen to them when disciplined,

Deuteronomy 27:16
Cursed is he who dishonors his father or mother.' And let all the people say, 'Amen!'

Treasury of Scripture

You shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

fear

Exodus 20:12
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

Exodus 21:15,17
And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death…

Deuteronomy 21:18-21
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: …

keep

Leviticus 26:2
Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD.

Exodus 16:29
See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

Exodus 20:8
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.







Lexicon
Each
אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

of you must respect
תִּירָ֔אוּ (tî·rā·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3372: To fear, to revere, caus, to frighten

his mother
אִמּ֤וֹ (’im·mōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

and father,
וְאָבִיו֙ (wə·’ā·ḇîw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

and you must observe
תִּשְׁמֹ֑רוּ (tiš·mō·rū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

My Sabbaths.
שַׁבְּתֹתַ֖י (šab·bə·ṯō·ṯay)
Noun - common plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7676: Intermission, the Sabbath

I
אֲנִ֖י (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

am the LORD
יְהוָ֥ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

your God.
אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם׃ (’ĕ·lō·hê·ḵem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative
(3) Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father.--The first means to attain to the holiness which is to make the Israelite reflect the holiness of God, is uniformly to reverence his parents. Thus the group of precepts contained in this chapter opens with the fifth commandment in the Decalogue (Exodus 20:12), or, as the Apostle calls it, the first commandment with promise (Ephesians 6:2). During the second Temple, already the spiritual authorities called attention to the singular fact that this is one of the three instances in the Scriptures where, contrary to the usual practice, the mother is mentioned before the father; the other two being Genesis 44:20 and Leviticus 21:2. As children ordinarily fear the father and love the mother, hence they say precedence is here given to the mother in order to inculcate the duty of fearing them both alike. The expression "fear," however, they take to include the following :--(1) Not to stand or sit in the place set apart for the parents; (2) not to carp at or oppose their statements; and (3) not to call them by their proper names, but either to call them father or mother, or my master, my lady. Whilst the expression "honour," which is used in the parallel passage in Exodus 20:12, they understand to include (1) to provide them with food and raiment, and (2) to escort them. The parents, they urge, are God's representatives upon earth; hence as God is both to be "honoured" with our substance (Proverbs 3:9), and as He is to be "feared" (Deuteronomy 6:13), so our parents are both to be "honoured" (Exodus 20:12) and "feared" (Leviticus 19:3); and as he who blasphemes the name of God is stoned (Leviticus 24:16), so he who curses his father or mother is stoned (Leviticus 20:9).

And keep my sabbaths.--Joined with this fifth commandment is the fourth of the Decalogue. The education of the children, which at the early stages of the Hebrew commonwealth devolved upon the parents, was more especially carried on by them on Sabbath days. In these leisure hours, when the Israelites were strictly forbidden to engage in any secular work, they found it a pleasant task and a welcome occupation to instruct their children in the many symbols, rites, and ceremonies which formed part of the service of the Sabbaths. Hence the observance of the day implied the instruction of the people in the fear and admonition of the Lord, and in acquiring the holiness which is the keynote of this chapter. Hence, too, the violation of the sanctity of the Sabbath is denounced as the greatest sin which the Israelites committed (Ezekiel 20:12; Ezekiel 22:8; Ezekiel 23:38, &c.). It is probably for this reason that the administrators of the law during the second Temple say that the commandment about the Sabbath has here been selected to limit the duty of filial obedience. Its combination with the fifth commandment is to show that though children are admonished to obey their parents, yet if they should order the profanation of this holy day, the children must not obey. (See Leviticus 23:3.)

Verse 3. - Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father. The words fear and reverence are in this connection interchangeable. So Ephesians 5:33, "Let the wife see that she reverence her husband," where the word "reverence" would be more exactly translated by "fear." St. Paul points out that the importance of the fifth commandment is indicated in the Decalogue by its being" the first commandment with promise," that is, with a promise attached to it (Ephesians 6:2). The family life is built upon reverence to parents, and on the family is built society. Obedience to parents is a duty flowing out of one of the first two laws instituted by God - the law of marriage (Genesis 2:24). The second law instituted at the same time was that of the sabbath (Genesis 2:3), and in the verse before us observance of the sabbatical law is likewise inculcated, in the words that immediately follow - ye shall keep my sabbaths. 19:1-37 laws. - There are some ceremonial precepts in this chapter, but most of these precepts are binding on us, for they are explanations of the ten commandments. It is required that Israel be a holy people, because the God of Israel is a holy God, ver. 2. To teach real separation from the world and the flesh, and entire devotedness to God. This is now the law of Christ; may the Lord bring every thought within us into obedience to it! Children are to be obedient to their parents, ver. 3. The fear here required includes inward reverence and esteem, outward respect and obedience, care to please them and to make them easy. God only is to be worshipped, ver. 4. Turn not from the true God to false ones, from the God who will make you holy and happy, to those that will deceive you, and make you for ever miserable. Turn not your eyes to them, much less your heart. They should leave the gleanings of their harvest and vintage for the poor, ver. 9. Works of piety must be always attended with works of charity, according to our ability. We must not be covetous, griping, and greedy of every thing we can lay claim to, nor insist upon our right in all things. We are to be honest and true in all our dealings, ver. 11. Whatever we have in the world, we must see that we get it honestly, for we cannot be truly rich, or long rich, with that which is not so. Reverence to the sacred name of God must be shown, ver. 12. We must not detain what belongs to another, particularly the wages of the hireling, ver. 13. We must be tender of the credit and safety of those that cannot help themselves, ver. 14. Do no hurt to any, because they are unwilling or unable to avenge themselves. We ought to take heed of doing any thing which may occasion our weak brother to fall. The fear of God should keep us from doing wrong things, though they will not expose us to men's anger. Judges, and all in authority, are commanded to give judgment without partiality, ver. 15. To be a tale-bearer, and to sow discord among neighbours, is as bad an office as a man can put himself into. We are to rebuke our neighbour in love, ver. 17. Rather rebuke him than hate him, for an injury done to thyself. We incur guilt by not reproving; it is hating our brother. We should say, I will do him the kindness to tell him of his faults. We are to put off all malice, and to put on brotherly love, ver. 18. We often wrong ourselves, but we soon forgive ourselves those wrongs, and they do not at all lessen our love to ourselves; in like manner we should love our neighbour. We must in many cases deny ourselves for the good of our neighbour. Ver. 31: For Christians to have their fortunes told, to use spells and charms, or the like, is a sad affront to God. They must be grossly ignorant who ask, What harm is there in these things? Here is a charge to young people to show respect to the aged, ver. 32. Religion teaches good manners, and obliges us to honour those to whom honour is due. A charge was given to the Israelites to be very tender of strangers, ver. 33. Strangers, and the widows and fatherless, are God's particular care. It is at our peril, if we do them any wrong. Strangers shall be welcome to God's grace; we should do what we can to recommend religion to them. Justice in weights and measures is commanded, ver. 35. We must make conscience of obeying God's precepts. We are not to pick and choose our duty, but must aim at standing complete in all the will of God. And the nearer our lives and tempers are to the precepts of God's law, the happier shall we be, and the happier shall we make all around us, and the better shall we adorn the gospel.
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