Leviticus 20:9
New International Version
"'Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death. Because they have cursed their father or mother, their blood will be on their own head.

New Living Translation
“Anyone who dishonors father or mother must be put to death. Such a person is guilty of a capital offense.

English Standard Version
For anyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood is upon him.

Berean Study Bible
If anyone curses his father or mother, he must be put to death. He has cursed his father or mother; his blood shall be upon him.

King James Bible
For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

New King James Version
‘For everyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death. He has cursed his father or his mother. His blood shall be upon him.

New American Standard Bible
‘If there is anyone who curses his father or his mother, he shall certainly be put to death. He has cursed his father or his mother, and has brought his own death upon himself.

NASB 1995
If there is anyone who curses his father or his mother, he shall surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother, his bloodguiltiness is upon him.

NASB 1977
‘If there is anyone who curses his father or his mother, he shall surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother, his bloodguiltiness is upon him.

Amplified Bible
‘If anyone curses his father or mother, he shall most certainly be put to death; he has cursed his father or mother; his blood is on him [that is, he bears full responsibility for the consequences].

Christian Standard Bible
“If anyone curses his father or mother, he must be put to death. He has cursed his father or mother; his death is his own fault.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If anyone curses his father or mother, he must be put to death. He has cursed his father or mother; his blood is on his own hands.

American Standard Version
For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall surely be put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And a man who will curse his father or his mother shall certainly be killed; he cursed his father or his mother; his blood is upon him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Every man who shall speak evil of his father or of his mother, let him die the death; has he spoken evil of his father or his mother? he shall be guilty.

Contemporary English Version
If you curse your father or mother, you will be put to death, and it will be your own fault.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that curseth his father, or mother, dying let him die: he hath cursed his father, and mother, let his blood be upon him.

English Revised Version
For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall surely be put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

Good News Translation
The LORD gave the following regulations. Any of you that curse your father or mother shall be put to death; you are responsible for your own death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Whoever curses his father or mother must be put to death. He has cursed his father or mother and deserves to die.

International Standard Version
"Anyone who curses his father or mother is certainly to be put to death. He has cursed his father or mother, so his guilt will remain his responsibility."

JPS Tanakh 1917
For whatsoever man there be that curseth his father or his mother shall surely be put to death; he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

Literal Standard Version
For any man who reviles his father and his mother is certainly put to death; he has reviled his father and his mother: his blood [is] on him.

NET Bible
"'If anyone curses his father and mother he must be put to death. He has cursed his father and mother; his blood guilt is on himself.

New Heart English Bible
"'For everyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death: he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

World English Bible
"'For everyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death: he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

Young's Literal Translation
For any man who revileth his father and his mother is certainly put to death; his father and his mother he hath reviled: his blood is on him.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Punishments for Disobedience
8And you shall keep My statutes and practice them. I am the LORD who sanctifies you. 9If anyone curses his father or mother, he must be put to death. He has cursed his father or mother; his blood shall be upon him.

Cross References
Matthew 15:4
For God said, 'Honor your father and mother' and 'Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.'

Mark 7:10
For Moses said, 'Honor your father and your mother' and 'Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.'

Exodus 21:17
Anyone who curses his father or mother must surely be put to death.

Deuteronomy 27:16
Cursed is he who dishonors his father or mother.' And let all the people say, 'Amen!'

Proverbs 20:20
Whoever curses his father or mother, his lamp will be extinguished in deepest darkness.

Ezekiel 22:7
Father and mother are treated with contempt. Within your walls the foreign resident is exploited, the fatherless and the widow are oppressed.


Treasury of Scripture

For every one that curses his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be on him.

Exodus 21:17
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Deuteronomy 27:16
Cursed be he that setteth light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Proverbs 20:20
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

his blood

Leviticus 20:11-13,16,27
And the man that lieth with his father's wife hath uncovered his father's nakedness: both of them shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them…

Joshua 2:19
And it shall be, that whosoever shall go out of the doors of thy house into the street, his blood shall be upon his head, and we will be guiltless: and whosoever shall be with thee in the house, his blood shall be on our head, if any hand be upon him.

Judges 9:24
That the cruelty done to the threescore and ten sons of Jerubbaal might come, and their blood be laid upon Abimelech their brother, which slew them; and upon the men of Shechem, which aided him in the killing of his brethren.









(9) For every one that curseth his father.--Though the administrators of the Law during the second Temple have laid down the most minute regulation with regard to filial obedience (see Leviticus 19:3), and though nothing can exceed the tenderness with which they instilled into the hearts of children the Biblical precepts on this subject (Exodus 20:12), yet they enacted that the child only incurred the penalty of death when he used the ineffable name God when cursing his parent, who was either alive or dead, and that if he used an attribute of the Deity, such as Almighty, the Merciful, &c, he was simply to be beaten with stripes. This will account for the rendering of this passage in the ancient Chaldee Version, "who curseth his father or his mother by the inexpressible name," i.e., Jehovah.

Verse 9. - See above, the note on chapter Leviticus 19:14, which shows how God's word is made of none effect by man's traditions. God says that a man who curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death. Human authority, incontrovertible throughout a great part of Christendom, declares that in most cases it is no grave sin.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

anyone
אִ֣ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

curses
יְקַלֵּ֧ל (yə·qal·lêl)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7043: To be slight, swift or trifling

his father
אָבִ֛יו (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1: Father

or mother,
אִמּ֖וֹ (’im·mōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 517: A mother, )

he must be put to death.
מ֣וֹת (mō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

He has cursed
קִלֵּ֖ל (qil·lêl)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7043: To be slight, swift or trifling

his father
אָבִ֧יו (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1: Father

or mother;
וְאִמּ֛וֹ (wə·’im·mōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 517: A mother, )

his blood
דָּמָ֥יו (dā·māw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1818: Blood, of man, an animal, the juice of the grape, bloodshed

[shall be] upon him.
בּֽוֹ׃ (bōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew


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OT Law: Leviticus 20:9 For everyone who curses his father (Le Lv Lev.)
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