Deuteronomy 21:18
New International Version
If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him,

New Living Translation
"Suppose a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father or mother, even though they discipline him.

English Standard Version
“If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and, though they discipline him, will not listen to them,

Berean Study Bible
If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother, or listen to them when disciplined,

New American Standard Bible
"If any man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father or his mother, and when they chastise him, he will not even listen to them,

King James Bible
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them:

Christian Standard Bible
"If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father or mother and doesn't listen to them even after they discipline him,

Contemporary English Version
A father and a mother may have a stubborn and rebellious son who refuses to obey them even after he has been punished.

Good News Translation
"Suppose someone has a son who is stubborn and rebellious, a son who will not obey his parents, even though they punish him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father or mother and doesn't listen to them even after they discipline him,

International Standard Version
"If a man has a stubborn son who does not obey his parents, and although they try to discipline him, he still refuses to pay attention to them,

NET Bible
If a person has a stubborn, rebellious son who pays no attention to his father or mother, and they discipline him to no avail,

New Heart English Bible
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and, though they chasten him, will not listen to them;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Parents might have a stubborn and rebellious son who doesn't obey them. Even though they punish him, he still won't listen to them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, that will not hearken to the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and though they chasten him, will not hearken unto them;

New American Standard 1977
“If any man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father or his mother, and when they chastise him, he will not even listen to them,

Jubilee Bible 2000
When anyone has a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother and when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them,

King James 2000 Bible
If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them:

American King James Version
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not listen to them:

American Standard Version
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, that will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and, though they chasten him, will not hearken unto them;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if any man has a disobedient and contentious son, who hearkens not to the voice of his father and the voice of his mother, and they should correct him, and he should not hearken to them;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man have a stubborn and unruly son, who will not hear the commandments of his father or mother, and being corrected, slighteth obedience:

Darby Bible Translation
If a man have an unmanageable and rebellious son, who hearkeneth not unto the voice of his father, nor unto the voice of his mother, and they have chastened him, but he hearkeneth not unto them;

English Revised Version
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and though they chasten him, will not hearken unto them:

Webster's Bible Translation
If a man shall have a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and who, when they have chastened him, will not hearken to them:

World English Bible
If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, who will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and, though they chasten him, will not listen to them;

Young's Literal Translation
'When a man hath a son apostatizing and rebellious -- he is not hearkening to the voice of his father, and to the voice of his mother, and they have chastised him, and he doth not hearken unto them --
Study Bible
A Rebellious Son
18If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother, or listen to them when disciplined, 19his father and mother are to lay hold of him and bring him to the elders of his city, to the gate of his hometown,…
Cross References
Ephesians 6:1
Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.

Exodus 20:12
Honor your father and mother, so that your days may be long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.

Leviticus 19:3
Each of you must respect his mother and father, and you must observe My Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 21:19
his father and mother are to lay hold of him and bring him to the elders of his city, to the gate of his hometown,

1 Samuel 3:13
I told him that I will judge his house forever for the iniquity of which he knows, because his sons blasphemed God and he did not restrain them.

Proverbs 1:8
Listen, my son, to your father's instruction, and do not forsake the teaching of your mother.

Jeremiah 5:23
But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts. They have turned aside and gone away.

Treasury of Scripture

If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not listen to them:

have a stubborn

Proverbs 28:24
Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith, It is no transgression; the same is the companion of a destroyer.

Proverbs 30:11,17
There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother…

Isaiah 1:2
Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.

obey the voice

Deuteronomy 27:16
Cursed be he that setteth light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Exodus 20:12
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

Exodus 21:15,17
And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death…

when they

Deuteronomy 8:5
Thou shalt also consider in thine heart, that, as a man chasteneth his son, so the LORD thy God chasteneth thee.

2 Samuel 7:14
I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

Proverbs 13:24
He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.

will not

Isaiah 1:5
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.

Jeremiah 31:18
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.







Lexicon
If
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
לְאִ֗ישׁ (lə·’îš)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

has
יִהְיֶ֣ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a stubborn
סוֹרֵ֣ר (sō·w·rêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5637: To turn away, be refractory

and rebellious
וּמוֹרֶ֔ה (ū·mō·w·reh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4784: To be contentious or rebellious

son
בֵּ֚ן (bên)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

who does not
אֵינֶ֣נּוּ (’ê·nen·nū)
Adverb | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

obey
שֹׁמֵ֔עַ (šō·mê·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

his father
אָבִ֖יו (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

and mother,
אִמּ֑וֹ (’im·mōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

[or]
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

listen
יִשְׁמַ֖ע (yiš·ma‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

to them
אֲלֵיהֶֽם׃ (’ă·lê·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

when disciplined,
וְיסְּר֣וּ‪‬‪‬‪‬ (wə·yis·sə·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3256: To discipline, chasten, admonish
Deuteronomy 21:18-21. THE INCORRIGIBLE SON.

(18) If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son.--Here we are again reminded that the Law of Jehovah was also the civil and criminal law of Israel. The systematic breach of the first commandment of the second table of the Law, no less than of the first commandment of the first table, entailed the penalty of death. Manifestly this enactment, if carried out, would be a great protection to the country against lawless and abandoned characters, and would rid it of one very large element in the dangerous classes.

(20) Stubborn and rebellious.--The Hebrew words became proverbial as the worst form of reproach, sorer �-moreh. This word moreh was the one employed by Moses, when, speaking "unadvisedly" (Numbers 20:10), he said to the people, "Hear now, ye rebels, must we fetch you water out of this rock?" It appears in the Revised New Testament, in the margin of St. Matthew 5:22, for "thou fool." But the Greek word there employed is true Greek, and has its own affinities in the New Testament. And the word moreh is true Hebrew. They may be idiomatically synonymous. They are not etymologically identical.

A glutton and a drunkard.--The same two words are found in Proverbs 23:20-22, "Be not among wine bibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh: For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags. Hearken unto thy father that begat thee; and despise not thy mother when she is old." The context of this quotation seems to make it a distinct reference to the law in Deuteronomy 21

(21) Shall stone him with stones.--Rashi says that the Law cuts short the man's career, anticipating what its close will be. When he has spent all his father's money, he will take to the road, and become a public robber. It is better that he die innocent of such crimes than guilty. We can hardly adopt this view of the case; but it contains one feature that is terribly true.

Verses 18-21. - If a son was refractory and unmanageable by his parents, if, given to sensual indulgence, he would yield neither to reproof nor to chastisement, - the parents were to lay hold on him, and lead him to the elders of the town, sitting as magistrates at its gates, and there accuse him of his evil ways and rebelliousness. The testimony of the parents was apparently held sufficient to substantiate the charge, and this being received by the elders, the culprit was to be put to death by stoning. 21:18-21 Observe how the criminal is here described. He is a stubborn and rebellious son. No child was to fare the worse for weakness of capacity, slowness, or dulness, but for wilfulness and obstinacy. Nothing draws men into all manner of wickedness, and hardens them in it more certainly and fatally, than drunkenness. When men take to drinking, they forget the law of honouring parents. His own father and mother must complain of him to the elders of the city. Children who forget their duty, must thank themselves, and not blame their parents, if they are regarded with less and less affection. He must be publicly stoned to death by the men of his city. Disobedience to a parent's authority must be very evil, when such a punishment was ordered; nor is it less provoking to God now, though it escapes punishment in this world. But when young people early become slaves to sensual appetites, the heart soon grows hard, and the conscience callous; and we can expect nothing but rebellion and destruction.
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