Deuteronomy 21:10
New International Version
When you go to war against your enemies and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take captives,

New Living Translation
"Suppose you go out to war against your enemies and the LORD your God hands them over to you, and you take some of them as captives.

English Standard Version
“When you go out to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God gives them into your hand and you take them captive,

Berean Study Bible
When you go to war against your enemies and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them captive,

New American Standard Bible
"When you go out to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them away captive,

King James Bible
When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God hath delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

Christian Standard Bible
"When you go to war against your enemies and the LORD your God hands them over to you and you take some of them prisoner, and

Contemporary English Version
From time to time, you men will serve as soldiers and go off to war. The LORD your God will help you defeat your enemies, and you will take many prisoners.

Good News Translation
"When the LORD your God gives you victory in battle and you take prisoners,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When you go to war against your enemies and the LORD your God hands them over to you and you take some of them prisoner, and

International Standard Version
"If you go to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your control, you may take some prisoners captive.

NET Bible
When you go out to do battle with your enemies and the LORD your God allows you to prevail and you take prisoners,

New Heart English Bible
When you go forth to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands, and you carry them away captive,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you go to war with your enemies and the LORD your God hands them over to you, you may take them captive.

JPS Tanakh 1917
When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God delivereth them into thy hands, and thou carriest them away captive,

New American Standard 1977
“When you go out to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands, and you take them away captive,

Jubilee Bible 2000
When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God has delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

King James 2000 Bible
When you go forth to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God has delivered them into your hands, and you have taken them captive,

American King James Version
When you go forth to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God has delivered them into your hands, and you have taken them captive,

American Standard Version
When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God delivereth them into thy hands, and thou carriest them away captive,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if when thou goest out to war against thine enemies, the Lord thy God should deliver them into thine hands, and thou shouldest take their spoil,

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou go out to fight against thy enemies, and the Lord thy God deliver them into thy hand, and thou lead them away captives,

Darby Bible Translation
When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God delivereth them into thy hands, and thou hast taken captives of them,

English Revised Version
When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God delivereth them into thine hands, and thou carriest them away captive,

Webster's Bible Translation
When thou goest forth to war against thy enemies, and the LORD thy God hath delivered them into thy hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

World English Bible
When you go forth to battle against your enemies, and Yahweh your God delivers them into your hands, and you carry them away captive,

Young's Literal Translation
'When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God hath given them into thy hand, and thou hast taken captive its captivity,
Study Bible
Marrying a Captive Woman
10When you go to war against your enemies and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them captive, 11if you see a beautiful woman among them, and you desire her and want to take her as your wife,…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 21:11
if you see a beautiful woman among them, and you desire her and want to take her as your wife,

Joshua 21:44
And the LORD gave them rest on every side, just as He had sworn to their fathers. None of their enemies could stand against them, for the LORD delivered all their enemies into their hand.

Treasury of Scripture

When you go forth to war against your enemies, and the LORD your God has delivered them into your hands, and you have taken them captive,

thou goest

Deuteronomy 20:10-16
When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it…







Lexicon
When
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you go
תֵצֵ֥א (ṯê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

to war
לַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה (lam·mil·ḥā·māh)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

your enemies
אֹיְבֶ֑יךָ (’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

and the LORD
יְהוָ֧ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

your God
אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ (’ĕ·lō·he·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

delivers them
וּנְתָנ֞וֹ (ū·nə·ṯā·nōw)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

into your hands
בְּיָדֶ֖ךָ (bə·yā·ḏe·ḵā)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

and you take
וְשָׁבִ֥יתָ (wə·šā·ḇî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7617: To transport into captivity

them captive,
שִׁבְיֽוֹ׃ (šiḇ·yōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7617: To transport into captivity
Deuteronomy 21:10-14. MARRIAGE OF CAPTIVE WOMEN.

(10, 11) When thou . . . seest among the captives a beautiful woman.--This could not be among the seven nations, of whom it is said (Deuteronomy 20:1-6), "thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth." But it may well apply to the recent case of the Midianitish maidens (Numbers 31:15-18), who had been taken captive in great numbers, and would naturally be reduced to slavery. It is clear from this passage that they could not be treated as concubines.

(12) Shall shave her head, and pare her nails.--Rashi's view is that the object of this order is to spoil the beauty of the captive. The long hair is to be cut off, and the nails pared. On this last point the Targums differ; one taking the view that they are to be left to grow and the other the opposite interpretation. In 2Samuel 19:24, there are two examples of the use of the word in the sense of attending to the person. The correct interpretation in this place depends upon the purpose for which the thing was to be done. If the intention was any kind of purification, and long or taper nails were considered an ornament (as by some Eastern nations), it is more probable that the nails were to be cut short.

(13) The raiment of her captivity.--Rashi takes this to mean the beautiful raiment put on for the purpose of attracting her captors. (Compare Jezebel's attempt to captivate Jehu, 2Kings 9:30.) Whatever may be the precise intent of these several instructions, it is clear that the law is intended to encourage lawful marriage, and no other form of union. In this view it throws an important light upon the treatment of the Midianitish captives in Numbers 31

(14) Thou shalt not make merchandise of her.--This shows that, in ordinary cases, these captives would be sold as slaves, without the restrictions imposed on Israelitish slavery. (See Leviticus 25:44-46.)

Verses 10-14. - If an Israelite saw among captives taken in war a woman, fair of aspect, and loved her, and took her to be his wife, he was to allow her a full month to mourn her lost kindred, and become accustomed to her new condition, before he consummated his union with her. This refers to captives from other nations than those of Canaan, with whom the Israelites were to form no alliance, and whom they were not to take captive, but either wholly destroy or render tributary (cf. Deuteronomy 7:3; Numbers 21:1, etc.; Joshua 11:19). 21:10-14 By this law a soldier was allowed to marry his captive, if he pleased. This might take place upon some occasions; but the law does not show any approval of it. It also intimates how binding the laws of justice and honour are in marriage; which is a sacred engagement.
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Deuteronomy 21:9
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