Leviticus 25:44
New International Version
"'Your male and female slaves are to come from the nations around you; from them you may buy slaves.

New Living Translation
“However, you may purchase male and female slaves from among the nations around you.

English Standard Version
As for your male and female slaves whom you may have: you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations that are around you.

Berean Study Bible
Your male and female slaves shall come from the nations around you; from them you may purchase slaves.

New American Standard Bible
'As for your male and female slaves whom you may have-- you may acquire male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around you.

King James Bible
Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.

Christian Standard Bible
Your male and female slaves are to be from the nations around you; you may purchase male and female slaves.

Contemporary English Version
If you want slaves, buy them from other nations

Good News Translation
If you need slaves, you may buy them from the nations around you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Your male and female slaves are to be from the nations around you; you may purchase male and female slaves.

International Standard Version
"As for your male and maid slaves who will be with you, you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations.

NET Bible
"'As for your male and female slaves who may belong to you--you may buy male and female slaves from the nations all around you.

New Heart English Bible
"'As for your male and your female slaves, whom you may have; of the nations that are around you, from them you may buy male and female slaves.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"You may have male and female slaves, but buy them from the nations around you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And as for thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, whom thou mayest have: of the nations that are round about you, of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.

New American Standard 1977
‘As for your male and female slaves whom you may have—you may acquire male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around you.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Both thy menslaves and thy maidslaves, which thou shalt have, shall be of the Gentiles that are round about you; of them shall ye buy slaves.

King James 2000 Bible
Both your male and female slaves, whom you shall have, shall be of the nations that are round about you; of them shall you buy male and female slaves.

American King James Version
Both your slaves, and your bondmaids, which you shall have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall you buy slaves and bondmaids.

American Standard Version
And as for thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, whom thou shalt have; of the nations that are round about you, of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And whatever number of men-servants and maid-servants thou shalt have, thou shalt purchase male and female servants from the nations that are round about thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let your bondmen, and your bondwomen, be of the nations that are round about you.

Darby Bible Translation
And as for thy bondman and thy handmaid whom thou shalt have -- of the nations that are round about you, of them shall ye buy bondmen and handmaids.

English Revised Version
And as for thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have; of the nations that are round about you, of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids.

Webster's Bible Translation
Both thy bond-men, and thy bond-maids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are around you; of them shall ye buy bond-men and bond-maids.

World English Bible
"'As for your male and your female slaves, whom you may have; of the nations that are around you, from them you may buy male and female slaves.

Young's Literal Translation
And thy man-servant and thy handmaid whom thou hast are of the nations who are round about you; of them ye buy man-servant and handmaid,
Study Bible
Redemption of Bondmen
43You are not to rule over them harshly, but you shall fear your God. 44Your male and female slaves shall come from the nations around you; from them you may purchase slaves. 45You may also purchase them from the foreigners residing among you or their clans living among you who are born in your land. These may become your property.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:21
However, if the servant gets up after a day or two, the owner shall not be punished, since the servant is his property.

Leviticus 25:43
You are not to rule over them harshly, but you shall fear your God.

Leviticus 25:45
You may also purchase them from the foreigners residing among you or their clans living among you who are born in your land. These may become your property.

Treasury of Scripture

Both your slaves, and your bondmaids, which you shall have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall you buy slaves and bondmaids.

Exodus 12:44
But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

Psalm 2:8,9
Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession…

Isaiah 14:1,2
For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob…







Lexicon
Your male
וְעַבְדְּךָ֥ (wə·‘aḇ·də·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

and female slaves
וַאֲמָתְךָ֖ (wa·’ă·mā·ṯə·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 519: A maidservant, female slave

shall come
יִהְיוּ־ (yih·yū-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

from
מֵאֵ֣ת (mê·’êṯ)
Preposition-m | Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

the nations
הַגּוֹיִ֗ם (hag·gō·w·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

around you;
סְבִיבֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם (sə·ḇî·ḇō·ṯê·ḵem)
Adverb | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5439: A circle, neighbour, environs, around

from them
מֵהֶ֥ם (mê·hem)
Preposition-m | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

you may purchase
תִּקְנ֖וּ (tiq·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7069: To erect, create, to procure, by purchase, to own

slaves.
עֶ֥בֶד (‘e·ḇeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant
(44) Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen.--Rather, As for thy bondmen and bondmaids which thou must have of the heathen, &c. As the Law forbids the Israelites to have their brethren as bondmen, or employ them in menial work which belongs to the slaves, the Lawgiver anticipates a difficulty which the Hebrews might raise against these enactments. If they are not to be engaged in this work, who then is to do it? Hence the reply in the verse before us.

Of the heathen that are round about you.--These are to be purchased to do the necessary work. The Israelites, however, were restricted to the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Edomites, and the Syrians, who were their neighbours, but were not permitted to buy any slaves from the seven nations who were in the midst of them, and whom they were ordered to destroy (Deuteronomy 20:16-18).

Verses 44-46. - Slavery is not forbidden in respect to non-Israelites. The world was not yet ready for it, as it was not ready in the days of St. Paul. 25:39-55 A native Israelite, if sold for debt, or for a crime, was to serve but six years, and to go out the seventh. If he sold himself, through poverty, both his work and his usage must be such as were fitting for a son of Abraham. Masters are required to give to their servants that which is just and equal, Col 4:1. At the year of jubilee the servant should go out free, he and his children, and should return to his own family. This typified redemption from the service of sin and Satan, by the grace of God in Christ, whose truth makes us free, Joh 8:32. We cannot ransom our fellow-sinners, but we may point out Christ to them; while by his grace our lives may adorn his gospel, express our love, show our gratitude, and glorify his holy name.
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