Exodus 12:44
New International Version
Any slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised him,

New Living Translation
But any slave who has been purchased may eat it if he has been circumcised.

English Standard Version
but every slave that is bought for money may eat of it after you have circumcised him.

Berean Study Bible
But any slave who has been purchased may eat of it, after you have circumcised him.

New American Standard Bible
but every man's slave purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat of it.

King James Bible
But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

Christian Standard Bible
But any slave a man has purchased may eat it, after you have circumcised him.

Contemporary English Version
Your slaves may eat the meal if they have been circumcised,

Good News Translation
but any slave that you have bought may eat it if you circumcise him first.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But any slave a man has purchased may eat it, after you have circumcised him.

International Standard Version
though any slave purchased with money may eat it after you have circumcised him.

NET Bible
But everyone's servant who is bought for money, after you have circumcised him, may eat it.

New Heart English Bible
but every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat of it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Any male slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

New American Standard 1977
but every man’s slave purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat of it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but every man's slave that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat of it.

King James 2000 Bible
But every man's servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

American King James Version
But every man's servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

American Standard Version
but every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And every slave or servant bought with money—him thou shalt circumcise, and then shall he eat of it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But every bought servant shall be circumcised, and so shall eat.

Darby Bible Translation
but every man's bondman that is bought for money -- let him be circumcised: then shall he eat it.

English Revised Version
but every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat of it.

World English Bible
but every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat of it.

Young's Literal Translation
and any man's servant, the purchase of money, when thou hast circumcised him -- then he doth eat of it;
Study Bible
Instructions for the Passover
43And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner is to eat of it. 44But any slave who has been purchased may eat of it, after you have circumcised him. 45A temporary resident or hired hand shall not eat the Passover.…
Cross References
Genesis 17:12
Generation after generation, every male must be circumcised when he is eight days old, including those born in your household and those purchased from a foreigner--even those who are not your offspring.

Genesis 17:13
Whether they are born in your household or purchased, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh will be an everlasting covenant.

Leviticus 22:11
But if a priest buys a slave with his own money, or if a slave is born in his household, that slave may eat his food.

Treasury of Scripture

But every man's servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

circumcised

Genesis 17:12,13,23
And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed…







Lexicon
But any
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

slave [who]
עֶ֥בֶד (‘e·ḇeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

has been purchased
מִקְנַת־ (miq·naṯ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4736: A buying, acquisition, a piece of property, the sum paid

may eat of it,
יֹ֥אכַל (yō·ḵal)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

after you have circumcised him.
וּמַלְתָּ֣ה (ū·mal·tāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4135: To cut short, curtail, to blunt, to destroy
(44) Every man's servant.--Slaves born in the house were required to be circumcised on the eighth day, like Israelites (Genesis 17:13). Bought slaves were allowed their choice. It is noticeable that the circumcised slave was to be admitted to full religious equality with his master.

Verse 44. - Every man's servant that is bought for money. Or "every man's slave." The Mosaic Law found servitude existing, and left it existing, only guarding against its extreme abuses (Exodus 21:20-27). It put no check on the traffic in slaves. When thou hast circumcised him. The Jewish commentators say, that the desire of the slave to receive the rite and become a Jew is here implied. But it would seem rather, that opposition and refusal is not thought of as possible (see Genesis 17:13, 17). The case is like that of baptism among the barbarous nations, where no sooner was the king converted than a general order went forth for the baptism of his subjects, which no one thought of resisting. Then shall he eat thereof. It was a principle of the Jewish law that the slaves should be admitted to complete religious equality with the native Israelites. (compare Leviticus 22:11). 12:43-51 In times to come, all the congregation of Israel must keep the passover. All that share in God's mercies should join in thankful praises for them. The New Testament passover, the Lord's supper, ought not to be neglected by any. Strangers, if circumcised, might eat of the passover. Here is an early indication of favour to the gentiles. This taught the Jews that their being a nation favoured by God, entitled them to their privileges, not their descent from Abraham. Christ our passover is sacrificed for us, 1Co 5:7; his blood is the only ransom for our souls; without the shedding of it there is no remission; without the sprinkling of it there can be no salvation. Have we, by faith in him, sheltered our souls from deserved vengeance under the protection of his atoning blood? Do we keep close to him, constantly depending upon him? Do we so profess our faith in the Redeemer, and our obligations to him, that all who pass by may know to whom we belong? Do we stand prepared for his service, ready to walk in his ways, and to separate ourselves from his enemies? These are questions of vast importance to the soul; may the Lord direct our consciences honestly to answer them.
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