Exodus 12:37
New International Version
The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.

New Living Translation
That night the people of Israel left Rameses and started for Succoth. There were about 600,000 men, plus all the women and children.

English Standard Version
And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.

Berean Study Bible
The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth with about 600,000 men on foot, besides women and children.

King James Bible
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

New King James Version
Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children.

New American Standard Bible
Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.

NASB 1995
Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.

NASB 1977
Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.

Amplified Bible
Now the Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides [the women and] the children.

Christian Standard Bible
The Israelites traveled from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand able-bodied men on foot, besides their families.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Israelites traveled from Rameses to Succoth, about 600,000 soldiers on foot, besides their families.

American Standard Version
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, besides children.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the children of Israel picked up from Raamsis to Sekoth, six hundred thousand men on foot, apart from the families.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the children Israel departed from Ramesses to Socchoth, to the full number of six hundred thousand footmen, even men, besides the baggage.

Contemporary English Version
The Israelites walked from the city of Rameses to the city of Succoth. There were about 600,000 of them, not counting women and children.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the children of Israel set forward from Ramesse to Socoth, being about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children.

English Revised Version
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

Good News Translation
The Israelites set out on foot from Rameses for Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 men, not counting women and children.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Israelites left Rameses to go to Succoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, plus all the women and children.

International Standard Version
About 600,000 Israeli men traveled from Rameses to Succoth on foot, not counting children.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children.

Literal Standard Version
And the sons of Israel journey from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, apart from infants;

NET Bible
The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 men on foot, plus their dependants.

New Heart English Bible
The children of Israel traveled from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot who were men, besides children.

World English Bible
The children of Israel traveled from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot who were men, besides children.

Young's Literal Translation
And the sons of Israel journey from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, apart from infants;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Exodus Begins
36And the LORD gave the people such favor in the sight of the Egyptians that they granted their request. In this way they plundered the Egyptians. 37The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth with about 600,000 men on foot, besides women and children. 38And a mixed multitude also went up with them, along with great droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.…

Cross References
Genesis 47:11
So Joseph settled his father and brothers in the land of Egypt and gave them property in the best part of the land, the district of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.

Exodus 10:9
"We will go with our young and old," Moses replied. "We will go with our sons and daughters, and with our flocks and herds, for we must hold a feast to the LORD."

Exodus 13:20
They set out from Succoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

Exodus 38:26
a beka per person, that is, half a shekel, according to the sanctuary shekel, from everyone twenty years of age or older who had crossed over to be numbered, a total of 603,550 men.

Numbers 1:2
"Take a census of the whole congregation of Israel by their clans and families, listing every man by name, one by one.

Numbers 1:46
And all those counted totaled 603,550.

Numbers 2:32
These are the Israelites, numbered according to their families. The total of those counted in the camps, by their divisions, was 603,550.


Treasury of Scripture

And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

the children

Numbers 33:3,5
And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians…

Rameses

Exodus 1:11
Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.

Genesis 47:11
And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.

six hundred

Exodus 38:26
A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men.

Genesis 12:2
And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:

Genesis 15:5
And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.









THE DEPARTURE OF ISRAEL, THEIR NUMBERS, AND THE TIME OF THE EGYPTIAN SOJOURN.

(37-41) The two principal statements of this passage are--(1) that the sojourn of the Israelites in Egypt lasted four hundred and thirty years; and (2) that at the time of the departure the number of the "men" (gebarim) was six hundred thousand. This latter statement is evidently a rough one, but it is confirmed, and even enlarged, by the more accurate estimate of Numbers 1, 2, which goes into particulars with respect to the several tribes, and makes the exact amount of the adult male population, exclusive of the Levites, to be 625,540 (Numbers 2:32). It would follow that the nation, at the time of its departure, was one of above two millions of souls.

Two difficulties are raised with respect to this estimate:--(1) Could the Israelites possibly have increased during their sojourn in Egypt from the "seventy souls" who went down with Jacob to two millions? (2) Is it conceivable that such a multitude, with their flocks and herds, could have quitted Egypt on one day, and marched in a body through the narrow wadys of the Sinaitic region to the plain in front of Sinai? Could even that plain have contained them? With regard to the first point, before it can be decided we must ascertain what are the exact data. What is to be taken as the original number of those who "went down into Egypt?" what as the duration of the sojourn? It has been already shown (see the comment on Exodus 1:5) that the descendants of Jacob who entered Egypt were probably a hundred and thirty-two rather than seventy; that they were accompanied by their wives and husbands; that they took with them also their "households," which were very numerous (see Note on Genesis 17:13); and that the entire number is fairly estimated at "several thousands." Let us then place it at 3,000.

The duration of the sojourn in Egypt, stated in the Hebrew text at 430 years, is reduced by the LXX. and Samaritan Versions to half the time: i.e., to 215 years. If we accept Mr. Malthus's statement, that in the absence of artificial checks population will double itself every twenty years, we shall find that 3,000 persons might, in the space of two centuries, increase to above 3,000,000; so that even the 215 years of the Greek and Samaritan Versions would admit of such a multiplication as that required. But as there is no sufficient reason for preferring the Versions to the Original, or the period of 215 to that of 430 years, we are entitled to regard the latter term as the real duration of the sojourn, in which case a doubling of the population every forty-five years would have produced the result indicated. Such a result under the circumstances, in the rich soil of Egypt, in the extensive territory granted to the Israelites, and with God's special blessing on the people, is in no way surprising.

The difficulty of handling so vast a body, and marching them from Goshen to the Red Sea, and from the Red Sea to Sinai, remains, and, no doubt, is considerable. But we must remember that as far as Marah the country was perfectly open, and allowed of any extension of the line of march on either flank. After this, the wadys were entered, and the real difficulties of the journey began. Probably the host spread itself out, and proceeded to the rendezvous in front of the Ras Sufsafeh by several routes, of which Moses traces only the one which he himself followed. The plain Er-Rahah, according to the calculations of the best engineers, would have contained the entire multitude; but it is unnecessary to suppose that all were at any one time present in it. The whole Sinaitic district was probably occupied by the flocks and herds, and the herdsmen who tended them. Many of the tents may have been pitched in the Wady-ed-Deir and the Seil Leja. All that the narrative requires is that the main body of the people should have been encamped in front of Sinai, have heard the Decalogue delivered, and consented to the covenant.

(37) From Rameses to Succoth.--The difference between the Raamses of Exodus 1:11 and the Rameses of this passage is merely one of "pointing;" nor is there the least ground for supposing that a different place is intended. Pi-Ramesu was the main capital of the kings of the nineteenth dynasty, having superseded Tanis, of which it was a suburb. (See Note on Exodus 1:11.) Succoth has been identified by Dr. Brugsch with an Egyptian town called Thukot; but it is probably a Semitic word, signifying "tents" or "booths." The district south-east of Tanis is one in which clusters of "booths" have been at all times common. Some one of these--situated, perhaps, near the modern Tel-Dafneh, fifteen miles south-east of Tanis--was the first halt of the Israelites. . . .

Verses 37-39. - THE DEPARTURE. There are, no doubts, great difficulties in conceiving the departure on one day, from one place, of "six hundred thousand that were men, beside children." The difficulty is increased when we find (from Numbers 1:3-43) that by "men" is meant males above twenty years of age. The entire body of Israelites is thus raised from over half a million to over two millions. The whole narrative, however, supposes some such number; and it is accepted by the best critics, as Ewald, Kalisch, Kurtz, Canon Cook, and others. As these two millions must have lived dispersed over a considerable space, and there could have been no advantage in their all assembling at Rameses (Tunis), we are probably to suppose the main body with Moses and Aaron to have stared from that place, while the others, obeying orders previously given, started from all parts of Goshen, and converged upon Succoth, which was the first rendezvous. Each body of travellers was accompanied by its flocks and herds, and followed by a number of slaves, dependants, and sympathisers not of Hebrew birth (ver. 38), which still further enlarged their numbers. The extremely open character of the country, and the firmness of the soil at the time of year, would facilitate the journey. There was no marching along roads, which indeed did not exist. Each company could spread itself out at its pleasure, and go its own pace. All knew the point of meeting, and marched towards it, in converging lines, there being no obstacle to hinder them. Arrived in the vicinity of Succoth, they could bivouac without hurt, in that fine climate, in the open air. Verse 37. - From Rameses. It has been doubted whether this "Rameses" is the same place as the "Raamses" of Exodus 1:11. But the doubt scarcely seems to be reasonable. The two words differ only in the pointing. Brugsch has clearly shown that Rameses (Pa-Ramesu) was a town newly built in the reign of Rameses II., partly erected by himself, in the immediate vicinity of the old city of Tanis or Zoan. It was the favourite capital of both Rameses II. and Menephthah. (See Brugsch, Hist. of Egypt, vol. 2. pp. 96 and 128.) Succoth. The meaning of the word "Succoth" is "booths." Mr. Greville Chester tells us that "huts made of reeds" are common at the present day in the tract south-east of Tunis, and suggests that the Succoth here mentioned may have been at Salahiyeh, fifteen miles due south of Tunis. Tel-Defneh, at the same distance to the south-east, is perhaps a more probable site. Six hundred thousand. See the Introductory paragraph. At the time of the numbering recorded in Numbers 1, the males above twenty years of age were 625,550. Beside children. Rather, "beside families." The word used includes all the women, and the children under twenty.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The Israelites
בְנֵֽי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

journeyed
וַיִּסְע֧וּ (way·yis·‘ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5265: To pull up, the tent-pins, start on a, journey

from Rameses
מֵרַעְמְסֵ֖ס (mê·ra‘·mə·sês)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 7486: Rameses -- a city in Egypt

to Succoth
סֻכֹּ֑תָה (suk·kō·ṯāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5523: Succoth -- a city East of the Jordan, also a place in Egypt

with about 600,000
כְּשֵׁשׁ־ (kə·šêš-)
Preposition-k | Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's 8337: Six (a cardinal number)

men
הַגְּבָרִ֖ים (hag·gə·ḇā·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 1397: A valiant man, warrior, a person simply

on foot,
רַגְלִ֛י (raḡ·lî)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 7273: A footman

besides
לְבַ֥ד (lə·ḇaḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 905: Separation, a part of the body, branch of a, tree, bar for, carrying, chief of

women and children.
מִטָּֽף׃ (miṭ·ṭāp̄)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2945: A family


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OT Law: Exodus 12:37 The children of Israel traveled from Rameses (Exo. Ex)
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