Exodus 14:7
New International Version
He took six hundred of the best chariots, along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.

New Living Translation
He took with him 600 of Egypt's best chariots, along with the rest of the chariots of Egypt, each with its commander.

English Standard Version
and took six hundred chosen chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them.

Berean Study Bible
He took 600 of the best chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.

New American Standard Bible
and he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them.

King James Bible
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Christian Standard Bible
he took six hundred of the best chariots and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, with officers in each one.

Contemporary English Version
He commanded his officers in charge of his 600 best chariots and all his other chariots to start after the Israelites.

Good News Translation
He set out with all his chariots, including the six hundred finest, commanded by their officers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
he took 600 of the best chariots and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, with officers in each one.

International Standard Version
He took 600 of the best chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers in charge of each one.

NET Bible
He took six hundred select chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, and officers on all of them.

New Heart English Bible
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He took 600 of his best chariots as well as all the other chariots in Egypt, placing an officer in each of them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

New American Standard 1977
and he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and he took six hundred chosen chariots and all the chariots of Egypt and the captains over them.

King James 2000 Bible
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

American King James Version
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

American Standard Version
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
having also taken six hundred chosen chariots, and all the cavalry of the Egyptians, and rulers over all.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots that were in Egypt: and the captains of the whole army.

Darby Bible Translation
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

English Revised Version
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

World English Bible
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

Young's Literal Translation
and he taketh six hundred chosen chariots, even all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over them all;
Study Bible
Pharaoh Pursues the Israelites
6So Pharaoh prepared his chariot and took his army with him. 7He took 600 of the best chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them. 8And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out with fists raised in defiance.…
Cross References
Exodus 14:6
So Pharaoh prepared his chariot and took his army with him.

Exodus 14:8
And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out with fists raised in defiance.

Exodus 15:4
Pharaoh's chariots and army He has thrown into the sea; the finest of his officers are drowned in the Red Sea.

Treasury of Scripture

And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Exodus 14:23
And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

Exodus 15:4
Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea.

Joshua 17:16-18
And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bethshean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel…







Lexicon
He took
וַיִּקַּ֗ח (way·yiq·qaḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

600
שֵׁשׁ־ (šêš-)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8337: Six (a cardinal number)

of the best
בָּח֔וּר (bā·ḥūr)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 970: Selected, a youth

chariots,
רֶ֙כֶב֙ (re·ḵeḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

and all
וְכֹ֖ל (wə·ḵōl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the other chariots
רֶ֣כֶב (re·ḵeḇ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

of Egypt,
מִצְרָ֑יִם (miṣ·rā·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

with officers
וְשָׁלִשִׁ֖ם (wə·šā·li·šim)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7991: A triple, a triangle, a three-fold measure, a general of the third rank

over
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

all of them.
כֻּלּֽוֹ׃ (kul·lōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every
(7) Six hundred chosen chariots.--The chariot force was that on which the Egyptians chiefly relied for victory from the beginning of the eighteenth

dynasty. Diodorus Siculus assigns to his Sesostris (probably Rameses II.) a force of 27,000 chariots; but this is, no doubt, an exaggeration. The largest number of chariots brought together on any one occasion that is sufficiently attested, is believed by the present writer to be 3,940, which were collected by various confederates against an Assyrian king (Ancient Monarchies, vol. ii, p. 103, Note). In 1Samuel 13:5, 30,000 chariots are mentioned, no doubt by some numerical error. A force of 2,500 is said by Rameses II. to have been brought against him in his great Hittite campaign (Records of the Past, vol. ii., pp. 69, 71). Sheshonk I. (Shishak) invaded Judaea with 1,200 (2Chronicles 12:3). The "six hundred chosen chariots" of the present passage are thus quite within the limits of probability. Most likely they constituted a division of the royal guard, and were thus always at the king's disposal.

And all the chariots of Egypt.--The word "all" must not be pressed. The writer means "all that were available--that could be readily summoned." These could only be the chariots of Lower Egypt--those stationed at Memphis, Heliopolis, Bubastis, Pithom, Sebennytus perhaps, and Pelusium. They would probably amount to several hundreds.

Captains over every one of them.--Rather, over the whole of them. These "captains" are again mentioned in Exodus 15:4. The word in the original--a derivative from the numeral three--is supposed to have meant, primarily, "persons occupying the third rank below the king."

Verse 7. - Six hundred chosen chariots. Diodorus Siculus assigns to one Egyptian king a force of 27,000 chariots (1. 54, § 4), which however is probably beyond the truth. But the 1200 assigned to Shishak (2 Chronicles 12:3) may well be regarded as historical; and the great kings of the nineteenth dynasty would possess at least an equal number. The "six hundred chosen chariots" set in motion on this occasion probably constituted a division of the royal body-guard (Herod. 2:168). The remaining force would be collected from the neighbouring cities of Northern Egypt, as Memphis, Heliopolis, Bubastis, Pithom, and Pelusium. Captains over every one of them. Rather, "Captains over the whole of them." So the LXX. the Vulgate and Syriac version. Some, however, understand "warriors in each of them ' (Gesenius, Bodiger, Kalisch). 14:1-9 Pharaoh would think that all Israel was entangled in the wilderness, and so would become an easy prey. But God says, I will be honoured upon Pharaoh. All men being made for the honour of their Maker, those whom he is not honoured by, he will be honoured upon. What seems to tend to the church's ruin, is often overruled to the ruin of the church's enemies. While Pharaoh gratified his malice and revenge, he furthered the bringing to pass God's counsels concerning him. Though with the greatest reason he had let Israel go, yet now he was angry with himself for it. God makes the envy and rage of men against his people, a torment to themselves. Those who set their faces heavenward, and will live godly in Christ Jesus, must expect to be set upon by Satan's temptations and terrors. He will not tamely part with any out of his service.
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