Exodus 18:21
New International Version
But select capable men from all the people--men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain--and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.

New Living Translation
But select from all the people some capable, honest men who fear God and hate bribes. Appoint them as leaders over groups of one thousand, one hundred, fifty, and ten.

English Standard Version
Moreover, look for able men from all the people, men who fear God, who are trustworthy and hate a bribe, and place such men over the people as chiefs of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

Berean Study Bible
Furthermore, select capable men from among the people—God-fearing, trustworthy men who are averse to dishonest gain. Appoint them over the people as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

New American Standard Bible
"Furthermore, you shall select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, those who hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens.

King James Bible
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

Christian Standard Bible
But you should select from all the people able men, God-fearing, trustworthy, and hating dishonest profit. Place them over the people as commanders of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens.

Contemporary English Version
You will need to appoint some competent leaders who respect God and are trustworthy and honest. Then put them over groups of 10, 50, 100, and 1,000.

Good News Translation
But in addition, you should choose some capable men and appoint them as leaders of the people: leaders of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens. They must be God-fearing men who can be trusted and who cannot be bribed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But you should select from all the people able men, God-fearing, trustworthy, and hating bribes. Place them over the people as commanders of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens.

International Standard Version
You are to look for capable men among the people, men who fear God, men of integrity who hate dishonest gain. You are to set these men over them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens.

NET Bible
But you choose from the people capable men, God-fearing, men of truth, those who hate bribes, and put them over the people as rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

New Heart English Bible
Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God: men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But choose capable men from all the people, men who fear God, men you can trust, men who hate corruption. Put them in charge of groups of 1,000, or 100, or 50, or 10 people.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

New American Standard 1977
“Furthermore, you shall select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, those who hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them, as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Moreover thou shalt consider out of all the people men of virtue, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness, and place princes over them, of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

King James 2000 Bible
Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

American King James Version
Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

American Standard Version
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And do thou look out for thyself out of all the people able men, fearing God, righteous men, hating pride, and thou shalt set over the people captains of thousands and captains of hundreds, and captains of fifties, and captains of tens.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, in whom there is truth, and that hate avarice, and appoint of them rulers of thousands, and of hundreds, and of fifties, and of tens.

Darby Bible Translation
But do thou provide among all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place [them] over them, chiefs of thousands, chiefs of hundreds, chiefs of fifties, and chiefs of tens,

English Revised Version
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover, thou shalt provide out of all the people, able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

World English Bible
Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God: men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

Young's Literal Translation
And thou -- thou dost provide out of all the people men of ability, fearing God, men of truth, hating dishonest gain, and hast placed these over them, heads of thousands, heads of hundreds, heads of fifties, and heads of tens,
Study Bible
Jethro Advises Moses
20Teach them the statutes and laws, and show them the way to live and the work they must do. 21Furthermore, select capable men from among the people— God-fearing, trustworthy men who are averse to dishonest gain. Appoint them over the people as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens. 22Have these men judge the people at all times. Then they can bring you any major issue, but all minor cases they can judge on their own, so that your load may be lightened as they share it with you.…
Cross References
Acts 6:3
Therefore, brothers, select from among you seven men confirmed to be full of the Spirit and wisdom. We will appoint this responsibility to them

Genesis 42:18
and on the third day he said to them, "Do this and you will live, for I fear God.

Genesis 47:6
the land of Egypt is before you; settle your father and brothers in the best part of the land. They may dwell in the land of Goshen. And if you know of any talented men among them, put them in charge of my own livestock."

Exodus 18:25
So Moses chose capable men from all Israel and made them heads over the people as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

Numbers 1:4
And one man from each tribe, the head of each family, must be there with you.

Numbers 1:16
These men were appointed from the congregation; they were the leaders of the tribes of their fathers, the heads of the clans of Israel.

Numbers 10:4
But if only one is sounded, then the leaders, the heads of the clans of Israel, are to gather before you.

Deuteronomy 1:13
Choose for yourselves wise, understanding, and respected men from each of your tribes, and I will appoint them as your leaders."

Deuteronomy 1:15
So I took the leaders of your tribes, wise and respected men, and appointed them as leaders over you--as commanders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens, and as officers for your tribes.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not deny justice or show partiality. Do not accept any bribes, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 22:18
Then the elders of that city shall take the man and punish him.

2 Samuel 23:3
The God of Israel spoke; the Rock of Israel said to me, 'He who rules the people with justice, who rules in the fear of God,

2 Chronicles 19:5
He appointed judges in the land, in each of the fortified cities of Judah.

Ezra 7:25
And you, Ezra, according to the wisdom of your God which you possess, are to appoint magistrates and judges to judge all the people west of the Euphrates--all who know the laws of your God. And you are to teach these laws to anyone who does not know them.

Job 1:1
There once was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job. And this man was blameless and upright, fearing God and shunning evil.

Psalm 15:1
O LORD, who may abide in Your tent? Who may dwell on Your holy hill?

Treasury of Scripture

Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

moreover

Deuteronomy 1:13-17
Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you…

Acts 6:3
Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.

able men

Exodus 18:25
And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

Deuteronomy 16:18
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.

1 Kings 3:9-12
Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? …

such as

Exodus 23:2-9
Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment: …

Genesis 22:12
And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.

Genesis 42:18
And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:

men

Job 29:16
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

Job 31:13
If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me;

Isaiah 16:5
And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness.

hating

Exodus 23:8
And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.

Deuteronomy 16:18,19
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment…

1 Samuel 8:3
And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.

rulers of thousands.







Lexicon
Furthermore,
וְאַתָּ֣ה (wə·’at·tāh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

select
תֶחֱזֶ֣ה (ṯe·ḥĕ·zeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2372: To gaze at, to perceive, contemplate, to have a, vision of

capable
חַ֜יִל (ḥa·yil)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2428: A force, an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength

men
אַנְשֵׁי־ (’an·šê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

from among
מִכָּל־ (mik·kāl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the people—
הָ֠עָם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

God-fearing,
יִרְאֵ֧י (yir·’ê)
Adjective - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 3373: Fearing, reverent

trustworthy men
אֱמֶ֖ת (’ĕ·meṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 571: Stability, certainty, truth, trustworthiness

who are averse
שֹׂ֣נְאֵי (śō·nə·’ê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8130: To hate

to dishonest gain.
בָ֑צַע (ḇā·ṣa‘)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1215: Gain made by violence, unjust gain, profit

Appoint them
וְשַׂמְתָּ֣ (wə·śam·tā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

over [the people]
עֲלֵהֶ֗ם (‘ă·lê·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

as leaders
שָׂרֵ֤י (śā·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of thousands,
אֲלָפִים֙ (’ă·lā·p̄îm)
Number - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

of hundreds,
מֵא֔וֹת (mê·’ō·wṯ)
Number - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3967: A hundred

of fifties,
חֲמִשִּׁ֖ים (ḥă·miš·šîm)
Number - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 2572: Fifty

and of tens.
עֲשָׂרֹֽת׃ (‘ă·śā·rōṯ)
Number - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6235: Ten
(21) Provide out of all the people able men.--This was the gist of Jethro's advice. It seems somewhat surprising that it should have been needed. In Egypt, as in all other settled governments, while the king was the fountain of justice, it was customary for him to delegate the duty of hearing causes to officials of different ranks, who decided in this or that class of complaints. In Arabia a similar practice no doubt prevailed. Jethro himself had his subordinates, the head men of the various clans or families, who discharged judicial functions in "small matters," and thereby greatly lightened the burthen which would otherwise have rested upon his shoulders. His advice to Moses was simply that he should adopt this generally established system--one which belongs to a very early period in the history of nations.

Jethro's definition of "able men"--men, i.e., fitted to exercise the judicial office--is interesting. He requires them to be (1) God-fearing, (2) truthful, and (3) men of integrity. The second and third requirements would approve themselves to men of all times and countries. The first would generally be deemed superfluous. But it really lies at the root of all excellence of character, and is the point of greatest importance.

Rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds.--An organisation of the entire people on a decimal system is implied in the arrangement suggested. Such an organisation may not improbably have existed at the same in connection with the march and the encamping. See the Comment on Exodus 13:18.) Jethro thought that it might be utilised for judicial purposes. One an out of ten might be competent to judge in "small matters." If either party were dissatisfied, there might be an appeal to the "ruler of fifty"--from him the "ruler of an hundred," and then to the "ruler

Of a thousand." In all ordinary disputes this would suffice, and the contest would not require to be carried further.

Verse 21. - Able men. Literally, "men of might" - i.e., of capacity or ability - men competent for the office of judge; who are further defined to be, such as possess the three qualities of piety, veracity, and strict honesty, or incorruptness. Jethro's conception of the true judicial character leaves little to be desired. If among every ten Israelites there was one such person, the moral condition of the nation cannot have been so much depressed by the Egyptian servitude as is sometimes represented. Place such over them to be rulers of thousands, etc. A decimal organisation naturally presents itself to men's minds as the simplest in a simple state of society, and was probably already in use among the Arab tribes with whom Jethro was familiar. The graduated series - rulers of tens, of fifties, of hundreds, and of thousands, implies a power of three-fold appeal, from the "ruler of ten" to the "ruler of fifty" - from him to the "ruler of a hundred" - and from him to the "ruler of a thousand." Whether there was an appeal from the last-named to Moses, is doubtful. Probably there was not; Moses deciding those cases only which the "rulers of thousands" reserved for him as being specially difficult or important. 18:13-27 Here is the great zeal and the toil of Moses as a magistrate. Having been employed to redeem Israel out of the house of bondage, he is a further type of Christ, that he is employed as a lawgiver and a judge among them. If the people were as quarrelsome one with another as they were with God, no doubt Moses had many causes brought before him. This business Moses was called to; it appears that he did it with great care and kindness. The meanest Israelite was welcome to bring his cause before him. Moses kept to his business from morning to night. Jethro thought it was too much for him to undertake alone; also it would make the administration of justice tiresome to the people. There may be over-doing even in well-doing. Wisdom is profitable to direct, that we may neither content ourselves with less than our duty, nor task ourselves beyond our strength. Jethro advised Moses to a better plan. Great men should not only study to be useful themselves, but contrive to make others useful. Care must be taken in the choice of the persons admitted into such a trust. They should be men of good sense, that understood business, and that would not be daunted by frowns or clamours, but abhorred the thought of a bribe. Men of piety and religion; such as fear God, who dare not to do a base thing, though they could do it secretly and securely. The fear of God will best fortify a man against temptations to injustice. Moses did not despise this advice. Those are not wise, who think themselves too wise to be counselled.
Jump to Previous
Able Covetousness Fear Fifties Furthermore Gain Hating Hundreds Moreover Provide Rulers Select Tens Thousands Truth Unjust
Jump to Next
Able Covetousness Fear Fifties Furthermore Gain Hating Hundreds Moreover Provide Rulers Select Tens Thousands Truth Unjust
Links
Exodus 18:21 NIV
Exodus 18:21 NLT
Exodus 18:21 ESV
Exodus 18:21 NASB
Exodus 18:21 KJV

Exodus 18:21 Bible Apps
Exodus 18:21 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 18:21 Chinese Bible
Exodus 18:21 French Bible
Exodus 18:21 German Bible

Alphabetical: able all and appoint as But capable dishonest fear fifties from Furthermore gain God hate hundreds leaders men of officials out over people place select shall tens the them these those thousands trustworthy truth who you

OT Law: Exodus 18:21 Moreover you shall provide out of all (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Exodus 18:20
Top of Page
Top of Page