2 Samuel 23:3
New International Version
The God of Israel spoke, the Rock of Israel said to me: 'When one rules over people in righteousness, when he rules in the fear of God,

New Living Translation
The God of Israel spoke. The Rock of Israel said to me: The one who rules righteously, who rules in the fear of God,

English Standard Version
The God of Israel has spoken; the Rock of Israel has said to me: When one rules justly over men, ruling in the fear of God,

Berean Study Bible
The God of Israel spoke; the Rock of Israel said to me, ‘He who rules the people with justice, who rules in the fear of God,

New American Standard Bible
"The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spoke to me, 'He who rules over men righteously, Who rules in the fear of God,

King James Bible
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

Christian Standard Bible
The God of Israel spoke; the Rock of Israel said to me, "The one who rules the people with justice, who rules in the fear of God,

Contemporary English Version
Our Mighty Rock, the God of Jacob, told me, "A ruler who obeys God and does right

Good News Translation
The God of Israel has spoken; the protector of Israel said to me: "The king who rules with justice, who rules in obedience to God,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The God of Israel spoke; the Rock of Israel said to me," The one who rules the people with justice, who rules in the fear of God,

International Standard Version
The God of Israel has spoken; the Rock of Israel has talked to me. "When one is governing men justly, he fears God while governing.

NET Bible
The God of Israel spoke, the protector of Israel spoke to me. The one who rules fairly among men, the one who rules in the fear of God,

New Heart English Bible
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, 'One who rules over men righteously, who rules in the fear of God,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The God of Israel spoke to them. The rock of Israel told me, 'The one who rules humans with justice rules with the fear of God.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spoke to me: 'Ruler over men shall be The righteous, even he that ruleth in the fear of God,

New American Standard 1977
“The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spoke to me, ‘He who rules over men righteously, Who rules in the fear of God,

Jubilee Bible 2000
The God of Israel dictated unto me, the strong One of Israel spoke): He that rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

King James 2000 Bible
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

American King James Version
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

American Standard Version
The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spake to me: One that ruleth over men righteously, That ruleth in the fear of God,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The God of Israel says, A watchman out of Israel spoke to me a parable: I said among men, How will ye strengthen the fear of the anointed?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The God of Israel said to me, the strong one of Israel spoke, the ruler of men, the just ruler in the fear of God.

Darby Bible Translation
The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spoke to me, The ruler among men shall be just, Ruling in the fear of God;

English Revised Version
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me: One that ruleth over men righteously, that ruleth in the fear of God,

Webster's Bible Translation
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

World English Bible
The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, 'One who rules over men righteously, who rules in the fear of God,

Young's Literal Translation
He said -- the God of Israel -- to me, He spake -- the Rock of Israel: He who is ruling over man is righteous, He is ruling in the fear of God.
Study Bible
David's Last Song
2The Spirit of the LORD spoke through me; His word was on my tongue. 3The God of Israel spoke; the Rock of Israel said to me, ‘He who rules the people with justice, who rules in the fear of God, 4is like the light of the morning at sunrise of a cloudless dawn, the glistening after the rain on the sprouting grass of the earth.’…
Cross References
Exodus 18:21
Furthermore, select capable men from among the people--God-fearing, trustworthy men who are averse to dishonest gain. Appoint them over the people as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

2 Samuel 22:2
He said: "The LORD is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer.

2 Samuel 22:3
My God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation. My stronghold, my refuge, and my Savior, You save me from violence.

1 Kings 10:9
Blessed be the LORD your God, who has delighted in you to set you on the throne of Israel. Because of the LORD's eternal love for Israel, He has made you king to carry out justice and righteousness."

2 Chronicles 19:7
And now, may the fear of the LORD be upon you. Be careful what you do, for with the LORD our God there is no injustice, partiality, or bribery."

2 Chronicles 19:9
He commanded them, saying, "You must serve faithfully and wholeheartedly in the fear of the LORD.

Job 34:17
Could one who hates justice govern? Will you condemn the just and mighty One,

Psalm 72:1
Endow the king with Your justice, O God, and the son of the king with Your righteousness.

Isaiah 11:1
A shoot will spring up from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots will bear fruit.

Treasury of Scripture

The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

God

Genesis 33:20
And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael.

Exodus 3:15
And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

Exodus 19:5,6
Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: …

the Rock

2 Samuel 22:2,32
And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; …

Deuteronomy 32:4,30,31
He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he…

Psalm 42:9
I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?

he that ruleth.

Psalm 110:2
The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

must be just

Exodus 23:6-8
Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause…

Deuteronomy 16:18-20
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment…

Psalm 82:3,4
Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy…

ruling

Exodus 18:21
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

2 Chronicles 19:7-9
Wherefore now let the fear of the LORD be upon you; take heed and do it: for there is no iniquity with the LORD our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of gifts…

Nehemiah 5:14
Moreover from the time that I was appointed to be their governor in the land of Judah, from the twentieth year even unto the two and thirtieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that is, twelve years, I and my brethren have not eaten the bread of the governor.







Lexicon
The God
אֱלֹהֵ֣י (’ĕ·lō·hê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

spoke;
אָמַר֙ (’ā·mar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

the Rock
צ֣וּר (ṣūr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6697: A cliff, a rock, boulder, a refuge, an edge

of Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

said to me,
דִבֶּ֖ר (ḏib·ber)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

‘He who rules
מוֹשֵׁל֙ (mō·wō·šêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4910: To rule, have dominion, reign

the people
בָּאָדָ֔ם (bā·’ā·ḏām)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

with justice,
צַדִּ֕יק (ṣad·dîq)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6662: Just, righteous

who rules
מוֹשֵׁ֖ל (mō·wō·šêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4910: To rule, have dominion, reign

in the fear
יִרְאַ֥ת (yir·’aṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3374: Fear, reverence

of God,
אֱלֹהִֽים׃ (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative
(3) The Rock of Israel.--Comp. 2Samuel 22:3. A frequent Scriptural comparison, appropriate here, to show the perfect reliability of what God declares.

He that ruleth.--The English gives the true sense, but the original is exceedingly elliptical, both here and in the following verse. The fundamental point of all just government has never been more perfectly set forth:--that it must be "in the fear of God."

Verses 3, 4. - He that ruleth, etc. This rendering of the Hebrew is very beautiful, and fit to be graven on the hearts of rulers. There is often almost an inspiration in the renderings of the Authorized Version. Grammatically, nevertheless, the psalm declares the blessedness of the king who is just, and may be translated as follows: -

"He that ruleth over men righteously,
That ruleth in the fear of God -
And as the morning light shall he be,
when the sun riseth,
A morning without clouds;
Yea, as the tender grass from the earth,
from sunshine, from rain."
A king who rules his people justly is as glorious as the sun rising in its strength to drive away the works of darkness, and give men, by precept and example, the light of clear knowledge of their duty. But the last metaphor is especially beautiful. In the summer, vegetation dries up under the burning heat of the sun; all is bare and brown, and a few withered stalks of the coarser plants alone remain. But when the rains come, followed by bright sunshine, nature at one burst flashes into beauty, and the hillsides and plains are covered with the soft green of the reviving grass, through which myriads of flowers soon push their way, and clothe the landscape with bright colours. So a just and upright government calls into being countless forms of human activity, and fosters all that is morally beautiful, while it checks the blighting influences of unregulated passion and selfish greed. 23:1-7 These words of David are very worthy of regard. Let those who have had long experience of God's goodness, and the pleasantness of heavenly wisdom, when they come to finish their course, bear their testimony to the truth of the promise. David avows his Divine inspiration, that the Spirit of God spake by him. He, and other holy men, spake and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. In many things he had his own neglect and wrong conduct to blame. But David comforted himself that the Lord had made with him an everlasting covenant. By this he principally intended the covenant of mercy and peace, which the Lord made with him as a sinner, who believed in the promised Saviour, who embraced the promised blessing, who yielded up himself to the Lord, to be his redeemed servant. Believers shall for ever enjoy covenant blessings; and God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, shall be for ever glorified in their salvation. Thus pardon, righteousness, grace, and eternal life, are secured as the gift of God through Jesus Christ. There is an infinite fulness of grace and all blessings treasured up in Christ, for those who seek his salvation. This covenant was all David's salvation, he so well knew the holy law of God and the extent of his own sinfulness, that he perceived what was needful for his own case in this salvation. It was therefore all his desire. In comparison, all earthly objects lost their attractions; he was willing to give them up, or to die and leave them, that he might enjoy full happiness, Ps 73:24-28. Still the power of evil, and the weakness of his faith, hope, and love, were his grief and burden. Doubtless he would have allowed that his own slackness and want of care were the cause; but the hope that he should soon be made perfect in glory, encouraged him in his dying moments.
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