2 Samuel 23
Berean Study Bible Par ▾ 

David's Last Song
(Psalm 108:1-13)

1These are the last words of David:

“The oracle of David son of Jesse,

the oracle of the man raised on high,

the one anointed by the God of Jacob,

and the sweet psalmist of Israel:a

2The Spirit of the LORD spoke through me;

His word was on my tongue.

3The God of Israel spoke;

the Rock of Israel said to me,

‘He who rules the people with justice,

who rules in the fear of God,

4is like the light of the morning

at sunrise of a cloudless dawn,

the glistening after the rain

on the sprouting grass of the earth.’

5Is not my house right with God?

For He has established with me

an everlasting covenant,

ordered and secured in every part.

Will He not bring about my full salvation

and my every desire?

6But the worthless are all like thorns raked aside,

for they can never be gathered by hand.

7The man who touches them must be armed with iron

or with the shaft of a spear.

The fire will burn them to ashes

in the place where they lie.”

David's Mighty Men
(1 Chronicles 11:10-47)

8These are the names of David’s mighty men:

Josheb-basshebeth the Tahchemoniteb was chief of the Three.c He wielded his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killed at one time.d

9Next in command was Eleazar son of Dodo the Ahohite. As one of the three mighty men, he went with David to taunt the Philistines who had gathered for battle at Pas-dammim. The men of Israel retreated, 10but Eleazar stood his ground and struck the Philistines until his hand grew weary and stuck to his sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. Then the troops returned to him, but only to plunder the dead.

11And after him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines had banded together near a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them. 12But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field, defended it, and struck down the Philistines. So the LORD brought about a great victory.

13At harvest time, three of the thirty chief men went down to David at the cave of Adullam, while a company of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. 14At that time David was in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was at Bethlehem. 15David longed for water and said, “Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!”

16So the three mighty men broke through the Philistine camp, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem, and brought it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured it out to the LORD, 17saying, “Far be it from me, O LORD, to do this! Is this not the blood of the men who risked their lives?” So he refused to drink it.

Such were the exploits of the three mighty men.

18Now Abishai, the brother of Joab and son of Zeruiah, was chief of the Three,e and he lifted his spear against three hundred men, killed them, and won a name along with the Three. 19Was he not more honored than the Three?f And he became their commander, even though he was not included among the Three.

20And Benaiah son of Jehoiadag was a valiant warrior from Kabzeel, a man of many exploits. He struck down two championsh of Moab, and on a snowy day he went down into a pit and killed a lion. 21He also killed an Egyptian, a huge man. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club, snatched the spear from his hand, and killed the Egyptian with his own spear. 22These were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada, who won a name alongside the three mighty men. 23He was the most honored of the Thirty, but he did not become one of the Three. And David appointed him over his guard.

24Now these were members of the Thirty:

Asahel the brother of Joab,

Elhanan son of Dodo of Bethlehem,

25Shammah the Harodite,

Elika the Harodite,

26Helez the Paltite,

Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,

27Abiezer the Anathothite,

Mebunnaii the Hushathite,

28Zalmon the Ahohite,

Maharai the Netophathite,

29Heledj son of Baanah the Netophathite,

Ittaik son of Ribai from Gibeah of the Benjamites,

30Benaiah the Pirathonite,

Hiddail from the brooks of Gaash,

31Abi-albon the Arbathite,

Azmaveth the Barhumite,

32Eliahba the Shaalbonite,

the sons of Jashen,

Jonathan 33son of Shammahm the Hararite,

Ahiam son of Shararn the Hararite,

34Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maacathite,

Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

35Hezro the Carmelite,

Paarai the Arbite,

36Igal son of Nathan of Zobah,

Bani the Gadite,

37Zelek the Ammonite,

Naharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,

38Ira the Ithrite,

Gareb the Ithrite,

39and Uriah the Hittite.

There were thirty-seven in all.

Footnotes:

1 a Or the hero of the songs of Israel or the favorite of the Strong One of Israel
8 b Probably a variant of Hakmonite (see 1 Chronicles 11:11)
8 c Or of the captains
8 d Some LXX manuscripts (see also 1 Chronicles 11:11); Hebrew chief of the Three. Adino the Eznite killed 800 men at one time.
18 e Most Hebrew manuscripts (see also 1 Chronicles 11:20); two Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac Thirty
19 f Hebrew; Syriac the Thirty
20 g Or son of Ishhai
20 h Or two sons of Ariel
27 i Hebrew; Some LXX manuscripts (see also 2 Samuel 21:18 and 1 Chronicles 11:29) Sibbekai
29 j Some Hebrew manuscripts and Vulgate (see also 1 Chronicles 11:30); Most MT manuscripts Heleb
29 k That is, Ithai, as in the parallel text at 1 Chronicles 11:31
30 l Hebrew; some LXX manuscripts (see also 1 Chronicles 11:32) Hurai
33 m Some LXX manuscripts (see also 1 Chronicles 11:34); Hebrew does not include son of
33 n Hebrew; some LXX manuscripts (see also 1 Chronicles 11:35) Sakar

The Berean Bible (www.Berean.Bible) Berean Study Bible (BSB) © 2016, 2018, 2019 by Bible Hub and Berean.Bible. Used by Permission. All rights Reserved. Free downloads and licensing available. See also the Berean Literal Bible and Berean Interlinear Bible.

Bible Hub

2 Samuel 22
Top of Page
Top of Page