2 Samuel 23:14
New International Version
At that time David was in the stronghold, and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.

New Living Translation
David was staying in the stronghold at the time, and a Philistine detachment had occupied the town of Bethlehem.

English Standard Version
David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem.

Berean Study Bible
At that time David was in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was at Bethlehem.

King James Bible
And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

New King James Version
David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

New American Standard Bible
David was then in the stronghold, while the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

NASB 1995
David was then in the stronghold, while the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

NASB 1977
And David was then in the stronghold, while the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

Amplified Bible
David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

Christian Standard Bible
At that time David was in the stronghold, and a Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At that time David was in the stronghold, and a Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.

American Standard Version
And David was then in the stronghold; and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Beth-lehem.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And David was staying then in Metsruth, and the Princes of the Philistines were camping in Bayth Lekhem

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David was then in the strong hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethleem.

Contemporary English Version
and had taken over Bethlehem. David was in his fortress,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David was then in a hold. and there was a garrison of the Philistines then in Bethlehem.

English Revised Version
And David was then in the hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Beth-lehem.

Good News Translation
At that time David was on a fortified hill, and a group of Philistines had occupied Bethlehem.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While David was in the fortified camp, Philistine troops were at Bethlehem.

International Standard Version
David was living in that stronghold at the time, while a Philistine garrison was then at Bethlehem.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Beth-lehem.

Literal Standard Version
and David [is] then in a fortress, and the station of the Philistines [is] then in Beth-Lehem,

NET Bible
David was in the stronghold at the time, while a Philistine garrison was in Bethlehem.

New Heart English Bible
David was then in the stronghold; and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

World English Bible
David was then in the stronghold; and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

Young's Literal Translation
and David is then in a fortress, and the station of the Philistines is then in Beth-Lehem,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Mighty Men
13At harvest time, three of the thirty chief men went down to David at the cave of Adullam, while a company of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. 14At that time David was in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was at Bethlehem. 15David longed for water and said, “Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!”…

Cross References
1 Samuel 13:23
And a garrison of the Philistines had gone out to the pass at Michmash.

1 Samuel 22:4
So he left them in the care of the king of Moab, and they stayed with him the whole time David was in the stronghold.

1 Samuel 22:5
Then the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not stay in the stronghold. Depart and go into the land of Judah." So David left and went to the forest of Hereth.

2 Samuel 5:17
When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they all went in search of him; but David learned of this and went down to the stronghold.


Treasury of Scripture

And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

an hod

1 Samuel 22:1,4,5
David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him…

1 Samuel 24:22
And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but David and his men gat them up unto the hold.

1 Chronicles 12:16
And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David.

garrison

1 Samuel 10:5
After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:

1 Samuel 13:4,23
And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also was had in abomination with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal…

1 Samuel 14:1,6
Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father…









Verse 14. - An hold; Hebrew, the hold. The definite article here and in ch. 5:17, and the mention of the Philistines as being in the valley of Rephaim, seem to indicate that David had abandoned Jerusalem upon the invasion of the Philistines, and sought refuge at Adullam (see note on 2 Samuel 5:17). In its neighbourhood is an isolated hill, on which, probably, was a frontier fortress, in which David prepared to defend himself.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
At that time
אָ֣ז (’āz)
Adverb
Strong's 227: At that time, place, therefore

David
וְדָוִ֖ד (wə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

was in the stronghold,
בַּמְּצוּדָ֑ה (bam·mə·ṣū·ḏāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4686: A net, capture, a fastness

and the garrison
וּמַצַּ֣ב (ū·maṣ·ṣaḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4673: A fixed spot, an office, a military post

of the Philistines
פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים (pə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

was at Bethlehem.
לָֽחֶם׃ (lā·ḥem)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1035: Bethlehem -- 'place of bread', a city in Judah, also a city in Zebulun


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OT History: 2 Samuel 23:14 David was then in the stronghold (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 23:13
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