2 Samuel 23:7
New International Version
Whoever touches thorns uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear; they are burned up where they lie."

New Living Translation
One must use iron tools to chop them down; they will be totally consumed by fire."

English Standard Version
but the man who touches them arms himself with iron and the shaft of a spear, and they are utterly consumed with fire.”

Berean Study Bible
The man who touches them must be armed with iron or with the shaft of a spear. The fire will burn them to ashes in the place where they lie.”

New American Standard Bible
But the man who touches them Must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear, And they will be completely burned with fire in their place."

King James Bible
But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

Christian Standard Bible
The man who touches them must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear. They will be completely burned up on the spot.

Contemporary English Version
but with a sharp spear and are burned on the spot.

Good News Translation
You must use an iron tool or a spear; they will be burned completely.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The man who touches them must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear. They will be completely burned up on the spot.

International Standard Version
Whoever handles them wears heavy duty clothing, carries strong tools, and burns them to ashes on the spot!

NET Bible
The one who touches them must use an iron instrument or the wooden shaft of a spear. They are completely burned up right where they lie!"

New Heart English Bible
But the man who touches them must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear. They shall be utterly burned with fire in their place."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A person who touches them uses iron [tools] or the shaft of a spear. Fire will burn them up completely wherever they are."

JPS Tanakh 1917
But the man that toucheth them Must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear; And they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place.

New American Standard 1977
But the man who touches them Must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear, And they will be completely burned with fire in their place.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
but the one that desires to touch them must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear, and they are completely burned with fire in their place.

King James 2000 Bible
But the man that shall touch them must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place.

American King James Version
But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

American Standard Version
But the man that toucheth them Must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear: And they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and a man shall not labour among them; and one shall have that which is fully armed with iron, and the staff of a spear, an he shall burn them with fire, and they shall be burnt in their shame.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if a man will touch them, he must be armed with iron and with the staff of a lance: but they shall be set on fire and burnt to nothing.

Darby Bible Translation
And the man that will touch them provideth himself with iron and the staff of a spear; And they shall be utterly burned with fire in [their] place.

English Revised Version
But the man that toucheth them must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

World English Bible
But the man who touches them must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear. They shall be utterly burned with fire in their place."

Young's Literal Translation
And the man who cometh against them Is filled with iron and the staff of a spear, And with fire they are utterly burnt In the cessation.'
Study Bible
David's Last Song
6But the worthless are all like thorns raked aside, for they can never be gathered by hand. 7The man who touches them must be armed with iron or with the shaft of a spear. The fire will burn them to ashes in the place where they lie.”
Cross References
Matthew 3:10
The ax lies ready at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.

Matthew 13:30
Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat into my barn.'"

Hebrews 6:8
But land that produces thorns and thistles is worthless, and its curse is imminent. In the end it will be burned.

Isaiah 33:12
The peoples will be burned to ashes, like thorns cut down and set ablaze.

Ezekiel 2:6
But you, son of man, do not be afraid of them or their words. Do not be afraid, though briers and thorns surround you, and you dwell among scorpions. Do not be afraid of their words or dismayed by their presence, though they are a rebellious house.

Treasury of Scripture

But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

fenced [heb] filled

2 Samuel 22:8-10
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth…

Isaiah 27:4
Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.

Matthew 3:10-12
And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire…







Lexicon
The man
וְאִישׁ֙ (wə·’îš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

[who] touches
יִגַּ֣ע (yig·ga‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike

them
בָּהֶ֔ם (bā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

must be armed
יִמָּלֵ֥א (yim·mā·lê)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4390: To fill, be full of

with iron
בַרְזֶ֖ל (ḇar·zel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1270: Iron, an iron implement

or with the shaft
וְעֵ֣ץ (wə·‘êṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood

of a spear.
חֲנִ֑ית (ḥă·nîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2595: A lance

The fire
וּבָאֵ֕שׁ (ū·ḇā·’êš)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

will burn them to ashes
שָׂר֥וֹף (śā·rō·wp̄)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 8313: To be, on fire

in [the] place [where they lie].”
בַּשָּֽׁבֶת׃ (baš·šā·ḇeṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7675: Session, an abode, locality
(7) Fenced with iron.--The thorns are to be handled with an iron hook on the end of a spear staff. The phrase, "in the same place," is used only here, and its meaning is quite uncertain. The Vulg. translates, to nothing, meaning to utter destruction; the LXX. substitutes the word shame. The English rendering is as well sustained as any.

The Chaldee Targum upon these verses is very interesting, as giving the ancient Jewish interpretation of the prophecy. It is a much enlarged paraphrase, but gives a Messianic application to the whole. The following is a close translation of 2Samuel 23:1-3 : "(1) These are the words of the prophecy of David, which he prophesied concerning the end of the age, concerning the days of consolation which are to come. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was exalted to the kingdom said, the anointed by the word of the God of Jacob, and appointed that he might preside over the sweetness of the praises of Israel. (2) David said, In the spirit of prophecy of the Lord I speak these things, and the words of His holiness do I order in my mouth. (3) David said, The God of Israel spake concerning me, the Strong One of Israel who ruleth over the sons of men, the true Judge, said that He would appoint for me a king; He is the Messiah, who shall arise and rule in the fear of the Lord."

23:1-7 These words of David are very worthy of regard. Let those who have had long experience of God's goodness, and the pleasantness of heavenly wisdom, when they come to finish their course, bear their testimony to the truth of the promise. David avows his Divine inspiration, that the Spirit of God spake by him. He, and other holy men, spake and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. In many things he had his own neglect and wrong conduct to blame. But David comforted himself that the Lord had made with him an everlasting covenant. By this he principally intended the covenant of mercy and peace, which the Lord made with him as a sinner, who believed in the promised Saviour, who embraced the promised blessing, who yielded up himself to the Lord, to be his redeemed servant. Believers shall for ever enjoy covenant blessings; and God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, shall be for ever glorified in their salvation. Thus pardon, righteousness, grace, and eternal life, are secured as the gift of God through Jesus Christ. There is an infinite fulness of grace and all blessings treasured up in Christ, for those who seek his salvation. This covenant was all David's salvation, he so well knew the holy law of God and the extent of his own sinfulness, that he perceived what was needful for his own case in this salvation. It was therefore all his desire. In comparison, all earthly objects lost their attractions; he was willing to give them up, or to die and leave them, that he might enjoy full happiness, Ps 73:24-28. Still the power of evil, and the weakness of his faith, hope, and love, were his grief and burden. Doubtless he would have allowed that his own slackness and want of care were the cause; but the hope that he should soon be made perfect in glory, encouraged him in his dying moments.
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OT History: 2 Samuel 23:7 But the man who touches them must (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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