1 Samuel 28:5
New International Version
When Saul saw the Philistine army, he was afraid; terror filled his heart.

New Living Translation
When Saul saw the vast Philistine army, he became frantic with fear.

English Standard Version
When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

Berean Study Bible
When Saul saw the Philistine army, he was afraid and trembled violently.

New American Standard Bible
When Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, he was afraid and his heart trembled greatly.

King James Bible
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.

Christian Standard Bible
When Saul saw the Philistine camp, he was afraid and his heart pounded.

Contemporary English Version
Saul took one look at the Philistine army and started shaking with fear.

Good News Translation
When Saul saw the Philistine army, he was terrified,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Saul saw the Philistine camp, he was afraid and trembled violently.

International Standard Version
When Saul saw the Philistine camp, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

NET Bible
When Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, he was absolutely terrified.

New Heart English Bible
When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Saul looked at the Philistine army, he was very afraid-terrified.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

New American Standard 1977
When Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, he was afraid and his heart trembled greatly.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

King James 2000 Bible
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.

American King James Version
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.

American Standard Version
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, and he was alarmed, and his heart was greatly dismayed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Saul saw the army of the Plilistines, and was afraid, and his heart was very much dismayed.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.

English Revised Version
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.

World English Bible
When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly.

Young's Literal Translation
and Saul seeth the camp of the Philistines, and feareth, and his heart trembleth greatly,
Study Bible
Philistines Gather Against Israel
4The Philistines came together and camped at Shunem, while Saul gathered all Israel and camped at Gilboa. 5When Saul saw the Philistine army, he was afraid and trembled violently. 6He inquired of the LORD, but the LORD did not answer him by dreams or Urim or prophets.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 28:4
The Philistines came together and camped at Shunem, while Saul gathered all Israel and camped at Gilboa.

1 Samuel 28:6
He inquired of the LORD, but the LORD did not answer him by dreams or Urim or prophets.

Treasury of Scripture

And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.

he was afraid

Job 15:21
A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.

Job 18:11
Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.

Psalm 48:5,6
They saw it, and so they marvelled; they were troubled, and hasted away…







Lexicon
When Saul
שָׁא֖וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

saw
וַיַּ֥רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

the Philistine
פְלִשְׁתִּ֑ים (p̄ə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

army,
מַחֲנֵ֣ה (ma·ḥă·nêh)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4264: An encampment, an army

he
לִבּ֖וֹ (lib·bōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

was afraid
וַיִּרָ֕א (way·yi·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3372: To fear, to revere, caus, to frighten

and trembled
וַיֶּחֱרַ֥ד (way·ye·ḥĕ·raḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2729: To shudder with terror, to fear, to hasten

violently.
מְאֹֽד׃ (mə·’ōḏ)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3966: Vehemence, vehemently, wholly, speedily
(5) He was afraid.--There is no doubt that Saul was discouraged when he viewed the enemy's ranks from the eminence of Gilboa. They were far more numerous than he had expected. But the real reason of his trembling must be looked for in the consciousness that God had forsaken him. Many of the well-known Israelite warriors had, during the late events, taken service with his dreaded rival, David, and David, he knew, was now the vassal of Achish, a Philistine king. We may imagine Saul, the forsaken of God, as be stood on the white chalk hill of Gilboa, gazing on the long lines of Philistine tents pitched on the opposite hill of Shunem, wondering if his old friend was there, with his mighty following, in the division of Gath.

Verses 5, 6. - When Saul saw, etc. It is plain from this that the Philistines had not forced their way up through the Israelite territory; for this was evidently Saul's first sight of their forces, and his alarm was caused by finding them so much larger than he had expected. He therefore in his anxiety enquired of Jehovah, but received no answer, neither by dreams. He had expected these to be vouchsafed, possibly to himself, but more probably to some class of prophets (see Jeremiah 23:25, where false prophets claim to have dreamed, in imitation no doubt of true prophets); but though dreams were thus recognised as a means for communicating God's will to man, yet, as Erdmann well remarks, "a subordinate position is certainly assigned in the Old Testament to the dream as the medium of the Divine influence on the inner life, which in sleep sinks into a state of passiveness." Nor by Urim. Though Abiathar after the massacre of his family had fled to David with the ephod, it is quite possible that Saul may have had another ephod made, and have set up a fresh sanctuary, perhaps at Gibeon, with Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, as high priest. This would account for Zadok being joined with Ahimelech, the son of Abiathar, as one of two high priests early in David's reign (2 Samuel 8:17). It is remarkable, however, that Saul does not mention the Urim himself in ver. 15, and very probably it is named here not because the ephod was actually used, but as enumerating all the various ways by which men inquired of Jehovah. Nor by prophets. In his dee spair Saul may have turned to some reputed soothsayer present with the host, but his wilful life had alienated both priest and prophet from him. And this is the meaning of the passage in 1 Chronicles 10:14: "Saul enquired not of Jehovah; therefore he slew him." He may have gone through the form of inquiring, and certainly now would have been glad of an answer, but his whole mind was determinately set upon carrying out his own purposes, and he would never permit, after the first year or two of his reign, the royal prerogative to bend to the will of God. 28:1-6 David could not refuse Achish without danger. If he promised assistance, and then stood neuter, or went over to the Israelites, he would behave with ingratitude and treachery. If he fought against Israel, he would sin greatly. It seemed impossible that he should get out of this difficulty with a clear conscience; but his evasive answer, intended to gain time, was not consistent with the character of an Israelite indeed. Troubles are terrors to the children of disobedience. In his distress, Saul inquired of the Lord. He did not seek in faith, but with a double, unstable mind. Saul had put the law in force against those that had familiar spirits, Ex 22:18. Many seem zealous against, sin, when they are any way hurt by it, who have no concern for the glory of God, nor any dislike of sin as sin. Many seem enemies to sin in others, while they indulge it in themselves. Saul will drive the devil out of his kingdom, yet harbours him in his heart by envy and malice. How foolish to consult those whom, according to God's law, he had endeavoured to root out!
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OT History: 1 Samuel 28:5 When Saul saw the army (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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