2 Samuel 22:8
New International Version
The earth trembled and quaked, the foundations of the heavens shook; they trembled because he was angry.

New Living Translation
“Then the earth quaked and trembled. The foundations of the heavens shook; they quaked because of his anger.

English Standard Version
“Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations of the heavens trembled and quaked, because he was angry.

Berean Study Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the heavens trembled; they were shaken because He burned with anger.

King James Bible
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.

New King James Version
“Then the earth shook and trembled; The foundations of heaven quaked and were shaken, Because He was angry.

New American Standard Bible
“Then the earth shook and quaked, The foundations of heaven were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry.

NASB 1995
“Then the earth shook and quaked, The foundations of heaven were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry.

NASB 1977
“Then the earth shook and quaked, The foundations of heaven were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry.

Amplified Bible
“Then the earth shook and quaked, The foundations of the heavens trembled And were shaken, because He was angry.

Christian Standard Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the heavens trembled; they shook because he burned with anger.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the heavens trembled; they shook because He burned with anger.

American Standard Version
Then the earth shook and trembled, The foundations of heaven quaked And were shaken, because he was wroth.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the earth was shaken and moved and the foundations of the mountains quaked, and they were torn apart because you were angered against them

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the earth was troubled and quaked, and the foundations of heaven were confounded and torn asunder, because the Lord was wroth with them.

Contemporary English Version
Earth shook and shivered! The columns supporting the sky rocked back and forth. You were angry

Douay-Rheims Bible
The earth shook and trembled, the foundations of the mountains were moved, and shaken, because he was angry with them.

English Revised Version
Then the earth shook and trembled, the foundations of heaven moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.

Good News Translation
Then the earth trembled and shook; the foundations of the sky rocked and quivered because God was angry!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the earth shook and quaked. Even the foundations of the heavens trembled. They shook violently because he was angry.

International Standard Version
Just then the earth shook and trembled! The foundations of heaven reeled and quaked because the LORD was angry.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then the earth did shake and quake, The foundations of heaven did tremble; They were shaken, because He was wroth.

Literal Standard Version
And the earth shakes and trembles, Foundations of the heavens are troubled, And are shaken, for He has wrath!

NET Bible
The earth heaved and shook; the foundations of the sky trembled. They heaved because he was angry.

New Heart English Bible
Then the earth shook and trembled. The foundations of the mountains quaked and were shaken, because he was angry.

World English Bible
Then the earth shook and trembled. The foundations of heaven quaked and were shaken, because he was angry.

Young's Literal Translation
And shake and tremble doth the earth, Foundations of the heavens are troubled, And are shaken, for He hath wrath!

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Song of Deliverance
7In my distress I called upon the LORD; I cried out to my God. And from His temple He heard my voice, and my cry for help reached His ears. 8Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the heavens trembled; they were shaken because He burned with anger. 9Smoke rose from His nostrils, and consuming fire came from His mouth; glowing coals blazed forth.…

Cross References
Judges 5:4
O LORD, when You went out from Seir, when You marched from the land of Edom, the earth trembled, the heavens poured out rain, and the clouds poured down water.

Job 26:11
The foundations of heaven quake, astounded at His rebuke.

Psalm 68:8
the earth shook and the heavens poured down rain before God, the One on Sinai, before God, the God of Israel.

Psalm 97:4
His lightning illuminates the world; the earth sees and trembles.

Nahum 1:5
The mountains quake before Him, and the hills melt away; the earth trembles at His presence--the world and all its dwellers.


Treasury of Scripture

Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.

the earth

Judges 5:4
LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.

Psalm 18:7
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.

Psalm 77:18
The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.

foundations

Job 26:11
The pillars of heaven tremble and are astonished at his reproof.

Nahum 1:5
The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein.









(8) Of heaven.--Psalms 18, "of the hills." The thought is the same, but the strong poetic figure by which the mountains are spoken of as "the pillars of heaven" (comp. Job 26:11) is softened in the psalm.

Verses 8-10. -

"And the earth quaked and trembled;
The foundations of the heavens shook,
And quaked because he was wroth.
A smoke went up in his nostril,

And fire out of his mouth devoured;
Red hot cinders burned from him.
And he bowed the heavens and came down,
And darkness was under his feet."
In describing the manifestation of God for his deliverance, David bore in mind and repeated the description of God's descent to earth given in Exodus 19:16, 18. But the poetic vigour of David's imagination intensities the imagery, and makes it more grand and startling. Not merely is there the earthquake and the volcano and the storm cloud, but the dim form of the Almighty is present, with the smoke of just anger at unrighteousness ascending from his nostrils, and the lightnings flashing forth to execute his wrath. But David certainly intended that these metaphors should remain ideal; and it was quite unnecessary for the Targum carefully to eliminate all such expressions as seem to give the Almighty bureau shape. In so doing it merely changes poetry into prose. But even more dull and commonplace is the explanation given by some modern commentators, that all that is meant is that David was once saved by a thunderstorm from some danger or other. Really this glorious imagery, taken from all that is grandest on earth, is intended to magnify to us the spiritual conception of God's justice coming forth to visit the earth and do right and equity. In ver. 8 for "the foundations of the heavens," we find in Psalm 18:7 "the foundations of the hills." The former is the grander metaphor, and signifies the mighty mountain ranges, like those of Lebanon, on which the skies seem to rest. The smoke signifies hailstorms and, perhaps, also the rain driven in wreaths along the ground by the wind. Red hot cinders burned from him describes the flashing lightnings that were shot forth like the coals from the refiner's furnace when heated to the full. It is to be regretted that the Revised Version retains the bathos of the old rendering, that God's fiery breath set coals on fire.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then the earth
הָאָ֔רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

shook
וַיִּתְגָּעַ֤שׁ‪‬‪‬ (way·yiṯ·gā·‘aš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1607: To agitate violently

and quaked;
וַתִּרְעַשׁ֙ (wat·tir·‘aš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 7493: To undulate, through fear, to spring

the foundations
מוֹסְד֥וֹת (mō·ws·ḏō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 4146: A foundation

of the heavens
הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 8064: Heaven, sky

trembled;
יִרְגָּ֑זוּ (yir·gā·zū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7264: To be agitated, quiver, quake, be excited, perturbed

they were shaken
וַיִּֽתְגָּעֲשׁ֖וּ (way·yiṯ·gā·‘ă·šū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1607: To agitate violently

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

He burned with anger.
חָ֥רָה (ḥā·rāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2734: To glow, grow warm, to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy


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OT History: 2 Samuel 22:8 Then the earth shook and trembled (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 22:7
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