Psalm 18:7
New International Version
The earth trembled and quaked, and the foundations of the mountains shook; they trembled because he was angry.

New Living Translation
Then the earth quaked and trembled. The foundations of the mountains shook; they quaked because of his anger.

English Standard Version
Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations also of the mountains trembled and quaked, because he was angry.

Berean Study Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked, and the foundations of the mountains trembled; they were shaken because He burned with anger.

King James Bible
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.

New King James Version
Then the earth shook and trembled; The foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken, Because He was angry.

New American Standard Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked; And the foundations of the mountains were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry.

NASB 1995
Then the earth shook and quaked; And the foundations of the mountains were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry.

NASB 1977
Then the earth shook and quaked; And the foundations of the mountains were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry.

Amplified Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked, The foundations of the mountains trembled; They were shaken because He was indignant and angry.

Christian Standard Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the mountains trembled; they shook because he burned with anger.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the mountains trembled; they shook because He burned with anger.

American Standard Version
Then the earth shook and trembled; The foundations also of the mountains quaked And were shaken, because he was wroth.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The Earth trembled and shook and the foundations of the mountains shook and were split, because he was furious against them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Then the earth shook and quaked, and the foundations of the mountains were disturbed, and were shaken, because God was angry with them.

Contemporary English Version
The earth shook and shivered, and the mountains trembled down to their roots. You were angry

Douay-Rheims Bible
The earth shook and trembled: the foundations of the mountains were troubled and were moved, because he was angry with them.

English Revised Version
Then the earth shook and trembled, me foundations also of the mountains moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.

Good News Translation
Then the earth trembled and shook; the foundations of the mountains rocked and quivered, because God was angry.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the earth shook and quaked. Even the foundations of the mountains trembled. They shook violently because he was angry.

International Standard Version
The world shook and trembled; the foundations of the mountains quaked, they shook because he was angry.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then the earth did shake and quake, The foundations also of the mountains did tremble; They were shaken, because He was wroth.

Literal Standard Version
And the earth shakes and trembles, And foundations of hills are troubled, And they shake—because He has wrath.

NET Bible
The earth heaved and shook; the roots of the mountains trembled; they heaved because he was angry.

New Heart English Bible
Then the earth shook and trembled. The foundations also of the mountains quaked and were shaken, because he was angry.

World English Bible
Then the earth shook and trembled. The foundations also of the mountains quaked and were shaken, because he was angry.

Young's Literal Translation
And shake and tremble doth the earth, And foundations of hills are troubled, And they shake -- because He hath wrath.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The LORD is My Rock
6In my distress I called upon the LORD; I cried to my God for help. From His temple He heard my voice, and my cry for His help reached His ears. 7Then the earth shook and quaked, and the foundations of the mountains trembled; they were shaken because He burned with anger. 8Smoke rose from His nostrils, and consuming fire came from His mouth; glowing coals blazed forth.…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:22
For a fire has been kindled by My anger, and it burns to the depths of Sheol; it consumes the earth and its produce, and scorches the foundations of the mountains.

Judges 5:4
O LORD, when You went out from Seir, when You marched from the land of Edom, the earth trembled, the heavens poured out rain, and the clouds poured down water.

Psalm 46:2
Therefore we will not fear, though the earth is transformed and the mountains are toppled into the depths of the seas,

Psalm 60:2
You have shaken the land and torn it open. Heal its fractures, for it is quaking.

Psalm 68:7
O God, when You went out before Your people, when You marched through the wasteland, Selah

Psalm 68:8
the earth shook and the heavens poured down rain before God, the One on Sinai, before God, the God of Israel.

Psalm 77:18
Your thunder resounded in the whirlwind; the lightning lit up the world; the earth trembled and quaked.


Treasury of Scripture

Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.

earth

Psalm 114:4-7
The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs…

Matthew 28:2
And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.

Acts 4:31
And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness.

foundations

Psalm 46:2
Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea;

Deuteronomy 32:22
For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.

Jeremiah 4:24
I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.









(7) The earth shook.--The sudden burst of the storm is the Divine answer to the sufferer's prayer. For similar manifestations comp. Psalm 68:7-8; Psalm 77:14-20; Amos 9:5; Micah 1:3; Habakkuk 3:4; but here the colours are more vivid, and the language more intense. In fact, the whole realm of poetry cannot show a finer feeling for nature in her wrath. We first hear the rumbling of the earth, probably earthquake preceding the storm (for volcanic phenomena of Palestine see Stanley's Sinai and Palestine, 124), or possibly only its distant threatening. Comp.

"Earth groans as if beneath a heavy load." . . .

Verse 7. - Then the earth shook and trembled; or, quailed and quaked (Kay, who thus expresses the assonance of the Hebrew vat-tig'ash vat-tir ash). The psalmist must not be understood literally. He does not mean that the deliverance came by earthquake, storm, and thunder, but describes the discomfiture and dismay of his opponents by a series of highly poetical images. In these he, no doubt, follows nature closely, and probably describes what he had seen, heard, and felt. The foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken. In violent earthquakes, the earth seems to rock to its foundations; mountain ranges are sometimes actually elevated to a height of several feet; rocks topple down; and occasionally there are earth-slips of enormous dimensions. Because he was wroth. God's anger against the psalmist's enemies produced the entire disturbance which he is describing.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then the earth
הָאָ֗רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

shook
וַתִּגְעַ֬שׁ (wat·tiḡ·‘aš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 1607: To agitate violently

and quaked,
וַתִּרְעַ֨שׁ ׀ (wat·tir·‘aš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 7493: To undulate, through fear, to spring

and the foundations
וּמוֹסְדֵ֣י (ū·mō·ws·ḏê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 4146: A foundation

of the mountains
הָרִ֣ים (hā·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

trembled;
יִרְגָּ֑זוּ (yir·gā·zū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7264: To be agitated, quiver, quake, be excited, perturbed

they were shaken
וַ֝יִּתְגָּֽעֲשׁ֗וּ (way·yiṯ·gā·‘ă·šū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1607: To agitate violently

because
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

He burned with anger.
חָ֥רָה (ḥā·rāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2734: To glow, grow warm, to blaze up, of anger, zeal, jealousy


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OT Poetry: Psalm 18:7 Then the earth shook and trembled (Psalm Ps Psa.)
Psalm 18:6
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